This gene encodes a subunit of the heterotetrameric coat assembly protein complex 2 (AP2), which belongs to the adaptor complexes medium subunits family. The encoded protein is required for the activity of a vacuolar ATPase, which is responsible for proton pumping occurring in the acidification of endosomes and lysosomes. The encoded protein may also play an important role in r... See more...

Aliases for AP2M1 Gene

Aliases for AP2M1 Gene

  • Adaptor Related Protein Complex 2 Subunit Mu 1 2 3 5
  • Clathrin-Associated/Assembly/Adaptor Protein, Medium 1 2 3
  • Clathrin Assembly Protein Complex 2 Mu Medium Chain 3 4
  • Clathrin Assembly Protein Complex 2 Medium Chain 2 3
  • Adaptor Related Protein Complex 2 Mu 1 Subunit 2 3
  • Adaptor-Related Protein Complex 2 Subunit Mu 3 4
  • Plasma Membrane Adaptor AP-2 50 KDa Protein 3 4
  • Plasma Membrane Adaptor AP-2 50kDA Protein 2 3
  • Clathrin Adaptor Complex AP2, Mu Subunit 2 3
  • Adaptor Protein Complex AP-2 Subunit Mu 3 4
  • Clathrin Coat-Associated Protein AP50 3 4
  • Clathrin Coat Assembly Protein AP50 3 4
  • Clathrin Coat Adaptor Protein AP50 2 3
  • AP-2 Complex Subunit Mu 3 4
  • HA2 50 KDA Subunit 2 3
  • AP-2 Mu 2 Chain 2 3
  • Adaptin-Mu2 3 4
  • CLAPM1 3 4
  • AP50 2 3
  • Mu2 2 3
  • HA2 50 KDa Subunit 4
  • AP-2 Mu Chain 4
  • KIAA0109 4
  • MRD60 3
  • AP2M1 5

External Ids for AP2M1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for AP2M1 Gene

  • CLAPM1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AP2M1 Gene

  • GC03M180722
  • GC03P184887
  • GC03P185294
  • GC03P185213
  • GC03P185375
  • GC03P183892
  • GC03P181299

Summaries for AP2M1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AP2M1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a subunit of the heterotetrameric coat assembly protein complex 2 (AP2), which belongs to the adaptor complexes medium subunits family. The encoded protein is required for the activity of a vacuolar ATPase, which is responsible for proton pumping occurring in the acidification of endosomes and lysosomes. The encoded protein may also play an important role in regulating the intracellular trafficking and function of CTLA-4 protein. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]

GeneCards Summary for AP2M1 Gene

AP2M1 (Adaptor Related Protein Complex 2 Subunit Mu 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AP2M1 include Intellectual Developmental Disorder, Autosomal Dominant 60, With Seizures and Myoclonic-Astastic Epilepsy. Among its related pathways are Glutamate Binding, Activation of AMPA Receptors and Synaptic Plasticity and Endocytic Trafficking of EGFR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transporter activity and low-density lipoprotein particle receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is AP1M1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for AP2M1 Gene

  • Component of the adaptor protein complex 2 (AP-2) (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). Adaptor protein complexes function in protein transport via transport vesicles in different membrane traffic pathways (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). Adaptor protein complexes are vesicle coat components and appear to be involved in cargo selection and vesicle formation (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). AP-2 is involved in clathrin-dependent endocytosis in which cargo proteins are incorporated into vesicles surrounded by clathrin (clathrin-coated vesicles, CCVs) which are destined for fusion with the early endosome (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). The clathrin lattice serves as a mechanical scaffold but is itself unable to bind directly to membrane components (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). Clathrin-associated adaptor protein (AP) complexes which can bind directly to both the clathrin lattice and to the lipid and protein components of membranes are considered to be the major clathrin adaptors contributing the CCV formation (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). AP-2 also serves as a cargo receptor to selectively sort the membrane proteins involved in receptor-mediated endocytosis (PubMed:16581796). AP-2 seems to play a role in the recycling of synaptic vesicle membranes from the presynaptic surface (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). AP-2 recognizes Y-X-X-[FILMV] (Y-X-X-Phi) and [ED]-X-X-X-L-[LI] endocytosis signal motifs within the cytosolic tails of transmembrane cargo molecules (By similarity). AP-2 may also play a role in maintaining normal post-endocytic trafficking through the ARF6-regulated, non-clathrin pathway (PubMed:19033387). During long-term potentiation in hippocampal neurons, AP-2 is responsible for the endocytosis of ADAM10 (PubMed:23676497). The AP-2 mu subunit binds to transmembrane cargo proteins; it recognizes the Y-X-X-Phi motifs (By similarity). The surface region interacting with to the Y-X-X-Phi motif is inaccessible in cytosolic AP-2, but becomes accessible through a conformational change following phosphorylation of AP-2 mu subunit at Thr-156 in membrane-associated AP-2 (PubMed:11877457). The membrane-specific phosphorylation event appears to involve assembled clathrin which activates the AP-2 mu kinase AAK1 (PubMed:11877457). Plays a role in endocytosis of frizzled family members upon Wnt signaling (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for AP2M1 Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for AP2M1 Gene

