Aliases for B2M Gene
External Ids for B2M Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for B2M Gene
This gene encodes a serum protein found in association with the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I heavy chain on the surface of nearly all nucleated cells. The protein has a predominantly beta-pleated sheet structure that can form amyloid fibrils in some pathological conditions. The encoded antimicrobial protein displays antibacterial activity in amniotic fluid. A mutation in this gene has been shown to result in hypercatabolic hypoproteinemia.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2014]
GeneCards Summary for B2M Gene
B2M (Beta-2-Microglobulin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with B2M include Immunodeficiency 43 and Amyloidosis, Familial Visceral. Among its related pathways are Antigen processing-Cross presentation and Interferon gamma signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is HLA-DPA1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for B2M Gene
Component of the class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Involved in the presentation of peptide antigens to the immune system. Exogenously applied M.tuberculosis EsxA or EsxA-EsxB (or EsxA expressed in host) binds B2M and decreases its export to the cell surface (total protein levels do not change), probably leading to defects in class I antigen presentation (PubMed:25356553).