Aliases for BCL2L11 Gene
External Ids for BCL2L11 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BCL2L11 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the BCL-2 protein family. BCL-2 family members form hetero- or homodimers and act as anti- or pro-apoptotic regulators that are involved in a wide variety of cellular activities. The protein encoded by this gene contains a Bcl-2 homology domain 3 (BH3). It has been shown to interact with other members of the BCL-2 protein family and to act as an apoptotic activator. The expression of this gene can be induced by nerve growth factor (NGF), as well as by the forkhead transcription factor FKHR-L1, which suggests a role of this gene in neuronal and lymphocyte apoptosis. Transgenic studies of the mouse counterpart suggested that this gene functions as an essential initiator of apoptosis in thymocyte-negative selection. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2013]
GeneCards Summary for BCL2L11 Gene
BCL2L11 (BCL2 Like 11) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BCL2L11 include Interleukin-7 Receptor Alpha Deficiency and Spastic Hemiplegia. Among its related pathways are Photodynamic therapy-induced unfolded protein response and 14-3-3 and Regulation of BAD Activity. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include microtubule binding. An important paralog of this gene is MEI1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for BCL2L11 Gene
Induces apoptosis and anoikis. Isoform BimL is more potent than isoform BimEL. Isoform Bim-alpha1, isoform Bim-alpha2 and isoform Bim-alpha3 induce apoptosis, although less potent than isoform BimEL, isoform BimL and isoform BimS. Isoform Bim-gamma induces apoptosis. Isoform Bim-alpha3 induces apoptosis possibly through a caspase-mediated pathway. Isoform BimAC and isoform BimABC lack the ability to induce apoptosis.
Bcl-2 family proteins contribute to programmed cell death or apoptosis. It is a large protein family and all members contain at least one of four Bcl-2 homology domains. Certain members (Bcl-2, Bcl-XL and Mcl-1) are antiapoptotic, whilst others (Bax, Bak, Bok) are proapoptotic.