Aliases for APC Gene
External Ids for APC Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for APC Gene
This gene encodes a tumor suppressor protein that acts as an antagonist of the Wnt signaling pathway. It is also involved in other processes including cell migration and adhesion, transcriptional activation, and apoptosis. Defects in this gene cause familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), an autosomal dominant pre-malignant disease that usually progresses to malignancy. Mutations in the APC gene have been found to occur in most colorectal cancers. Disease-associated mutations tend to be clustered in a small region designated the mutation cluster region (MCR) and result in a truncated protein product. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2019]
GeneCards Summary for APC Gene
APC (APC Regulator Of WNT Signaling Pathway) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with APC include Familial Adenomatous Polyposis 1 and Desmoid Disease, Hereditary. Among its related pathways are Association Between Physico-Chemical Features and Toxicity Associated Pathways and Misspliced GSK3beta mutants stabilize beta-catenin. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include binding and microtubule binding. An important paralog of this gene is APC2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for APC Gene
Tumor suppressor. Promotes rapid degradation of CTNNB1 and participates in Wnt signaling as a negative regulator. APC activity is correlated with its phosphorylation state. Activates the GEF activity of SPATA13 and ARHGEF4. Plays a role in hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced cell migration. Required for MMP9 up-regulation via the JNK signaling pathway in colorectal tumor cells. Acts as a mediator of ERBB2-dependent stabilization of microtubules at the cell cortex. It is required for the localization of MACF1 to the cell membrane and this localization of MACF1 is critical for its function in microtubule stabilization.