Aliases for ARHGEF2 Gene
External Ids for ARHGEF2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ARHGEF2 Gene
Rho GTPases play a fundamental role in numerous cellular processes that are initiated by extracellular stimuli that work through G protein coupled receptors. The encoded protein may form complex with G proteins and stimulate rho-dependent signals. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified.[provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]
GeneCards Summary for ARHGEF2 Gene
ARHGEF2 (Rho/Rac Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ARHGEF2 include Neurodevelopmental Disorder With Midbrain And Hindbrain Malformations and Unilateral Focal Polymicrogyria. Among its related pathways are Guidance Cues and Growth Cone Motility and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transcription factor binding and Rho guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is ARHGEF28.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ARHGEF2 Gene
Activates Rho-GTPases by promoting the exchange of GDP for GTP. May be involved in epithelial barrier permeability, cell motility and polarization, dendritic spine morphology, antigen presentation, leukemic cell differentiation, cell cycle regulation, innate immune response, and cancer. Binds Rac-GTPases, but does not seem to promote nucleotide exchange activity toward Rac-GTPases, which was uniquely reported in PubMed:9857026. May stimulate instead the cortical activity of Rac. Inactive toward CDC42, TC10, or Ras-GTPases. Forms an intracellular sensing system along with NOD1 for the detection of microbial effectors during cell invasion by pathogens. Required for RHOA and RIP2 dependent NF-kappaB signaling pathways activation upon S.flexneri cell invasion. Involved not only in sensing peptidoglycan (PGN)-derived muropeptides through NOD1 that is independent of its GEF activity, but also in the activation of NF-kappaB by Shigella effector proteins (IpgB2 and OspB) which requires its GEF activity and the activation of RhoA. Involved in innate immune signaling transduction pathway promoting cytokine IL6/interleukin-6 and TNF-alpha secretion in macrophage upon stimulation by bacterial peptidoglycans; acts as a signaling intermediate between NOD2 receptor and RIPK2 kinase. Contributes to the tyrosine phosphorylation of RIPK2 through Src tyrosine kinase leading to NF-kappaB activation by NOD2. Overexpression activates Rho-, but not Rac-GTPases, and increases paracellular permeability (By similarity). Involved in neuronal progenitor cell division and differentiation (PubMed:28453519). Involved in the migration of precerebellar neurons (By similarity).