Aliases for BDNF Gene
External Ids for BDNF Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BDNF Gene
This gene encodes a member of the nerve growth factor family of proteins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed to generate the mature protein. Binding of this protein to its cognate receptor promotes neuronal survival in the adult brain. Expression of this gene is reduced in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's disease patients. This gene may play a role in the regulation of the stress response and in the biology of mood disorders. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]
GeneCards Summary for BDNF Gene
BDNF (Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BDNF include Central Hypoventilation Syndrome, Congenital and Wilms Tumor, Aniridia, Genitourinary Anomalies, And Mental Retardation Syndrome. Among its related pathways are ERK Pathway in Huntingtons Disease and Guidance Cues and Growth Cone Motility. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and neurotrophin TRKB receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is NTF3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for BDNF Gene
Important signaling molecule that activates signaling cascades downstream of NTRK2 (PubMed:11152678). During development, promotes the survival and differentiation of selected neuronal populations of the peripheral and central nervous systems. Participates in axonal growth, pathfinding and in the modulation of dendritic growth and morphology. Major regulator of synaptic transmission and plasticity at adult synapses in many regions of the CNS. The versatility of BDNF is emphasized by its contribution to a range of adaptive neuronal responses including long-term potentiation (LTP), long-term depression (LTD), certain forms of short-term synaptic plasticity, as well as homeostatic regulation of intrinsic neuronal excitability.
[BDNF precursor form]: Important signaling molecule that activates signaling cascades downstream of NTRK2. Activates signaling cascades via the heterodimeric receptor formed by NGFR and SORCS2 (PubMed:24908487, PubMed:29909994). Signaling via NGFR and SORCS2 plays a role in synaptic plasticity and long-term depression (LTD). Binding to NGFR and SORCS2 promotes neuronal apoptosis. Promotes neuronal growth cone collapse (By similarity).
Trk (neurotrophin) receptors are single transmembrane catalytic receptors with intracellular tyrosine kinase activity. Trk receptors are coupled to the Ras, Cdc42/Rac/RhoG, MAPK, PI3K and PLCgamma signaling pathways. Four members of the Trk family have been identified.