Aliases for BECN1 Gene
External Ids for BECN1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BECN1 Gene
This gene encodes a protein that regulates autophagy, a catabolic process of degradation induced by starvation. The encoded protein is a component of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) complex which mediates vesicle-trafficking processes. This protein is thought to play a role in multiple cellular processes, including tumorigenesis, neurodegeneration and apoptosis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
GeneCards Summary for BECN1 Gene
BECN1 (Beclin 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BECN1 include Sphingolipidosis and Huntington Disease. Among its related pathways are Apelin signaling pathway and Pathways of neurodegeneration - multiple diseases. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase binding. An important paralog of this gene is BECN2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for BECN1 Gene
Plays a central role in autophagy (PubMed:23184933, PubMed:28445460). Acts as core subunit of the PI3K complex that mediates formation of phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate; different complex forms are believed to play a role in multiple membrane trafficking pathways: PI3KC3-C1 is involved in initiation of autophagosomes and PI3KC3-C2 in maturation of autophagosomes and endocytosis. Involved in regulation of degradative endocytic trafficking and required for the abcission step in cytokinesis, probably in the context of PI3KC3-C2 (PubMed:20643123, PubMed:20208530, PubMed:26783301). Essential for the formation of PI3KC3-C2 but not PI3KC3-C1 PI3K complex forms. Involved in endocytosis (PubMed:25275521). Protects against infection by a neurovirulent strain of Sindbis virus (PubMed:9765397). May play a role in antiviral host defense.
Beclin-1-C 35 kDa localized to mitochondria can promote apoptosis; it induces the mitochondrial translocation of BAX and the release of proapoptotic factors.