Aliases for BARHL2 Gene

Aliases for BARHL2 Gene

  • BarH Like Homeobox 2 2 3 5
  • BarH-Like 2 Homeobox Protein 3 4
  • BarH (Drosophila)-Like 2 2
  • BarH-Like Homeobox 2 2

External Ids for BARHL2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for BARHL2 Gene

  • GC01U990337
  • GC01M090353
  • GC01M090514
  • GC01M090889
  • GC01M091177
  • GC01M089296

Summaries for BARHL2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for BARHL2 Gene

BARHL2 (BarH Like Homeobox 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and proximal promoter DNA-binding transcription activator activity, RNA polymerase II-specific. An important paralog of this gene is BARHL1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for BARHL2 Gene

Additional gene information for BARHL2 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for BARHL2 Gene

Genomics for BARHL2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for BARHL2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for BARHL2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH01J090717 Promoter/Enhancer 1.2 FANTOM5 Ensembl 806.8 -1.0 -977 1 ZBTB6 CTBP1 ZNF362 SP1 ZNF280D ZNF384 SP7 PRDM1 GMEB1 GLIS2 BARHL2 ENSG00000287076 lnc-ZNF326-6
GH01J090957 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.7 -242.4 -242399 9 CREB1 HLF SP1 CEBPG PRDM1 TRIM24 ZNF644 KAT8 CEBPA RXRA BARHL2 ZNF644 piR-58852-003 RF00017-263 lnc-BARHL2-5
GH01J090828 Enhancer 0.4 UCNEbase 10.9 -111.7 -111667 0.4 DACH1 BARHL2 LINC01763 RF00104-001 LINC02609
GH01J090759 Enhancer 0.3 UCNEbase 11.7 -42.4 -42417 0.4 BARHL2 ENSG00000287076 RF00104-001
GH01J090965 Enhancer 0.3 Ensembl 10.7 -247.9 -247899 0.4 HLF CTCF BARHL2 piR-58852-003 RF00017-263 ZNF644 lnc-BARHL2-5
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around BARHL2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the BARHL2 gene promoter:
  • E2F
  • E2F-1
  • E2F-2
  • E2F-3a
  • E2F-4
  • E2F-5
  • NRSF form 1
  • NRSF form 2

Genomic Locations for BARHL2 Gene

Genomic Locations for BARHL2 Gene
5,764 bases
Minus strand
5,699 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for BARHL2 Gene

Genes around BARHL2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
BARHL2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for BARHL2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for BARHL2 Gene

Proteins for BARHL2 Gene

  • Protein details for BARHL2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    BarH-like 2 homeobox protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0AVP2
    • Q7Z4N7

    Protein attributes for BARHL2 Gene

    387 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    41981 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for BARHL2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for BARHL2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for BARHL2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for BARHL2 Gene

Domains & Families for BARHL2 Gene

Gene Families for BARHL2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Transcription factors

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for BARHL2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • BarH-like 2 homeobox protein (BARH2_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the BAR homeobox family.
  • Belongs to the BAR homeobox family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with BARHL2: view

Function for BARHL2 Gene

Molecular function for BARHL2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Potential regulator of neural basic helix-loop-helix genes.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for BARHL2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for BARHL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000977 RNA polymerase II regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding IBA 21873635
GO:0000981 DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific NAS 19274049
GO:0001228 DNA-binding transcription activator activity, RNA polymerase II-specific IBA,IEA 21873635
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0003700 DNA-binding transcription factor activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BARHL2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with BARHL2: view

Animal Models for BARHL2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for BARHL2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for BARHL2

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for BARHL2 Gene

Localization for BARHL2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BARHL2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for BARHL2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for BARHL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IBA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BARHL2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for BARHL2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for BARHL2 Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for BARHL2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for BARHL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001709 cell fate determination IEA --
GO:0001764 neuron migration IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IBA,IEA 21873635
GO:0007399 nervous system development IEA,IBA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with BARHL2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for BARHL2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for BARHL2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for BARHL2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for BARHL2 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(3) Additional mRNA sequences :
(2) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for BARHL2

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for BARHL2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for BARHL2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for BARHL2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for BARHL2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for BARHL2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (x25.1) and Brain - Cerebellum (x24.3).

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of BARHL2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for BARHL2 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for BARHL2 Gene

  • Nervous system(2.8)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with BARHL2: view

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for BARHL2 Gene

Orthologs for BARHL2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for BARHL2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia BARHL2 33 32
  • 97.42 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia BARHL2 33 32
  • 92.69 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia BARHL2 33 32
  • 90.44 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Barhl2 32
  • 89.41 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Barhl2 17 33 32
  • 88.98 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia BARHL2 33
  • 87 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia BARHL2 33
  • 84 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 33
  • 64 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia barhl2 32
  • 75.05 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia LOC398182 32
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii barhl2 33 32
  • 71.99 (n)
Dr.16934 32
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG11085 33
  • 25 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ceh-30 33
  • 35 (a)
ceh-31 33
  • 31 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 33
  • 41 (a)
Species where no ortholog for BARHL2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for BARHL2 Gene

Gene Tree for BARHL2 (if available)
Gene Tree for BARHL2 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for BARHL2: view image

Paralogs for BARHL2 Gene

Paralogs for BARHL2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for BARHL2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with BARHL2: view

Variants for BARHL2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for BARHL2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000039509 -- 90,711,931(-) T/C 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1000559086 -- 90,711,787(-) T/C 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1001097037 -- 90,715,329(-) T/C intron_variant
rs1001159235 -- 90,712,838(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1001444998 -- 90,713,080(-) G/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for BARHL2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv950204 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for BARHL2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 37.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.26; 25.20% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for BARHL2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BARHL2 Gene

Disorders for BARHL2 Gene

Additional Disease Information for BARHL2

No disorders were found for BARHL2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for BARHL2 Gene

Publications for BARHL2 Gene

  1. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 56
  2. Role of the Barhl2 homeobox gene in the specification of glycinergic amacrine cells. (PMID: 14998930) Mo Z … Xiang M (Development (Cambridge, England) 2004) 2 3 56
  3. Barhl1, a gene belonging to a new subfamily of mammalian homeobox genes, is expressed in migrating neurons of the CNS. (PMID: 10814725) Bulfone A … Banfi S (Human molecular genetics 2000) 3 4 56
  4. A proteome-scale map of the human interactome network. (PMID: 25416956) Rolland T … Vidal M (Cell 2014) 3 56
  5. Genome-wide association study of lung function decline in adults with and without asthma. (PMID: 22424883) Imboden M … Probst-Hensch NM (The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 2012) 43 56

Products for BARHL2 Gene

Sources for BARHL2 Gene