The protein encoded by this gene is involved in the synthesis of asparagine. This gene complements a mutation in the temperature-sensitive hamster mutant ts11, which blocks progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle at nonpermissive temperature. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010] See more...

Aliases for ASNS Gene

Aliases for ASNS Gene

  • Asparagine Synthetase (Glutamine-Hydrolyzing) 2 3 5
  • Asparagine Synthetase [Glutamine-Hydrolyzing] 3 4
  • Glutamine-Dependent Asparagine Synthetase 3 4
  • EC 6.3.5.4 4 50
  • TS11 3 4
  • TS11 Cell Cycle Control Protein 3
  • Cell Cycle Control Protein TS11 4
  • Asparagine Synthetase 2
  • ASNSD 3
  • ASNS 5

External Ids for ASNS Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ASNS Gene

  • GC07M096016
  • GC07M097079
  • GC07M097093
  • GC07M097126
  • GC07M097319
  • GC07M097481
  • GC07M092082

Summaries for ASNS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ASNS Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is involved in the synthesis of asparagine. This gene complements a mutation in the temperature-sensitive hamster mutant ts11, which blocks progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle at nonpermissive temperature. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

CIViC Summary for ASNS Gene

GeneCards Summary for ASNS Gene

ASNS (Asparagine Synthetase (Glutamine-Hydrolyzing)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ASNS include Asparagine Synthetase Deficiency and Neuronal Migration Disorders. Among its related pathways are PERK regulates gene expression and Carbon metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and asparagine synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity. An important paralog of this gene is ASNSD1.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for ASNS Gene

Genomics for ASNS Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for ASNS Gene
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around ASNS on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for ASNS

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the ASNS gene promoter:
  • AML1a

Genomic Locations for ASNS Gene

Latest Assembly
chr7:97,851,677-97,928,441
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
76,765 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Previous Assembly
chr7:97,480,989-97,557,753
(GRCh37/hg19 by Entrez Gene)
Size:
76,765 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

chr7:97,481,430-97,501,854
(GRCh37/hg19 by Ensembl)
Size:
20,425 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for ASNS Gene

Genes around ASNS on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ASNS Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ASNS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ASNS Gene

Proteins for ASNS Gene

  • Protein details for ASNS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P08243-ASNS_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Asparagine synthetase [glutamine-hydrolyzing]
    Protein Accession:
    P08243
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A4D1I8
    • B4DXZ1
    • B7ZAA9
    • D6W5R3
    • E9PCI3
    • E9PCX6
    • P08184
    • Q15666
    • Q549T9
    • Q96HD0

    Protein attributes for ASNS Gene

    Size:
    561 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    64370 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ASNS Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for ASNS Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for ASNS Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for ASNS Gene

P08243:
  • LLSGGLDSSLVA
  • ATDPSARTL
  • PYLWLCYNGEIYN
  • CLSVQCLSAMKIAHRGPDAFRFENVNG
  • EVIFSLETYDITTVRAS
  • TKEGYYYR
  • TNCCFGFHRLAVVD
  • SPDLLAARKVA
  • SGEGSDE
  • NGEIYNH
  • KVEPFLPGHYEVLDLKP
  • RDTYGVRPLFK
  • SYYLSLP
  • ETVKNNLRILF
  • FEFEYQT
  • RPKEAFSD
  • HYPGRADWL
  • RIPKNGIEK

Post-translational modifications for ASNS Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys168, Lys460, Lys478, and Lys504
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains & Families for ASNS Gene

Gene Families for ASNS Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for ASNS Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ASNS Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Glutamine-dependent asparagine synthetase (ASNS_HUMAN)
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ASNS: view

No data available for Graphical View of Domain Structure and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASNS Gene

Function for ASNS Gene

Molecular function for ASNS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=ATP + H2O + L-aspartate + L-glutamine = AMP + diphosphate + H(+) + L-asparagine + L-glutamate; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:12228, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:15378, ChEBI:CHEBI:29985, ChEBI:CHEBI:29991, ChEBI:CHEBI:30616, ChEBI:CHEBI:33019, ChEBI:CHEBI:58048, ChEBI:CHEBI:58359, ChEBI:CHEBI:456215; EC=6.3.5.4; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:2573597};.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
asparagine synthetase

