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Aliases for C16orf45 Gene

Aliases for C16orf45 Gene

  • Chromosome 16 Open Reading Frame 45 2 3 5
  • Uncharacterized Protein C16orf45 3
  • Migration Inhibitory Protein 3
  • MINP 3

External Ids for C16orf45 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for C16orf45 Gene

  • GC16P015436
  • GC16P014921

Summaries for C16orf45 Gene

GeneCards Summary for C16orf45 Gene

C16orf45 (Chromosome 16 Open Reading Frame 45) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with C16orf45 include Corneal Dystrophy, Lisch Epithelial.

Additional gene information for C16orf45 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for C16orf45 Gene

Genomics for C16orf45 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for C16orf45 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for C16orf45 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH16J015501 Promoter/Enhancer 1.8 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 660.5 +68.0 68010 2 ATF1 PKNOX1 SIN3A ZNF2 FOS ATF7 KLF13 TSHZ1 ZNF518A ZNF592 C16orf45 MPV17L NPIPA1 LOC105371102 ENSG00000261130
GH16J015433 Promoter/Enhancer 1.8 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 650.7 +0.7 715 2.2 SIN3A RAD21 ZNF335 GLIS2 EGR2 ZNF398 SP1 GLIS1 CEBPA ZNF341 C16orf45 LOC100505915 ENSG00000261130 LOC105371102
GH16J015519 Enhancer 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 35.8 +87.6 87640 4.5 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A SLC30A9 POLR2B ZNF766 E2F8 LOC105371102 C16orf45 MARF1 NDE1 NPIPA2 PIR54531
GH16J015517 Enhancer 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 23.8 +84.3 84338 1.9 HDAC1 YBX3 HDGF ZSCAN4 FEZF1 GLI4 ZNF2 RAD21 TCF12 ARID2 PARN BFAR C16orf45 ENSG00000270734 RPL17P40 LOC105371095 ENSG00000263029 LOC100505915 PKD1P6 RRN3
GH16J014973 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.1 -459.0 -458974 2.8 PKNOX1 CLOCK ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 PDXDC1 ENSG00000183458 PARN LOC100505915 NPIPA2 NPIPA3 ENSG00000270734 LOC105371095 BFAR RRN3
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around C16orf45 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the C16orf45 gene promoter:
  • Egr-3
  • LCR-F1
  • RREB-1
  • HNF-3beta
  • STAT3
  • TBP
  • En-1
  • Cdc5
  • FOXO4
  • AP-1

Genomic Locations for C16orf45 Gene

Genomic Locations for C16orf45 Gene
190,734 bases
Plus strand
190,734 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for C16orf45 Gene

Genes around C16orf45 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
C16orf45 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for C16orf45 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for C16orf45 Gene

Proteins for C16orf45 Gene

  • Protein details for C16orf45 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Uncharacterized protein C16orf45
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O00223
    • O75769
    • Q8IZ36
    • Q96H25

    Protein attributes for C16orf45 Gene

    204 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    23732 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAC31663.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for C16orf45 Gene


neXtProt entry for C16orf45 Gene

Post-translational modifications for C16orf45 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for C16orf45 Gene

Domains & Families for C16orf45 Gene

Gene Families for C16orf45 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for C16orf45 Gene


Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with C16orf45: view

No data available for Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C16orf45 Gene

Function for C16orf45 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for C16orf45 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for C16orf45 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with C16orf45: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with C16orf45: view

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for C16orf45 Gene

Localization for C16orf45 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for C16orf45 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
cytosol 3
extracellular 2
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
peroxisome 2
plasma membrane 1
lysosome 1
endosome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for C16orf45 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0015630 microtubule cytoskeleton IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with C16orf45: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C16orf45 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for C16orf45 Gene

SuperPathways for C16orf45 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for C16orf45 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for C16orf45 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007026 negative regulation of microtubule depolymerization IEA --
GO:0021822 negative regulation of cell motility involved in cerebral cortex radial glia guided migration IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with C16orf45: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for C16orf45 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for C16orf45 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for C16orf45 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for C16orf45 Gene

