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Aliases for ASAH1 Gene

Aliases for ASAH1 Gene

  • N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase 1 2 3 5
  • Acylsphingosine Deacylase 2 3 4
  • Acid Ceramidase 2 3 4
  • N-Acylethanolamine Hydrolase ASAH1 3 4
  • Putative 32 KDa Heart Protein 3 4
  • EC 3.5.1.23 4 56
  • Acid CDase 3 4
  • ACDase 3 4
  • PHP32 3 4
  • ASAH 3 4
  • AC 3 4
  • N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase (Acid Ceramidase) 1 3
  • N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase (Acid Ceramidase) 2
  • N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase 4
  • EC 3.5.1.- 4
  • SMAPME 3
  • PHP 3

External Ids for ASAH1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for ASAH1 Gene

  • ASAH

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ASAH1 Gene

  • GC08M017790
  • GC08M017976
  • GC08M017924
  • GC08M016458

Summaries for ASAH1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ASAH1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the acid ceramidase family of proteins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed. Processing of this preproprotein generates alpha and beta subunits that heterodimerize to form the mature lysosomal enzyme, which catalyzes the degradation of ceramide into sphingosine and free fatty acid. This enzyme is overexpressed in multiple human cancers and may play a role in cancer progression. Mutations in this gene are associated with the lysosomal storage disorder, Farber lipogranulomatosis, and a neuromuscular disorder, spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2015]

GeneCards Summary for ASAH1 Gene

ASAH1 (N-Acylsphingosine Amidohydrolase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ASAH1 include Farber Lipogranulomatosis and Spinal Muscular Atrophy With Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy. Among its related pathways are Sphingolipid metabolism and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is NAAA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASAH1 Gene

  • Lysosomal ceramidase that hydrolyzes sphingolipid ceramides into sphingosine and free fatty acids at acidic pH (PubMed:10610716, PubMed:7744740, PubMed:15655246, PubMed:11451951). Ceramides, sphingosine, and its phosphorylated form sphingosine-1-phosphate are bioactive lipids that mediate cellular signaling pathways regulating several biological processes including cell proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation (PubMed:10610716). Has a higher catalytic efficiency towards C12-ceramides versus other ceramides (PubMed:7744740, PubMed:15655246). Also catalyzes the reverse reaction allowing the synthesis of ceramides from fatty acids and sphingosine (PubMed:12764132, PubMed:12815059). For the reverse synthetic reaction, the natural sphingosine D-erythro isomer is more efficiently utilized as a substrate compared to D-erythro-dihydrosphingosine and D-erythro-phytosphingosine, while the fatty acids with chain lengths of 12 or 14 carbons are the most efficiently used (PubMed:12764132). Has also an N-acylethanolamine hydrolase activity (PubMed:15655246). By regulating the levels of ceramides, sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate in the epidermis, mediates the calcium-induced differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes (PubMed:17713573). Also indirectly regulates tumor necrosis factor/TNF-induced apoptosis (By similarity). By regulating the intracellular balance between ceramides and sphingosine, in adrenocortical cells, probably also acts as a regulator of steroidogenesis (PubMed:22261821).
  • Isoform 2: May directly regulate steroidogenesis by binding the nuclear receptor NR5A1 and negatively regulating its transcriptional activity.

Tocris Summary for ASAH1 Gene

  • Ceramidases (EC 3.5.1.23) are a group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ceramides to produce sphingosine, which subsequently undergoes phosphorylation to generate sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P).

Gene Wiki entry for ASAH1 Gene

Additional gene information for ASAH1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ASAH1 Gene

