Aliases for ATP8A1 Gene
External Ids for ATP8A1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ATP8A1 Gene
The P-type adenosinetriphosphatases (P-type ATPases) are a family of proteins which use the free energy of ATP hydrolysis to drive uphill transport of ions across membranes. Several subfamilies of P-type ATPases have been identified. One subfamily catalyzes transport of heavy metal ions. Another subfamily transports non-heavy metal ions (NMHI). The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the third subfamily of P-type ATPases and acts to transport amphipaths, such as phosphatidylserine. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ATP8A1 Gene
ATP8A1 (ATPase Phospholipid Transporting 8A1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ATP8A1 include Cerebellar Ataxia, Mental Retardation And Dysequlibrium Syndrome and Intrahepatic Cholestasis. Among its related pathways are Cardiac conduction and Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleotide binding and cation-transporting ATPase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ATP8A2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATP8A1 Gene
Catalytic component of a P4-ATPase flippase complex which catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP coupled to the transport of aminophospholipids from the outer to the inner leaflet of various membranes and ensures the maintenance of asymmetric distribution of phospholipids. Phospholipid translocation seems also to be implicated in vesicle formation and in uptake of lipid signaling molecules. In vitro, its ATPase activity is selectively and stereospecifically stimulated by phosphatidylserine (PS). The flippase complex ATP8A1:TMEM30A seems to play a role in regulation of cell migration probably involving flippase-mediated translocation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) at the plasma membrane. Acts as aminophospholipid translocase at the plasma membrane in neuronal cells.