Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for C22orf31 Gene

Aliases for C22orf31 Gene

  • Chromosome 22 Open Reading Frame 31 2 3 5
  • Uncharacterized Protein C22orf31 3 4
  • BK747E2.1 3
  • HS747E2A 3

External Ids for C22orf31 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for C22orf31 Gene

  • GC22M027784
  • GC22M029454
  • GC22M012418

Summaries for C22orf31 Gene

GeneCards Summary for C22orf31 Gene

C22orf31 (Chromosome 22 Open Reading Frame 31) is a Protein Coding gene.

Additional gene information for C22orf31 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for C22orf31 Gene

Genomics for C22orf31 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for C22orf31 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for C22orf31 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH22J029070 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 600.7 +0.8 821 4.8 ZNF121 SP7 SP1 SP5 GLIS2 PKNOX1 RXRA ZBTB8A NRF1 NFKBIZ KREMEN1 C22orf31 ENSG00000226772 CCDC117 EMID1 XBP1
GH22J029061 Promoter/Enhancer 1.5 EPDnew Ensembl dbSUPER 600.4 +13.4 13365 5.2 CEBPG CREB1 HMG20B CEBPA ATF1 ZEB2 ATF7 ZNF629 SOX13 KLF9 C22orf31 KREMEN1 ZNRF3-AS1
GH22J029028 Promoter/Enhancer 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 54.1 +42.7 42736 4.8 ZNF652 ZFX SP1 ELF3 ZNF148 CEBPG RERE BACH1 MAFK TFE3 ZNRF3-AS1 C22orf31 CCDC117 KREMEN1 ZNRF3 ENSG00000226471 XBP1 ENSG00000226772 RNU6-810P ASCC2
GH22J029201 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.2 -131.8 -131760 8.8 SP1 ELF3 ZFX CTCF CBFA2T2 ZNF148 NKRF ZNF687 BACH1 MCM2 EMID1 LOC101929638 EWSR1 TTC28 KREMEN1 C22orf31 CHEK2 GC22P029193
GH22J028882 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 10.3 +189.3 189265 4.6 SP1 MNT ZNF148 NKRF POLR2A ZNF121 ZNF384 ZNF687 TFE3 ZBTB7A ZNRF3 C22orf31 CCDC117 CHEK2 HSCB LOC646408 ZNRF3-IT1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around C22orf31 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the C22orf31 gene promoter:
  • CUTL1
  • FAC1
  • FOXC1
  • ITF-2
  • Lmo2
  • Nkx6-1
  • Pbx1a
  • SREBP-1a
  • SREBP-1b
  • SREBP-1c

Genomic Locations for C22orf31 Gene

Genomic Locations for C22orf31 Gene
15,295 bases
Minus strand
3,248 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for C22orf31 Gene

Genes around C22orf31 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
C22orf31 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for C22orf31 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for C22orf31 Gene

Proteins for C22orf31 Gene

  • Protein details for C22orf31 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Uncharacterized protein C22orf31
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0AV97

    Protein attributes for C22orf31 Gene

    290 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    32655 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for C22orf31 Gene

Post-translational modifications for C22orf31 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for C22orf31 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for C22orf31 Gene

Domains & Families for C22orf31 Gene

Gene Families for C22orf31 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for C22orf31 Gene


Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with C22orf31: view

No data available for Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C22orf31 Gene

Function for C22orf31 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for C22orf31 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with C22orf31: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials (abm): Clones for C22orf31 - Now 50% OFF >
  • * C22orf31 as ready-to-use vector or virus: ORF | Lenti- | Retro- | Adeno- | AAV- | Protein Vector - Browse All
  • * C22orf31 tags and reporters available: His, HA, Myc, Flag, GFP, RFP, Luciferase - Browse All

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for C22orf31 Gene

Localization for C22orf31 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for C22orf31 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
cytosol 0

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for C22orf31 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for C22orf31 Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for C22orf31 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for C22orf31 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing top 3 STRING interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000216071 O95567-CV031_HUMAN for C22orf31 Gene via STRING IID

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for C22orf31 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for C22orf31 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for C22orf31 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for C22orf31 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for C22orf31 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(10) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for C22orf31 Gene

Chromosome 22 open reading frame 31:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials (abm): Clones for C22orf31 - Now 50% OFF >
  • * C22orf31 as ready-to-use vector or virus: ORF | Lenti- | Retro- | Adeno- | AAV- | Protein Vector - Browse All
  • * C22orf31 tags and reporters available: His, HA, Myc, Flag, GFP, RFP, Luciferase - Browse All

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for C22orf31 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for C22orf31 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for C22orf31 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for C22orf31 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for C22orf31 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x18.3) and Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (x4.9).

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of C22orf31 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for C22orf31 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with C22orf31: view

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for C22orf31 Gene

Orthologs for C22orf31 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for C22orf31 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia C22orf31 35
  • 100 (a)
C22H22orf31 34
  • 99.77 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia C26H22orf31 34
  • 84.2 (n)
C22orf31 35
  • 64 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia C17H22orf31 35 34
  • 83.8 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia C22orf31 35
  • 41 (a)
Species where no ortholog for C22orf31 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • mouse (Mus musculus)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for C22orf31 Gene

Gene Tree for C22orf31 (if available)
Gene Tree for C22orf31 (if available)

Paralogs for C22orf31 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for C22orf31 Gene

Variants for C22orf31 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for C22orf31 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000069822 -- 29,064,907(-) G/A genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000934495 -- 29,064,930(-) T/C genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000983241 -- 29,064,645(-) C/A genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1001102414 -- 29,063,296(-) G/A genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant, upstream_transcript_variant
rs1001239381 -- 29,072,819(-) G/C genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for C22orf31 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3647524 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1064079 CNV gain 25217958

Variation tolerance for C22orf31 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 66.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.71; 73.12% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for C22orf31 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C22orf31 Gene

Disorders for C22orf31 Gene

Additional Disease Information for C22orf31

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for C22orf31 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for C22orf31 Gene

Publications for C22orf31 Gene

  1. A genome annotation-driven approach to cloning the human ORFeome. (PMID: 15461802) Collins JE … Dunham I (Genome biology 2004) 2 3 4 58
  2. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 45 58
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  4. Reevaluating human gene annotation: a second-generation analysis of chromosome 22. (PMID: 12529303) Collins JE … Dunham I (Genome research 2003) 3 4 58
  5. The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22. (PMID: 10591208) Dunham I … O'Brien KP (Nature 1999) 3 4 58

Products for C22orf31 Gene

Sources for C22orf31 Gene

Loading form....