Genomics for ASAH1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for ASAH1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for ASAH1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH08J018081 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 619.8 +1.5 1516 5.4 SP1 CC2D1A ELF3 ZFX MNT SIX5 ZNF148 NKRF POLR2A MLLT1 ASAH1 ENSG00000245281 LOC101929066 CNOT7 MTUS1 PCM1
GH08J018066 Enhancer 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 34.8 +16.9 16897 3.8 CBFA2T2 MLLT1 TRIM24 EGR1 SMARCA4 MTA1 GMEB1 DPF2 IKZF1 ATF1 ASAH1 MTUS1 ENSG00000253671 ENSG00000245281 PCM1
GH08J017921 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.9 +159.6 159576 8.1 SP1 CC2D1A ZFX ELF3 MNT SIX5 CBFA2T2 NKRF MLLT1 ZNF121 PCM1 ENSG00000253671 MTUS1 ENSG00000249258 ENSG00000253384 CNOT7 ASAH1 FGL1 SLC7A2 GC08P017880
GH08J018077 Promoter/Enhancer 1 Ensembl dbSUPER 21.9 +7.0 6997 0.4 SP1 RXRA FOXA2 OSR2 HNF4A FEZF1 PRDM6 ASAH1 ENSG00000245281 PCM1
GH08J018053 Enhancer 0.6 dbSUPER 36.6 +30.5 30469 2.8 CBFA2T2 PKNOX1 SCRT2 TCF12 NCOR1 DPF2 TAL1 MTA2 TEAD4 CBFA2T3 ASAH1 ENSG00000253671 ENSG00000245281 PCM1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around ASAH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the ASAH1 gene promoter:
  • ATF-2
  • c-Jun

Genomic Locations for ASAH1 Gene

Genomic Locations for ASAH1 Gene
chr8:18,055,992-18,084,998
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
29,007 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand
chr8:17,913,925-17,942,507
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
28,583 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for ASAH1 Gene

Genes around ASAH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ASAH1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ASAH1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ASAH1 Gene

Proteins for ASAH1 Gene

  • Protein details for ASAH1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q13510-ASAH1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Acid ceramidase
    Protein Accession:
    Q13510
    Secondary Accessions:
    • E9PDS0
    • Q6W898
    • Q96AS2

    Protein attributes for ASAH1 Gene

    Size:
    395 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    44660 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterodimer; disulfide-linked (PubMed:7744740, PubMed:11451951, PubMed:30525581, PubMed:29692406). The heterodimer is composed of the disulfide-linked alpha and beta chains produced by autocatalytic cleavage of the precursor (PubMed:7744740, PubMed:11451951, PubMed:30525581, PubMed:29692406). Isoform 2: May interact with NR5A1 in the nucleus; the direct interaction would negatively regulate NR5A1 transcriptional activity (Probable).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAC73009.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=15, 21; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ASAH1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for ASAH1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for ASAH1 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for ASAH1 Gene

Q13510:
  • SGEGCVITR
  • DDRRTPA
  • LKVIVNS
  • TINLDLPPYKRWHEL
  • KLPGLLGNFPGPFEEEMKGIAAVT
  • HGRNMDFG
  • FLGWNINN
  • VLENSTSYEE
  • NGGYLGILEW
  • RKESLDVYELD
  • DVTKGQFE
  • TSYEEAKN

Post-translational modifications for ASAH1 Gene

  • N-glycosylated.
  • Proteolytically cleaved into two chains alpha and beta that remain associated via a disulfide bond (PubMed:7744740, PubMed:11451951, PubMed:30525581, PubMed:29692406). Cleavage gives rise to a conformation change that activates the enzyme. The same catalytic Cys residue mediates the autoproteolytic cleavage and subsequent hydrolysis of lipid substrates (PubMed:30525581, PubMed:29692406). The beta chain may undergo an additional C-terminal processing (PubMed:12815059).
  • Glycosylation at posLast=195195, posLast=259259, posLast=348348, isoforms=2, 3173, posLast=286286, and posLast=342342
  • Ubiquitination at posLast=9292
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Glycosylation from GlyConnect
    • ASAH1_HUMAN (986)

Domains & Families for ASAH1 Gene

Gene Families for ASAH1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for ASAH1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ASAH1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Putative 32 kDa heart protein (ASAH1_HUMAN)
  • N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase 1 (B1B5P6_HUMAN)
  • N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase 1 (B1B5P7_HUMAN)
  • N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase 1 (B1B5Q0_HUMAN)
  • N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase 1 (B1B5Q2_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q13510

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ASAH1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the acid ceramidase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the acid ceramidase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ASAH1: view

