Autophagy is the process by which endogenous proteins and damaged organelles are destroyed intracellularly. Autophagy is postulated to be essential for cell homeostasis and cell remodeling during differentiation, metamorphosis, non-apoptotic cell death, and aging. Reduced levels of autophagy have been described in some malignant tumors, and a role for autophagy in controlling t... See more...

Aliases for ATG4B Gene

Aliases for ATG4B Gene

  • Autophagy Related 4B Cysteine Peptidase 2 3 5
  • AUTL1 2 3 4
  • Autophagy-Related Cysteine Endopeptidase 1 3 4
  • Autophagy-Related Protein 4 Homolog B 3 4
  • AUT-Like 1 Cysteine Endopeptidase 3 4
  • Cysteine Protease ATG4B 3 4
  • Autophagin-1 3 4
  • KIAA0943 2 4
  • HAPG4B 3 4
  • APG4B 3 4
  • ATG4 Autophagy Related 4 Homolog B (S. Cerevisiae) 2
  • APG4 Autophagy 4 Homolog B (S. Cerevisiae) 2
  • Autophagy Related 4B, Cysteine Peptidase 2
  • ATG4 Autophagy Related 4 Homolog B 3
  • APG4 Autophagy 4 Homolog B 3
  • DKFZp586D1822 2
  • EC 3.4.22.- 4
  • EC 3.4.22 51
  • ATG4B 5
  • Apg4B 2

External Ids for ATG4B Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for ATG4B Gene

  • APG4B

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ATG4B Gene

  • GC02P242297
  • GC02P242225
  • GC02P242578
  • GC02P234345

Summaries for ATG4B Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ATG4B Gene

  • Autophagy is the process by which endogenous proteins and damaged organelles are destroyed intracellularly. Autophagy is postulated to be essential for cell homeostasis and cell remodeling during differentiation, metamorphosis, non-apoptotic cell death, and aging. Reduced levels of autophagy have been described in some malignant tumors, and a role for autophagy in controlling the unregulated cell growth linked to cancer has been proposed. This gene encodes a member of the autophagin protein family. The encoded protein is also designated as a member of the C-54 family of cysteine proteases. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ATG4B Gene

ATG4B (Autophagy Related 4B Cysteine Peptidase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ATG4B include Machado-Joseph Disease. Among its related pathways are Macroautophagy and Autophagy Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include peptidase activity and cysteine-type peptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ATG4A.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ATG4B Gene

  • Cysteine protease required for the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy. Cleaves the C-terminal amino acid of ATG8 family proteins MAP1LC3, GABARAPL1, GABARAPL2 and GABARAP, to reveal a C-terminal glycine. Exposure of the glycine at the C-terminus is essential for ATG8 proteins conjugation to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and insertion to membranes, which is necessary for autophagy. Has also an activity of delipidating enzyme for the PE-conjugated forms.

Gene Wiki entry for ATG4B Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for ATG4B Gene

Genomics for ATG4B Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for ATG4B Gene
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around ATG4B on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for ATG4B

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the ATG4B gene promoter:
  • aMEF-2
  • E2F
  • E2F-1
  • GATA-1
  • HOXA5
  • MEF-2A
  • Pax-6
  • RORalpha1
  • SRY
  • YY1

Genomic Locations for ATG4B Gene

Latest Assembly
chr2:241,637,213-241,673,857
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
36,645 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Previous Assembly
chr2:242,577,108-242,613,272
(GRCh37/hg19 by Entrez Gene)
Size:
36,165 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

chr2:242,576,628-242,613,272
(GRCh37/hg19 by Ensembl)
Size:
36,645 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for ATG4B Gene

Genes around ATG4B on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ATG4B Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ATG4B Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ATG4B Gene

Proteins for ATG4B Gene

  • Protein details for ATG4B Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9Y4P1-ATG4B_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Cysteine protease ATG4B
    Protein Accession:
    Q9Y4P1
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B7WNK2
    • Q53NU4
    • Q6ZUV8
    • Q8WYM9
    • Q96K07
    • Q96K96
    • Q96SZ1
    • Q9Y2F2

    Protein attributes for ATG4B Gene

    Size:
    393 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    44294 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAA76787.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Extended N-terminus.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAC86110.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Extended N-terminus.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ATG4B Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for ATG4B Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for ATG4B Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for ATG4B Gene

Q9Y4P1:
  • EDFEILS
  • RFFDSEDE
  • LDPHTTQ
  • GPNTVAQVL
  • GWGCMLRCGQM
  • AVHIAMDNTVV
  • DPSIAVGFFC
  • RLWFTYR
  • AQMGVGEGK

Post-translational modifications for ATG4B Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for ATG4B Gene