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ASNS Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for ASNS Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ASNS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding IEA --
GO:0004066 asparagine synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity IBA,IDA 2564390
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0016874 ligase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASNS: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ASNS: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for ASNS Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for ASNS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ASNS:
  • Asns Asns<tm1a(EUCOMM)Wtsi>

Animal Models for research

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for ASNS

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for ASNS

Clone products for research

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ASNS Gene

Localization for ASNS Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ASNS gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 3
plasma membrane 2
extracellular 2
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
peroxisome 1
endosome 1
lysosome 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ASNS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASNS: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASNS Gene

Pathways & Interactions for ASNS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ASNS: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P08243-ASNS_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Amino-acid biosynthesis; L-asparagine biosynthesis; L-asparagine from L-aspartate (L-Gln route): step 1/1.

SIGNOR curated interactions for ASNS Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ASNS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001889 liver development IEA --
GO:0006520 cellular amino acid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006529 asparagine biosynthetic process IDA 2573597
GO:0006541 glutamine metabolic process IEA --
GO:0008652 cellular amino acid biosynthetic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASNS: view

Drugs & Compounds for ASNS Gene

(11) Drugs for ASNS Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Asparagine Approved, Investigational Nutra Target 40
Aspartic acid Approved Nutra Target, substrate 195
Glutamic acid Approved Nutra Target 324
L-Glutamine Approved, Investigational Nutra Enzyme, substrate 0
Famotidine Approved Pharma Histamine H2-receptor antagonist 99

(10) Additional Compounds for ASNS Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
pyrophosphate
  • [(HO)2P(O)OP(O)(OH)2]
  • Acide diphosphorique
  • Diphosphorsaeure
  • H4P2O7
  • Pyrophosphoric acid
14000-31-8
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ASNS: view

Transcripts for ASNS Gene

mRNA/cDNA for ASNS Gene

7 REFSEQ mRNAs :
18 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
17 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for ASNS

Clone products for research

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ASNS Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b
SP1: - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - - - -
SP4:
SP5: - -
SP6:
SP7: -
SP8: - -
SP9:

Relevant External Links for ASNS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ASNS

Expression for ASNS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for ASNS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ASNS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (22.2), Stomach (11.4), and Islet of Langerhans (8.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for ASNS Gene



Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for ASNS

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ASNS Gene:

Hs.489207

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ASNS Gene

  • Nervous system(4.7)
  • Muscle(4.5)
  • Blood(4.5)
  • Intestine(4.3)
  • Lung(3.1)
  • Liver(2.5)
  • Pancreas(2.4)
  • Skin(2.3)
  • Eye(2.1)
  • Heart(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ASNS Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Regions:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • chin
  • ear
  • eye
  • face
  • forehead
  • head
  • jaw
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • outer ear
  • skull
Thorax:
  • chest wall
  • lung
Abdomen:
  • abdominal wall
Limb:
  • digit
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • lower limb
  • upper limb
General:
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ASNS: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ASNS Gene

Orthologs for ASNS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for ASNS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
Chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ASNS 29 30
  • 99.58 (n)
OneToOne
Dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ASNS 30
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
LOC475240 29
  • 91.8 (n)
Cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ASNS 29 30
  • 91.09 (n)
OneToOne
Rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Asns 29
  • 88 (n)
Mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Asns 29 16 30
  • 87.76 (n)
OneToOne
Platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ASNS 30
  • 54 (a)
OneToOne
Chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ASNS 29 30
  • 77.02 (n)
OneToOne
Lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ASNS 30
  • 80 (a)
OneToOne
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia asns 29
  • 73.43 (n)
Str.4783 29
Zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii asns 29 30
  • 68.83 (n)
OneToOne
zgc56605 29
Rainbow Trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.9138 29
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta asparagine-synthetase 30
  • 37 (a)
OneToOne
Worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea asns-1 29 30
  • 51.06 (n)
OneToOne
nrs-2 31
  • 36 (a)
Baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ASN2 30 32
  • 37 (a)
OneToMany
ASN1 30
  • 36 (a)
OneToMany
Rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.135 29
Sea Squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 30
  • 54 (a)
OneToMany
-- 30
  • 51 (a)
OneToMany
-- 30
  • 51 (a)
OneToMany
Sea Vase
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.14999 29
Species where no ortholog for ASNS was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Fission Yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. Lactis Yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Soybean (Glycine max)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ASNS Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ASNS (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ASNS (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for ASNS: view image
Alliance of Genome Resources:
Additional Orthologs for ASNS