Function for ASAH1 Gene

Molecular function for ASAH1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Lysosomal ceramidase that hydrolyzes sphingolipid ceramides into sphingosine and free fatty acids at acidic pH (PubMed:10610716, PubMed:7744740, PubMed:15655246, PubMed:11451951). Ceramides, sphingosine, and its phosphorylated form sphingosine-1-phosphate are bioactive lipids that mediate cellular signaling pathways regulating several biological processes including cell proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation (PubMed:10610716). Has a higher catalytic efficiency towards C12-ceramides versus other ceramides (PubMed:7744740, PubMed:15655246). Also catalyzes the reverse reaction allowing the synthesis of ceramides from fatty acids and sphingosine (PubMed:12764132, PubMed:12815059). For the reverse synthetic reaction, the natural sphingosine D-erythro isomer is more efficiently utilized as a substrate compared to D-erythro-dihydrosphingosine and D-erythro-phytosphingosine, while the fatty acids with chain lengths of 12 or 14 carbons are the most efficiently used (PubMed:12764132). Has also an N-acylethanolamine hydrolase activity (PubMed:15655246). By regulating the levels of ceramides, sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate in the epidermis, mediates the calcium-induced differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes (PubMed:17713573). Also indirectly regulates tumor necrosis factor/TNF-induced apoptosis (By similarity). By regulating the intracellular balance between ceramides and sphingosine, in adrenocortical cells, probably also acts as a regulator of steroidogenesis (PubMed:22261821).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Isoform 2: May directly regulate steroidogenesis by binding the nuclear receptor NR5A1 and negatively regulating its transcriptional activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=an N-acylsphing-4-enine + H2O = a fatty acid + sphing-4-enine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:20856, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:28868, ChEBI:CHEBI:52639, ChEBI:CHEBI:57756; EC=3.5.1.23; Evidence={ECO:0000269 PubMed:10610716, ECO:0000269 PubMed:29692406, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7744740};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-dodecanoylsphing-4-enine = dodecanoate + sphing-4-enine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:41291, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:18262, ChEBI:CHEBI:57756, ChEBI:CHEBI:72956; Evidence={ECO:0000269 PubMed:11451951, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12764132, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12815059, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15655246, ECO:0000269 PubMed:29692406, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7744740}; PhysiologicalDirection=left-to-right; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:41292; Evidence=. ; PhysiologicalDirection=right-to-left; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:41293; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-tetradecanoylsphing-4-enine = sphing-4-enine + tetradecanoate; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:41287, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:30807, ChEBI:CHEBI:57756, ChEBI:CHEBI:72957; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-hexadecanoylsphing-4-enine = hexadecanoate + sphing-4-enine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:38891, ChEBI:CHEBI:7896, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:57756, ChEBI:CHEBI:72959; Evidence={ECO:0000269 PubMed:12764132, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15655246};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-octadecanoylsphing-4-enine = octadecanoate + sphing-4-enine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:41279, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:25629, ChEBI:CHEBI:57756, ChEBI:CHEBI:72961; Evidence={ECO:0000269 PubMed:12764132, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7744740};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-(dodecanoyl)-4-hydroxysphinganine = 4-hydroxysphinganine + dodecanoate; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:41303, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:18262, ChEBI:CHEBI:64124, ChEBI:CHEBI:78001; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-(dodecanoyl)-sphinganine = dodecanoate + sphinganine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:45448, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:18262, ChEBI:CHEBI:57817, ChEBI:CHEBI:85261; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-(acetyl)-sphing-4-enine = acetate + sphing-4-enine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:58484, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:30089, ChEBI:CHEBI:46979, ChEBI:CHEBI:57756; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-(hexanoyl)sphing-4-enine = hexanoate + sphing-4-enine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:41295, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:17120, ChEBI:CHEBI:57756, ChEBI:CHEBI:63867; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-octanoylsphing-4-enine = octanoate + sphing-4-enine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:45092, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:25646, ChEBI:CHEBI:45815, ChEBI:CHEBI:57756; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-(9Z-octadecenoyl)-sphing-4-enine = (9Z)-octadecenoate + sphing-4-enine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:41299, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:30823, ChEBI:CHEBI:57756, ChEBI:CHEBI:77996; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=H2O + N-dodecanoylethanolamine = dodecanoate + ethanolamine; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:45456, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:18262, ChEBI:CHEBI:57603, ChEBI:CHEBI:85263; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Activated by Ca(2+), Mg(2+) and Na(+) cations (PubMed:12764132). Inhibited by Zn(2+) (PubMed:12764132). Phosphatidylserine and phosphatidic acid stimulate while cardiolipin, phosphatidylcholine, lysophosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and sphingomyelin inhibit the reverse ceramide synthase activity (PubMed:12764132). Phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylinositol and C16-ceramide inhibit the ceramidase/hydrolase activity (PubMed:12764132).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=149 uM for N-dodecanoylsphing-4-enine (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 4.2) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:7744740}; KM=389 uM for N-dodecanoylsphing-4-enine (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 4.5) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12815059}; KM=24 uM for sphingosine (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 6.0) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12764132}; KM=74 uM for dodecanoate (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 6.0) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12764132}; KM=55 uM for N-dodecanoylethanolamine (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 4.5) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15655246}; Vmax=136 nmol/h/mg enzyme for the hydrolysis of N- dodecanoylsphing-4-enine (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 4.2) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:7744740}; Vmax=28 nmol/h/mg enzyme for the hydrolysis of N- dodecanoylsphing-4-enine (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 4.5) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12815059}; Vmax=208 pmol/h/ug enzyme toward sphingosine for the synthesis of N-dodecanoylsphing-4-enine (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 6.0) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12764132}; Vmax=233 pmol/h/ug enzyme toward dodecanoate for the synthesis of N-dodecanoylsphing-4-enine (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 6.0) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12764132}; pH dependence: Optimum pH is 3.8-5.0 for the hydrolysis of N-dodecanoylsphing- 4-enine (PubMed:7744740, PubMed:12815059). Optimum pH is 5.5-6.5 for the synthesis of N-dodecanoylsphing-4-enine (PubMed:12815059). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12815059, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7744740};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated by Ca(2+).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ASAH1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for ASAH1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ASAH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
GO:0016810 hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds IBA 21873635
GO:0016811 hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds, in linear amides IDA 15655246
GO:0017040 N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase activity IMP 10610716
GO:0102121 ceramidase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASAH1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ASAH1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for ASAH1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for ASAH1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ASAH1:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for ASAH1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ASAH1

