Aliases for BAX Gene
External Ids for BAX Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BAX Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the BCL2 protein family. BCL2 family members form hetero- or homodimers and act as anti- or pro-apoptotic regulators that are involved in a wide variety of cellular activities. This protein forms a heterodimer with BCL2, and functions as an apoptotic activator. The association and the ratio of BAX to BCL2 also determines survival or death of a cell following an apoptotic stimulus. This protein is reported to interact with, and increase the opening of, the mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC), which leads to the loss in membrane potential and the release of cytochrome c. The expression of this gene is regulated by the tumor suppressor P53 and has been shown to be involved in P53-mediated apoptosis. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants, which encode different isoforms, have been reported for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2019]
GeneCards Summary for BAX Gene
BAX (BCL2 Associated X, Apoptosis Regulator) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with BAX include T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Colorectal Cancer. Among its related pathways are Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling and Transcriptional misregulation in cancer. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is BOK.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for BAX Gene
Plays a role in the mitochondrial apoptotic process. Under normal conditions, BAX is largely cytosolic via constant retrotranslocation from mitochondria to the cytosol mediated by BCL2L1/Bcl-xL, which avoids accumulation of toxic BAX levels at the mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) (PubMed:21458670). Under stress conditions, undergoes a conformation change that causes translocation to the mitochondrion membrane, leading to the release of cytochrome c that then triggers apoptosis. Promotes activation of CASP3, and thereby apoptosis.
Bcl-2 family proteins contribute to programmed cell death or apoptosis. It is a large protein family and all members contain at least one of four Bcl-2 homology domains. Certain members (Bcl-2, Bcl-XL and Mcl-1) are antiapoptotic, whilst others (Bax, Bak, Bok) are proapoptotic.