Gene Families for ATG4B Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Transporters

Protein Domains for ATG4B Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ATG4B Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Autophagy-related protein 4 homolog B (ATG4B_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9Y4P1

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ATG4B_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the peptidase C54 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the peptidase C54 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ATG4B: view

Function for ATG4B Gene

Molecular function for ATG4B Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Cysteine protease required for the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy. Cleaves the C-terminal amino acid of ATG8 family proteins MAP1LC3, GABARAPL1, GABARAPL2 and GABARAP, to reveal a C-terminal glycine. Exposure of the glycine at the C-terminus is essential for ATG8 proteins conjugation to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and insertion to membranes, which is necessary for autophagy. Has also an activity of delipidating enzyme for the PE-conjugated forms.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=5.1 uM for MAP1LC3B {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21177865, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22302004}; KM=5.8 uM for GABARAP {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21177865, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22302004}; KM=4.4 uM for GABARAPL1 {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21177865, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22302004}; KM=6.1 uM for GABARAPL2 {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21177865, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22302004};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Inhibited by N-ethylmaleimide. Redox-regulated during autophagy since reducing conditions activate ATG4A whereas an oxidizing environment such as the presence of H(2)O(2) inhibits its activity.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ATG4B Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for ATG4B Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ATG4B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004175 endopeptidase activity IDA 18387192
GO:0004197 cysteine-type endopeptidase activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15187094
GO:0008233 peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0008234 cysteine-type peptidase activity IEA,IDA 15169837
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ATG4B: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ATG4B: view

Animal Models for ATG4B Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ATG4B:
  • Atg4b Atg4b<tm1b(EUCOMM)Hmgu>

Animal Models for research

miRNA for ATG4B Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ATG4B

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for ATG4B

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ATG4B Gene

Localization for ATG4B Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATG4B Gene

Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ATG4B gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
lysosome 3
plasma membrane 2
extracellular 2
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
peroxisome 2
nucleus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
endosome 2
golgi apparatus 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ATG4B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ATG4B: view

Pathways & Interactions for ATG4B Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ATG4B: view

Pathways by source for ATG4B Gene

1 Sino Biological pathway for ATG4B Gene
2 Reactome pathways for ATG4B Gene
2 KEGG pathways for ATG4B Gene
1 GeneTex pathway for ATG4B Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for ATG4B Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ATG4B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis IEA,IDA 15169837
GO:0006914 autophagy IEA,IDA 18387192
GO:0015031 protein transport IEA --
GO:0016236 macroautophagy TAS --
GO:0045732 positive regulation of protein catabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ATG4B: view

Drugs & Compounds for ATG4B Gene

(8) Drugs for ATG4B Gene - From: ApexBio

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Nimodipine Approved, Investigational Pharma Ca2+ channel blocker (L-type) 43
Omeprazole Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Pharma H+,K+-ATPase inhibitor 452
Nocodazole Experimental Pharma Tubulin production inhibitor,anti-neoplastic agent, Microtubule inhibitor 0
Chloroquine diphosphate Pharma Antimalarial drug 222
Dexamethasone (DHAP) Pharma Glucocorticoidan;ti-inflammatory 0

(8) ApexBio Compounds for ATG4B Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Chloroquine diphosphate Antimalarial drug 50-63-5
Dexamethasone (DHAP) Glucocorticoidan;ti-inflammatory 1950-02-2
Divalproex Sodium Epilepsy/migraines/bipolar disorder medicine 76584-70-8
Nimodipine 66085-59-4
Nocodazole Tubulin production inhibitor,anti-neoplastic agent 31430-18-9
Omeprazole H+,K+-ATPase inhibitor 73590-58-6
Sulfacetamide Sodium Sulfonamide antibiotic 127-56-0
Trifluoperazine 2HCl 440-17-5
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ATG4B: view

Drug products for research

Transcripts for ATG4B Gene

mRNA/cDNA for ATG4B Gene

2 REFSEQ mRNAs :
17 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
26 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for ATG4B

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ATG4B Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b · 11c ^ 12a · 12b ^
SP1: - - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - -
SP6: - - - - - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - - - - - - - -
SP8: - - -
SP9: - - - -
SP10: - - - -
SP11: - - -
SP12: - - -
SP13: - -
SP14: -
SP15: -
SP16:

ExUns: 13a · 13b · 13c · 13d · 13e ^ 14a · 14b · 14c
SP1: - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: -
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:
SP14: - - -
SP15:
SP16:

Relevant External Links for ATG4B Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ATG4B

Expression for ATG4B Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for ATG4B Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ATG4B Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (14.2), Monocytes (9.9), and Testis (7.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for ATG4B Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for ATG4B Gene

