Aliases for CAPN10 Gene
External Ids for CAPN10 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CAPN10 Gene
Calpains represent a ubiquitous, well-conserved family of calcium-dependent cysteine proteases. The calpain proteins are heterodimers consisting of an invariant small subunit and variable large subunits. The large catalytic subunit has four domains: domain I, the N-terminal regulatory domain that is processed upon calpain activation; domain II, the protease domain; domain III, a linker domain of unknown function; and domain IV, the calmodulin-like calcium-binding domain. This gene encodes a large subunit. It is an atypical calpain in that it lacks the calmodulin-like calcium-binding domain and instead has a divergent C-terminal domain. It is similar in organization to calpains 5 and 6. This gene is associated with type 2 or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), and is located within the NIDDM1 region. Multiple alternative transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]
GeneCards Summary for CAPN10 Gene
CAPN10 (Calpain 10) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CAPN10 include Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, 1 and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Integrin Pathway and Apoptosis Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cytoskeletal protein binding and calcium-dependent cysteine-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CAPN15.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CAPN10 Gene
Calcium-regulated non-lysosomal thiol-protease which catalyzes limited proteolysis of substrates involved in cytoskeletal remodeling and signal transduction. May play a role in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake.
Calpains are a group of calcium-sensitive cysteine proteases that are ubiquitously expressed in mammals. Structurally, calpains contain two subunits; an 80 kDa catalytic subunit and a 28 kDa regulatory subunit that functions as a chaperone to stabilize the 80 kDa structure.