Aliases for BCDIN3D Gene
External Ids for BCDIN3D Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BCDIN3D Gene
This gene encodes an RNA methyltransferase which belongs to the rossmann fold methyltransferase family, and serves as a 5'-methylphosphate capping enzyme that is specific for cytoplasmic histidyl tRNA. The encoded protein contains an S-adenosylmethionine binding domain and uses the methyl group donor, S-adenosylmethionine. This gene is overexpressed in breast cancer cells, and is related to the tumorigenic phenotype and poor prognosis of breast cancer. The encoded protein is thought to promote the cellular invasion of breast cancer cells, by downregulating the expression of tumor suppressor miRNAs through the dimethylation of the 5-monophosphate of the corresponding precursor miRNAs. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2017]
GeneCards Summary for BCDIN3D Gene
BCDIN3D (BCDIN3 Domain Containing RNA Methyltransferase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BCDIN3D include Ectrodactyly, Ectodermal Dysplasia, And Cleft Lip/Palate Syndrome 1. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include methyltransferase activity and RNA methyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MEPCE.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for BCDIN3D Gene
O-methyltransferase that specifically monomethylates 5'-monophosphate of cytoplasmic histidyl tRNA (tRNA(His)), acting as a capping enzyme by protecting tRNA(His) from cleavage by DICER1 (PubMed:28119416, PubMed:31329584, PubMed:31919512). Also able, with less efficiently, to methylate the 5' monophosphate of a subset of pre-miRNAs, acting as a negative regulator of miRNA processing (PubMed:23063121, PubMed:28119416). The 5' monophosphate of pre-miRNAs is recognized by DICER1 and is required for pre-miRNAs processing: methylation at this position reduces the processing of pre-miRNAs by DICER1 (PubMed:23063121). Was also reported to mediate dimethylation of pre-miR-145; however dimethylation cannot be reproduced by another group which observes a monomethylation of pre-miR-145 (PubMed:23063121, PubMed:28119416).