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for ASAH1

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials (abm): Clones for ASAH1 - Now 50% OFF >
  • * ASAH1 as ready-to-use vector or virus: ORF | Lenti- | Retro- | Adeno- | AAV- | Protein Vector - Browse All
  • * ASAH1 tags and reporters available: His, HA, Myc, Flag, GFP, RFP, Luciferase - Browse All

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ASAH1 Gene

Localization for ASAH1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASAH1 Gene

Lysosome. Secreted. Note=Secretion is extremely low and localization to lysosomes is mannose-6-phosphate receptor-dependent. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11451951}.
Isoform 2: Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Note=A localization to the nucleus and the cytoplasm has also been reported for ASAH1, most probably for isoforms devoid of a signal peptide. {ECO:0000305 PubMed:22927646}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ASAH1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
lysosome 5
cytosol 3
plasma membrane 1
cytoskeleton 1
mitochondrion 1
endosome 1
peroxisome 0

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ASAH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 7744740
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005764 lysosome IDA 12764132
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASAH1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for ASAH1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for ASAH1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ASAH1: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q13510-ASAH1_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Lipid metabolism; sphingolipid metabolism.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ASAH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006665 sphingolipid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006687 glycosphingolipid metabolic process TAS --
GO:0030216 keratinocyte differentiation IMP 17713573
GO:0043312 neutrophil degranulation TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ASAH1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ASAH1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ASAH1 Gene

(11) Drugs for ASAH1 Gene - From: ApexBio, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Palmitic Acid Approved Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 25
Stearic acid Approved, Experimental Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0
Sphingosine Experimental Pharma 0
arachidonic acid Experimental Pharma Activator, Agonist, Inhibitor, Activation, Potentiation 37

