Aliases for C3 Gene
External Ids for C3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for C3 Gene
Complement component C3 plays a central role in the activation of complement system. Its activation is required for both classical and alternative complement activation pathways. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate alpha and beta subunits that form the mature protein, which is then further processed to generate numerous peptide products. The C3a peptide, also known as the C3a anaphylatoxin, modulates inflammation and possesses antimicrobial activity. Mutations in this gene are associated with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and age-related macular degeneration in human patients. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]
GeneCards Summary for C3 Gene
C3 (Complement C3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with C3 include Complement Component 3 Deficiency, Autosomal Recessive and Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, Atypical 5. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and C5L2 anaphylatoxin chemotactic receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is C4B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for C3 Gene
C3 plays a central role in the activation of the complement system. Its processing by C3 convertase is the central reaction in both classical and alternative complement pathways. After activation C3b can bind covalently, via its reactive thioester, to cell surface carbohydrates or immune aggregates.
Derived from proteolytic degradation of complement C3, C3a anaphylatoxin is a mediator of local inflammatory process. In chronic inflammation, acts as a chemoattractant for neutrophils (By similarity). It induces the contraction of smooth muscle, increases vascular permeability and causes histamine release from mast cells and basophilic leukocytes.
[C3-beta-c]: Acts as a chemoattractant for neutrophils in chronic inflammation.
[Acylation stimulating protein]: adipogenic hormone that stimulates triglyceride (TG) synthesis and glucose transport in adipocytes, regulating fat storage and playing a role in postprandial TG clearance. Appears to stimulate TG synthesis via activation of the PLC, MAPK and AKT signaling pathways. Ligand for C5AR2. Promotes the phosphorylation, ARRB2-mediated internalization and recycling of C5AR2 (PubMed:8376604, PubMed:2909530, PubMed:9059512, PubMed:10432298, PubMed:15833747, PubMed:16333141, PubMed:19615750).
The complement system is a biochemical pathway involved in both innate and adaptive immune responses. There are four main functions of the complement system; lysis of microorganisms, promotion of phagocytosis, triggering inflammation and immune clearance.