Aliases for ATP5PD Gene
- ATP Synthase Peripheral Stalk Subunit D 2 3 4 5
- ATP Synthase, H+ Transporting, Mitochondrial F0 Complex, Subunit D 2 3
- ATP Synthase, H+ Transporting, Mitochondrial Fo Complex, Subunit D 2 3
- ATP Synthase, H+ Transporting, Mitochondrial Fo Complex Subunit D 2 3
- ATP Synthase Subunit D, Mitochondrial 3 4
- ATPase Subunit D 3 4
- ATP5H 3 4
External Ids for ATP5PD Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ATP5PD Gene
Mitochondrial ATP synthase catalyzes ATP synthesis, utilizing an electrochemical gradient of protons across the inner membrane during oxidative phosphorylation. It is composed of two linked multi-subunit complexes: the soluble catalytic core, F1, and the membrane-spanning component, Fo, which comprises the proton channel. The F1 complex consists of 5 different subunits (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and epsilon) assembled in a ratio of 3 alpha, 3 beta, and a single representative of the other 3. The Fo seems to have nine subunits (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, F6 and 8). This gene encodes the d subunit of the Fo complex. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified for this gene. In addition, three pseudogenes are located on chromosomes 9, 12 and 15. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2010]
GeneCards Summary for ATP5PD Gene
ATP5PD (ATP Synthase Peripheral Stalk Subunit D) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ATP5PD include Dystonia 11, Myoclonic and Alzheimer Disease. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins. and Parkinson disease.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ATP5PD Gene
Mitochondrial membrane ATP synthase (F(1)F(0) ATP synthase or Complex V) produces ATP from ADP in the presence of a proton gradient across the membrane which is generated by electron transport complexes of the respiratory chain. F-type ATPases consist of two structural domains, F(1) - containing the extramembraneous catalytic core, and F(0) - containing the membrane proton channel, linked together by a central stalk and a peripheral stalk. During catalysis, ATP synthesis in the catalytic domain of F(1) is coupled via a rotary mechanism of the central stalk subunits to proton translocation. Part of the complex F(0) domain and the peripheric stalk, which acts as a stator to hold the catalytic alpha(3)beta(3) subcomplex and subunit a/ATP6 static relative to the rotary elements.