(116) Additional Compounds for ASAH1 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/12:0)
  • 3'-O-Sulphogalactosylceramide
  • 3-O-SulfO-beta-D-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-SulfO-beta-delta-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide
  • Cerebroside 3-sulfate
852100-88-0
3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/14:0)
  • 3'-O-Sulphogalactosylceramide
  • 3-O-SulfO-beta-D-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-SulfO-beta-delta-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide
  • Cerebroside 3-sulfate
3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/16:0)
  • 3'-O-Sulphogalactosylceramide
  • 3-O-SulfO-beta-D-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-SulfO-beta-delta-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide
  • Cerebroside 3-sulfate
862509-48-6
3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/18:0)
  • 3'-O-Sulphogalactosylceramide
  • 3-O-SulfO-beta-D-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-SulfO-beta-delta-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide
  • Cerebroside 3-sulfate
244215-65-4
3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/18:1(9Z))
  • 3'-O-Sulphogalactosylceramide
  • 3-O-SulfO-beta-D-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-SulfO-beta-delta-galactosylceramide
  • 3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide
  • Cerebroside 3-sulfate

(1) Tocris Compounds for ASAH1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Ceranib 1 Ceramidase inhibitor; antiproliferative 328076-61-5

(1) ApexBio Compounds for ASAH1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Ceranib 1 328076-61-5
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ASAH1: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for ASAH1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ASAH1 Gene

N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase (acid ceramidase) 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for ASAH1

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials (abm): Clones for ASAH1 - Now 50% OFF >
  • * ASAH1 as ready-to-use vector or virus: ORF | Lenti- | Retro- | Adeno- | AAV- | Protein Vector - Browse All
  • * ASAH1 tags and reporters available: His, HA, Myc, Flag, GFP, RFP, Luciferase - Browse All

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ASAH1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d · 2e ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b · 11c ^ 12a ·
SP1: - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - -
SP6: - - -
SP7: - -
SP8: -
SP9: -
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:

ExUns: 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16a · 16b
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:

Relevant External Links for ASAH1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ASAH1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ASAH1

Expression for ASAH1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for ASAH1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ASAH1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x4.7) and Heart - Left Ventricle (x4.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for ASAH1 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for ASAH1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ASAH1 Gene:

ASAH1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ASAH1 Gene:

Hs.527412

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ASAH1 Gene:

Q13510-ASAH1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Broadly expressed with higher expression in heart.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ASAH1 Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Blood(4.8)
  • Skin(4.7)
  • Liver(4.6)
  • Bone marrow(4.4)
  • Stomach(4.4)
  • Kidney(4)
  • Urine(4)
  • Lung(3.9)
  • Heart(3.4)
  • Muscle(3)
  • Spleen(2.9)
  • Intestine(2.5)
  • Thyroid gland(2.5)
  • Adrenal gland(2.2)
  • Pancreas(2.1)
  • Gall bladder(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ASAH1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • digestive
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • lymphatic
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Regions:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cranial nerve
  • epiglottis
  • eye
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • larynx
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • neck
  • skull
  • tongue
  • vocal cord
Thorax:
  • chest wall
  • clavicle
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • scapula
  • sternum
  • trachea
Abdomen:
  • liver
  • spleen
Pelvis:
  • pelvis
Limb:
  • ankle
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • femur
  • fibula
  • finger
  • foot
  • forearm
  • hand
  • hip
  • humerus
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • radius
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • tibia
  • toe
  • ulna
  • upper limb
  • wrist
General:
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • spinal cord
  • vertebrae
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ASAH1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and Protein differential expression in normal tissues for ASAH1 Gene

Orthologs for ASAH1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for ASAH1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ASAH1 35 34
  • 99.16 (n)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ASAH1 35 34
  • 89.25 (n)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ASAH1 35 34
  • 87.43 (n)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Asah1 34
  • 84.34 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Asah1 17 35 34
  • 84.08 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 75 (a)
OneToMany
-- 35
  • 59 (a)
OneToMany
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ASAH1 35
  • 70 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ASAH1 35 34
  • 68.47 (n)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ASAH1 35
  • 60 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia asah1 34
  • 65.87 (n)
Str.5508 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.22164 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii asah1b 35 34
  • 63.32 (n)
OneToMany
asah1a 35
  • 58 (a)
OneToMany
zgc66026 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.9300 34
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea asah-1 35 34
  • 49.73 (n)
OneToMany
F27E5.1 35
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for ASAH1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ASAH1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ASAH1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ASAH1 (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for ASAH1: view image

Paralogs for ASAH1 Gene

Paralogs for ASAH1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for ASAH1 Gene using alignment to 19 proteins:

