Aliases for ATF6 Gene
External Ids for ATF6 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ATF6 Gene
This gene encodes a transcription factor that activates target genes for the unfolded protein response (UPR) during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Although it is a transcription factor, this protein is unusual in that it is synthesized as a transmembrane protein that is embedded in the ER. It functions as an ER stress sensor/transducer, and following ER stress-induced proteolysis, it functions as a nuclear transcription factor via a cis-acting ER stress response element (ERSE) that is present in the promoters of genes encoding ER chaperones. This protein has been identified as a survival factor for quiescent but not proliferative squamous carcinoma cells. There have been conflicting reports about the association of polymorphisms in this gene with diabetes in different populations, but another polymorphism has been associated with increased plasma cholesterol levels. This gene is also thought to be a potential therapeutic target for cystic fibrosis. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]
GeneCards Summary for ATF6 Gene
ATF6 (Activating Transcription Factor 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ATF6 include Achromatopsia 7 and Achromatopsia. Among its related pathways are Pathways of neurodegeneration - multiple diseases and Ceramide Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is ATF6B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ATF6 Gene
[Cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-6 alpha]: Precursor of the transcription factor form (Processed cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-6 alpha), which is embedded in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane (PubMed:10564271, PubMed:11158310, PubMed:11779464). Endoplasmic reticulum stress promotes processing of this form, releasing the transcription factor form that translocates into the nucleus, where it activates transcription of genes involved in the unfolded protein response (UPR) (PubMed:10564271, PubMed:11158310, PubMed:11779464).
[Processed cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-6 alpha]: Transcription factor that initiates the unfolded protein response (UPR) during endoplasmic reticulum stress by activating transcription of genes involved in the UPR (PubMed:10564271, PubMed:11163209, PubMed:11158310, PubMed:11779464). Binds DNA on the 5'-CCAC[GA]-3'half of the ER stress response element (ERSE) (5'-CCAAT-N(9)-CCAC[GA]-3') and of ERSE II (5'-ATTGG-N-CCACG-3') (PubMed:10564271, PubMed:11158310, PubMed:11779464). Binding to ERSE requires binding of NF-Y to ERSE. Could also be involved in activation of transcription by the serum response factor (PubMed:10564271, PubMed:11158310, PubMed:11779464). May play a role in foveal development and cone function in the retina (PubMed:26029869).