Aliases for BCL2L1 Gene
External Ids for BCL2L1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BCL2L1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the BCL-2 protein family. BCL-2 family members form hetero- or homodimers and act as anti- or pro-apoptotic regulators that are involved in a wide variety of cellular activities. The proteins encoded by this gene are located at the outer mitochondrial membrane, and have been shown to regulate outer mitochondrial membrane channel (VDAC) opening. VDAC regulates mitochondrial membrane potential, and thus controls the production of reactive oxygen species and release of cytochrome C by mitochondria, both of which are the potent inducers of cell apoptosis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding two different isoforms. The longer isoform acts as an apoptotic inhibitor and the shorter isoform acts as an apoptotic activator. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]
GeneCards Summary for BCL2L1 Gene
BCL2L1 (BCL2 Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BCL2L1 include Absolute Glaucoma and Tongue Carcinoma. Among its related pathways are Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling and Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine rich repeat containing receptor (NLR) signaling pathways. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is BCL2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for BCL2L1 Gene
Potent inhibitor of cell death. Inhibits activation of caspases. Appears to regulate cell death by blocking the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) by binding to it and preventing the release of the caspase activator, CYC1, from the mitochondrial membrane. Also acts as a regulator of G2 checkpoint and progression to cytokinesis during mitosis.
Isoform Bcl-X(L) also regulates presynaptic plasticity, including neurotransmitter release and recovery, number of axonal mitochondria as well as size and number of synaptic vesicle clusters. During synaptic stimulation, increases ATP availability from mitochondria through regulation of mitochondrial membrane ATP synthase F(1)F(0) activity and regulates endocytic vesicle retrieval in hippocampal neurons through association with DMN1L and stimulation of its GTPase activity in synaptic vesicles. May attenuate inflammation impairing NLRP1-inflammasome activation, hence CASP1 activation and IL1B release (PubMed:17418785).
Isoform Bcl-X(S) promotes apoptosis.
Bcl-2 family proteins contribute to programmed cell death or apoptosis. It is a large protein family and all members contain at least one of four Bcl-2 homology domains. Certain members (Bcl-2, Bcl-XL and Mcl-1) are antiapoptotic, whilst others (Bax, Bak, Bok) are proapoptotic.