  • ASAH1_HUMAN
  • B1B5P6_HUMAN
  • B1B5P7_HUMAN
  • B1B5Q0_HUMAN
  • B1B5Q2_HUMAN
  • B1B5Q3_HUMAN
  • B1B5Q8_HUMAN
  • B1B5Q9_HUMAN
  • B1B5R8_HUMAN
  • B1B5R9_HUMAN
  • B1B5S5_HUMAN
  • B1B5S6_HUMAN
  • B1B5S7_HUMAN
  • B1B5S8_HUMAN
  • B1B5T0_HUMAN
  • B1B5T7_HUMAN
  • D3DSQ1_HUMAN
  • E7EMM4_HUMAN
  • E7ERV9_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ASAH1: view

Variants for ASAH1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ASAH1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs10103355 benign, not specified, Farber disease, not provided, -, - 18,061,425(-) A/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs1049874 benign, not specified, Farber disease, not provided, - 18,069,818(-) T/C coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant
rs1071645 benign, not specified, Farber disease, not provided, -, - 18,071,302(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs115127411 likely-benign, Farber disease 18,057,200(-) C/A/T 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs12547845 benign, not specified, not provided 18,071,411(-) T/C intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ASAH1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2055e212 CNV loss 25503493
esv3616511 CNV gain 21293372
esv3891365 CNV gain 25118596
nsv1026366 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1115070 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv522647 CNV loss 19592680
nsv610713 CNV loss 21841781
nsv820215 CNV loss 19587683

Variation tolerance for ASAH1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 97.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.44; 64.03% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for ASAH1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
ASAH1
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
ASAH1

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ASAH1 Gene

Disorders for ASAH1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(14) MalaCards diseases for ASAH1 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
farber lipogranulomatosis
  • frbrl
spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy
  • smapme
jankovic rivera syndrome
  • hereditary myoclonus and progressive distal muscular atrophy
keloid formation
benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes
  • centrotemporal epilepsy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search ASAH1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

ASAH1_HUMAN
  • Farber lipogranulomatosis (FRBRL) [MIM:228000]: An autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder characterized by subcutaneous lipid-loaded nodules, excruciating pain in the joints and extremities, and marked accumulation of ceramide in lysosomes. Disease severity is variable. The most severe disease subtype is a rare neonatal form with death occurring before 1 year of age. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10610716, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10993717, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11241842, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12638942, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16951918, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20609603, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21893389, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21982811, ECO:0000269 PubMed:26945816, ECO:0000269 PubMed:27411168, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8955159}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy (SMAPME) [MIM:159950]: An autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder characterized by childhood onset of motor deficits and progressive myoclonic seizures, after normal developmental milestones. Proximal muscle weakness and generalized muscular atrophy are due to degeneration of spinal motor neurons. Myoclonic epilepsy is generally resistant to conventional therapy. The disease course is progressive and leads to respiratory muscle involvement and severe handicap or early death from respiratory insufficiency. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22703880, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24164096, ECO:0000269 PubMed:27026573}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for ASAH1

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ASAH1: view

No data available for Genatlas for ASAH1 Gene

Publications for ASAH1 Gene

  1. The human acid ceramidase gene (ASAH): structure, chromosomal location, mutation analysis, and expression. (PMID: 10610716) Li CM … Schuchman EH (Genomics 1999) 2 3 4 23 58
  2. Molecular cloning and characterization of a full-length complementary DNA encoding human acid ceramidase. Identification Of the first molecular lesion causing Farber disease. (PMID: 8955159) Koch J … Sandhoff K (The Journal of biological chemistry 1996) 2 3 4 23 58
  3. Upregulation of the human alkaline ceramidase 1 and acid ceramidase mediates calcium-induced differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes. (PMID: 17713573) Sun W … Mao C (The Journal of investigative dermatology 2008) 3 4 23 58
  4. Structural basis for the activation of acid ceramidase. (PMID: 29692406) Gebai A … Nagar B (Nature communications 2018) 3 4 58
  5. Atypical presentation of infantile-onset farber disease with novel ASAH1 mutations. (PMID: 27411168) Kim SY … Chae JH (American journal of medical genetics. Part A 2016) 3 4 58

Products for ASAH1 Gene

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