Unigene Clusters for C16orf45 Gene

Chromosome 16 open reading frame 45:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for C16orf45 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d · 7e ^ 8 ^ 9
SP1: - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - - -

Relevant External Links for C16orf45 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for C16orf45 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for C16orf45 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for C16orf45 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain (36.2), Heart (12.1), Frontal cortex (8.7), and Fetal Brain (8.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for C16orf45 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for C16orf45 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of C16orf45 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for C16orf45 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for C16orf45 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.8)
  • Muscle(4.6)
  • Stomach(4.2)
  • Lung(3)
  • Heart(2.8)
  • Kidney(2.6)
  • Liver(2.6)
  • Gall bladder(2.5)
  • Blood(2.3)
  • Intestine(2.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with C16orf45: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for C16orf45 Gene

Orthologs for C16orf45 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for C16orf45 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia C16ORF45 34
  • 100 (a)
C16H16orf45 33
  • 99.84 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia C16orf45 34
  • 97 (a)
C6H16orf45 33
  • 92.48 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia C16orf45 34
  • 95 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia C25H16orf45 33
  • 93.65 (n)
MGC140681 34
  • 88 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia 2900011O08Rik 16 34 33
  • 91.46 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia RGD1305733 33
  • 91.13 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia C16orf45 34
  • 86 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves C16ORF45 34 33
  • 77.12 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia C16orf45 34
  • 61 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia c16orf45 33
  • 73.1 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii zgc:114175 33
  • 65.58 (n)
C6H16orf45 34
  • 60 (a)
Species where no ortholog for C16orf45 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for C16orf45 Gene

Gene Tree for C16orf45 (if available)
Gene Tree for C16orf45 (if available)

Paralogs for C16orf45 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for C16orf45 Gene

Variants for C16orf45 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for C16orf45 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000024287 -- 15,587,867(+) G/A 3_prime_UTR_variant, intron_variant
rs1000027925 -- 15,528,908(+) G/A intron_variant
rs1000029509 -- 15,493,410(+) A/G genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000036730 -- 15,504,750(+) G/C intron_variant
rs1000036995 -- 15,535,462(+) A/G intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for C16orf45 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv4924n54 CNV gain 21841781
esv2671884 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2678976 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2714015 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2714016 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3638032 CNV gain 21293372
esv3638033 CNV gain 21293372
esv3638034 CNV gain 21293372
esv3638035 CNV loss 21293372
esv3638036 CNV gain 21293372
esv3638037 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1035393 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1040547 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1045440 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1047898 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1049647 CNV gain+loss 25217958
nsv1125134 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv435664 CNV deletion 17901297
nsv457428 CNV gain 19166990
nsv510677 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv827568 CNV loss 20364138
nsv833147 CNV loss 17160897
nsv974766 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv977122 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for C16orf45 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 60.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.96; 19.90% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for C16orf45 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for C16orf45 Gene

Disorders for C16orf45 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for C16orf45 Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
corneal dystrophy, lisch epithelial
  • lecd
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for C16orf45

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with C16orf45: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for C16orf45 Gene

Publications for C16orf45 Gene

  1. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  3. Genome duplications and other features in 12 Mb of DNA sequence from human chromosome 16p and 16q. (PMID: 10493829) Loftus BJ … Adams MD (Genomics 1999) 3 4 58
  4. Architecture of the human interactome defines protein communities and disease networks. (PMID: 28514442) Huttlin EL … Harper JW (Nature 2017) 3 58
  5. RNA-binding activity of TRIM25 is mediated by its PRY/SPRY domain and is required for ubiquitination. (PMID: 29117863) Choudhury NR … Michlewski G (BMC biology 2017) 3 58

Products for C16orf45 Gene

  • Biorbyt antibodies for C16orf45

Sources for C16orf45 Gene

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