Aliases for ASPH Gene
External Ids for ASPH Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ASPH Gene
This gene is thought to play an important role in calcium homeostasis. The gene is expressed from two promoters and undergoes extensive alternative splicing. The encoded set of proteins share varying amounts of overlap near their N-termini but have substantial variations in their C-terminal domains resulting in distinct functional properties. The longest isoforms (a and f) include a C-terminal Aspartyl/Asparaginyl beta-hydroxylase domain that hydroxylates aspartic acid or asparagine residues in the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domains of some proteins, including protein C, coagulation factors VII, IX, and X, and the complement factors C1R and C1S. Other isoforms differ primarily in the C-terminal sequence and lack the hydroxylase domain, and some have been localized to the endoplasmic and sarcoplasmic reticulum. Some of these isoforms are found in complexes with calsequestrin, triadin, and the ryanodine receptor, and have been shown to regulate calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Some isoforms have been implicated in metastasis. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
GeneCards Summary for ASPH Gene
ASPH (Aspartate Beta-Hydroxylase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ASPH include Facial Dysmorphism, Lens Dislocation, Anterior Segment Abnormalities, And Spontaneous Filtering Blebs and Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia. Among its related pathways are Cardiac muscle contraction and Calcium signaling pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and ion channel binding. An important paralog of this gene is ASPHD2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ASPH Gene
[Isoform 1]: specifically hydroxylates an Asp or Asn residue in certain epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) domains of a number of proteins.
[Isoform 8]: membrane-bound Ca(2+)-sensing protein, which is a structural component of the ER-plasma membrane junctions. Isoform 8 regulates the activity of Ca(+2) released-activated Ca(+2) (CRAC) channels in T-cells.