Aliases for ASAH2 Gene
External Ids for ASAH2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ASAH2 Gene
Ceramidases (EC 18.104.22.168), such as ASAH2, catalyze hydrolysis of the N-acyl linkage of ceramide, a second messenger in a variety of cellular events, to produce sphingosine. Sphingosine exerts both mitogenic and apoptosis-inducing activities, and its phosphorylated form functions as an intra- and intercellular second messenger (see MIM 603730) (Mitsutake et al., 2001 [PubMed 11328816]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ASAH2 Gene
ASAH2 (N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ASAH2 include Lipogranulomatosis and Sphingolipidosis. Among its related pathways are Sphingolipid metabolism and sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ASAH2B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASAH2 Gene
Plasma membrane ceramidase that hydrolyzes sphingolipid ceramides into sphingosine and free fatty acids at neutral pH (PubMed:10781606, PubMed:16229686, PubMed:26190575). Ceramides, sphingosine, and its phosphorylated form sphingosine-1-phosphate are bioactive lipids that mediate cellular signaling pathways regulating several biological processes including cell proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation (PubMed:15946935, PubMed:19345744, PubMed:24798654). Also catalyzes the reverse reaction allowing the synthesis of ceramides from fatty acids and sphingosine (PubMed:11278489, PubMed:17475390). Together with sphingomyelinase, participates in the production of sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate from the degradation of sphingomyelin, a sphingolipid enriched in the plasma membrane of cells (PubMed:16061940). Also participates in the hydrolysis of ceramides from the extracellular milieu allowing the production of sphingosine-1-phosphate inside and outside cells (By similarity). This is the case for instance with the digestion of dietary sphingolipids in the intestinal tract (By similarity).
Ceramidases (EC 22.214.171.124) are a group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ceramides to produce sphingosine, which subsequently undergoes phosphorylation to generate sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P).