- Elite partner

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for ATG4B

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ATG4B Gene:

Hs.283610

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ATG4B Gene:

Q9Y4P1-ATG4B_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Mainly expressed in the skeletal muscle, followed by brain, heart, liver and pancreas.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ATG4B Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Liver(4.5)
  • Lung(2.9)
  • Intestine(2.7)
  • Muscle(2.6)
  • Skin(2.5)
  • Heart(2.5)
  • Blood(2.4)
  • Kidney(2.4)
  • Spleen(2.3)
  • Lymph node(2.3)
  • Bone marrow(2.2)
  • Pancreas(2.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ATG4B: view

Primer products for research

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ATG4B Gene

Orthologs for ATG4B Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for ATG4B Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
Chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ATG4B 30 31
  • 99.24 (n)
OneToOne
Dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ATG4B 30 31
  • 89.32 (n)
OneToOne
Oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ATG4B 31
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
Mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Atg4b 30 17 31
  • 87.62 (n)
OneToOne
Platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ATG4B 31
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
Rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Atg4b 30
  • 85.86 (n)
Cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ATG4B 30 31
  • 85.58 (n)
OneToOne
Chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ATG4B 30 31
  • 78.49 (n)
OneToOne
Lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ATG4B 31
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia atg4b 30
  • 71.61 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.14362 30
Zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii atg4b 30 31
  • 69.64 (n)
OneToOne
Rainbow Trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.12299 30
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Atg4 31
  • 39 (a)
OneToMany
Worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea atg-4.1 31
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
Baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ATG4 31
  • 20 (a)
OneToMany
Bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU02433 30
  • 47.73 (n)
Sea Squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.2997 31
  • 45 (a)
OneToMany
Fission Yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes atg4 30
  • 44.31 (n)
Sea Vase
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.881 30
Species where no ortholog for ATG4B was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. Lactis Yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Soybean (Glycine max)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ATG4B Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ATG4B (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ATG4B (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for ATG4B: view image

Paralogs for ATG4B Gene

Paralogs for ATG4B Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for ATG4B Gene using alignment to 11 proteins:

  • ATG4B_HUMAN
  • C9J1C1_HUMAN
  • C9J3C0_HUMAN
  • C9JIK8_HUMAN
  • C9JQ72_HUMAN
  • C9JVD5_HUMAN
  • F2Z2K8_HUMAN
  • F5H7P2_HUMAN
  • F8WD71_HUMAN
  • H0Y2Y0_HUMAN
  • H7C2A6_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ATG4B: view

Variants for ATG4B Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for ATG4B Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 02 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs111430905 Benign: not provided 241,651,116(+) C/T
NM_013325.5(ATG4B):c.112+5C>T
INTRON
rs7601000 - p.Leu354Gln

dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for variants without ClinVar clinical significance for ATG4B Gene

All consequence types are included: molecular consequences (e.g. missense, synonymous), and location-based (e.g. intron, upstream).

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ATG4B Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv165e55 CNV loss 17911159
esv2722014 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2722015 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2722016 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3561314 CNV deletion 23714750
nsv1118902 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1136494 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1142413 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv508901 CNV insertion 20534489
nsv584974 CNV gain 21841781

Variation tolerance for ATG4B Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 80.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.55; 64.93% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for ATG4B Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
ATG4B

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assays for research

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ATG4B Gene

Disorders for ATG4B Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for ATG4B Gene - From: COP and GCD

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
machado-joseph disease
  • mjd
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search ATG4B in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for ATG4B

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ATG4B: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ATG4B Gene

Publications for ATG4B Gene

  1. HsAtg4B/HsApg4B/autophagin-1 cleaves the carboxyl termini of three human Atg8 homologues and delipidates microtubule-associated protein light chain 3- and GABAA receptor-associated protein-phospholipid conjugates. (PMID: 15187094) Tanida I … Kominami E (The Journal of biological chemistry 2004) 3 4 23
  2. Human autophagins, a family of cysteine proteinases potentially implicated in cell degradation by autophagy. (PMID: 12446702) Mariño G … López-Otín C (The Journal of biological chemistry 2003) 2 4 23
  3. Kinetics comparisons of mammalian Atg4 homologues indicate selective preferences toward diverse Atg8 substrates. (PMID: 21177865) Li M … Yin XM (The Journal of biological chemistry 2011) 3 4
  4. The structure of Atg4B-LC3 complex reveals the mechanism of LC3 processing and delipidation during autophagy. (PMID: 19322194) Satoo K … Inagaki F (The EMBO journal 2009) 3 4
  5. Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks. (PMID: 17081983) Olsen JV … Mann M (Cell 2006) 3 4

Products for ATG4B Gene

Sources for ATG4B Gene