Paralogs for ASNS Gene

Variants for ASNS Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for ASNS Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 07 pos Variation AA Info Type
1029362 Uncertain Significance: Asparagine synthetase deficiency 97,868,933(-) T/A
NM_001673.5(ASNS):c.224A>T (p.Asn75Ile)
MISSENSE_VARIANT,NON_CODING_TRANSCRIPT_VARIANT,INTRON
1031113 Uncertain Significance: Asparagine synthetase deficiency 97,855,378(-) G/A
NM_001673.5(ASNS):c.1112C>T (p.Thr371Met)
MISSENSE_VARIANT,NON_CODING_TRANSCRIPT
836319 Pathogenic: Asparagine synthetase deficiency; not provided 97,853,143(-) G/A
NM_001673.5(ASNS):c.1393C>T (p.Arg465Ter)
NONSENSE,NON_CODING_TRANSCRIPT
836674 Likely Pathogenic: not provided 97,864,497(-) C/T
NM_001673.5(ASNS):c.250-1G>A
SPLICE_ACCEPTOR
838098 Pathogenic: not provided 97,853,080(-) G/A
NM_001673.5(ASNS):c.1456C>T (p.Gln486Ter)
NONSENSE,NON_CODING_TRANSCRIPT

dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for variants without ClinVar clinical significance for ASNS Gene

All consequence types are included: molecular consequences (e.g. missense, synonymous), and location-based (e.g. intron, upstream).

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ASNS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv3621n106 CNV deletion 24896259
dgv444e215 CNV deletion 23714750
esv2672632 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2734862 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2759546 CNV loss 17122850
nsv428178 CNV gain 18775914
nsv970554 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv981551 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv981552 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for ASNS Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 13.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.21; 39.91% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for ASNS Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
ASNS
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
ASNS
Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD)
ASNS

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assays for research

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASNS Gene

Disorders for ASNS Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(10) MalaCards diseases for ASNS Gene - From: OMI, CVR, GTR, ORP, SWI, COP, and GCD

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search ASNS in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

ASNS_HUMAN
  • Asparagine synthetase deficiency (ASNSD) [MIM:615574]: An inborn error of asparagine biosynthesis that results in a severe neurologic disorder characterized by microcephaly, severely delayed psychomotor development, progressive encephalopathy, cortical atrophy, and seizure or hyperekplexic activity. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24139043}. Note=The disease is caused by variants affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for ASNS

Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
Atlas
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
Open Targets Platform
Open Targets Platform
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ASNS: view

No data available for Genatlas for ASNS Gene

Publications for ASNS Gene

  1. Deficiency of asparagine synthetase causes congenital microcephaly and a progressive form of encephalopathy. (PMID: 24139043) Ruzzo EK … Goldstein DB (Neuron 2013) 3 4 72
  2. Transcriptional induction of the human asparagine synthetase gene during the unfolded protein response does not require the ATF6 and IRE1/XBP1 arms of the pathway. (PMID: 18840095) Gjymishka A … Kilberg MS (The Biochemical journal 2009) 3 22
  3. Functional analysis of a novel DNA polymorphism of a tandem repeated sequence in the asparagine synthetase gene in acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells. (PMID: 19054556) Akagi T … Koeffler HP (Leukemia research 2009) 3 22
  4. Declined asparagine synthetase mRNA expression and enhanced sensitivity to asparaginase in HL-60 cells committed to monocytic differentiation. (PMID: 19414379) Hashimoto K … Sakagami H (Anticancer research 2009) 3 22
  5. Asparagine synthetase is a predictive biomarker of L-asparaginase activity in ovarian cancer cell lines. (PMID: 18852115) Lorenzi PL … Weinstein JN (Molecular cancer therapeutics 2008) 3 22

Products for ASNS Gene

Sources for ASNS Gene