Genomics for AP2M1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for AP2M1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03J184171 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 255.1 +0.5 473 8 SP1 NCOR1 MYC IKZF1 SIX5 JUND POLR2A BRCA1 ZIC2 YY1 AP2M1 VWA5B2 ABCF3 EIF2B5 DVL3 ALG3 ECE2 MIR1224 CAMK2N2 HSALNG0031211-002
GH03J184180 Promoter 0.4 EPDnew 250.4 +5.5 5498 0.1 ETV1 AP2M1 EIF2B5 VWA5B2 ALG3 ECE2 MIR1224 CAMK2N2 PSMD2 EIF4G1 HSALNG0031211-002
GH03J184133 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 10.7 -39.3 -39288 4 BCLAF1 SP1 ZNF207 IKZF1 MYC ZNF600 SIX5 ZNF580 ZNF592 KLF9 EIF2B5 ENSG00000273181 EIF2B5-DT HSALNG0031206 POLR2H DVL3 VWA5B2 RPS3P3 AP2M1 ABCC5-AS1
GH03J184015 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 10 -158.0 -157986 4.2 SP1 ZNF207 NCOR1 MYC IKZF1 ZNF600 SIX5 SSRP1 ZNF592 ATF2 ABCC5 HSALNG0031196 lnc-HTR3D-2 YEATS2 RPS3P3 HTR3C EIF2B5 AP2M1 ALG3 CAMK2N2
GH03J184147 Enhancer 0.4 Ensembl 11.3 -26.3 -26288 1.6 PRDM10 ZMYM3 BCOR ZNF121 RPS3P3 AP2M1 ALG3 ECE2 CAMK2N2 VWA5B2 MIR1224 HTR3E-AS1 PARL RPSAP31
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around AP2M1 on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for AP2M1

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the AP2M1 gene promoter:
  • E2F
  • E2F-1
  • E2F-2
  • E2F-3a
  • E2F-4
  • E2F-5
  • Lmo2
  • NF-kappaB
  • NF-kappaB1
  • Sox9

Genomic Locations for AP2M1 Gene

Latest Assembly
chr3:184,174,689-184,184,091
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
9,403 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Previous Assembly
chr3:183,892,643-183,901,879
(GRCh37/hg19 by Entrez Gene)
Size:
9,237 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

chr3:183,892,477-183,901,879
(GRCh37/hg19 by Ensembl)
Size:
9,403 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for AP2M1 Gene

Genes around AP2M1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AP2M1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AP2M1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AP2M1 Gene

Proteins for AP2M1 Gene

  • Protein details for AP2M1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q96CW1-AP2M1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    AP-2 complex subunit mu
    Protein Accession:
    Q96CW1
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NE12
    • D3DNT1
    • P20172
    • P53679

    Protein attributes for AP2M1 Gene

    Size:
    435 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    49655 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Adapter protein complex 2 (AP-2) is a heterotetramer composed of two large adaptins (alpha-type subunit AP2A1 or AP2A2 and beta-type subunit AP2B1), a medium adaptin (mu-type subunit AP2M1) and a small adaptin (sigma-type subunit AP2S1) (By similarity). Interacts with ATP6V1H and MEGF10 (PubMed:12032142, PubMed:17643423). Interacts with EGFR and TTGN1 (By similarity). Interacts with F2R (PubMed:16581796). Interacts with PIP5K1C; tyrosine phosphorylation of PIP5K1C weakens the interaction (By similarity). Interacts with KIAA0319; required for clathrin-mediated endocytosis of KIAA0319 (PubMed:19419997). Interacts with DVL2 (via DEP domain) (By similarity). Interacts with KCNQ1; mediates estrogen-induced internalization via clathrin-coated vesicles (PubMed:23529131). Interacts with P2RX4 (via internalization motif) (By similarity). Together with AP2A1 or AP2A2 and AP2B1, it interacts with ADAM10; this interaction facilitates ADAM10 endocytosis from the plasma membrane during long-term potentiation in hippocampal neurons (PubMed:23676497).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAA09762.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Extended N-terminus.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for AP2M1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for AP2M1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for AP2M1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for AP2M1 Gene

  • Phosphorylation at Thr-156 increases the affinity of the AP-2 complex for cargo membrane proteins during the initial stages of endocytosis.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys238, Lys312, Lys378, Lys380, Lys410, and Lys420
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibodies for research

  • Abcam antibodies for AP2M1

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AP2M1 Gene

Domains & Families for AP2M1 Gene

Gene Families for AP2M1 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for AP2M1 Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
  • Clathrin adaptor complex, medium chain

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AP2M1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Plasma membrane adaptor AP-2 50 kDa protein (AP2M1_HUMAN)
  • cDNA FLJ53049, highly similar to AP-2 complex subunit mu-1 (B4DJB1_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q96CW1

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

AP2M1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the adaptor complexes medium subunit family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the adaptor complexes medium subunit family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AP2M1: view

Function for AP2M1 Gene

Molecular function for AP2M1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Component of the adaptor protein complex 2 (AP-2) (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). Adaptor protein complexes function in protein transport via transport vesicles in different membrane traffic pathways (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). Adaptor protein complexes are vesicle coat components and appear to be involved in cargo selection and vesicle formation (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). AP-2 is involved in clathrin-dependent endocytosis in which cargo proteins are incorporated into vesicles surrounded by clathrin (clathrin-coated vesicles, CCVs) which are destined for fusion with the early endosome (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). The clathrin lattice serves as a mechanical scaffold but is itself unable to bind directly to membrane components (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). Clathrin-associated adaptor protein (AP) complexes which can bind directly to both the clathrin lattice and to the lipid and protein components of membranes are considered to be the major clathrin adaptors contributing the CCV formation (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). AP-2 also serves as a cargo receptor to selectively sort the membrane proteins involved in receptor-mediated endocytosis (PubMed:16581796). AP-2 seems to play a role in the recycling of synaptic vesicle membranes from the presynaptic surface (PubMed:12694563, PubMed:12952941, PubMed:14745134, PubMed:14985334, PubMed:15473838, PubMed:31104773). AP-2 recognizes Y-X-X-[FILMV] (Y-X-X-Phi) and [ED]-X-X-X-L-[LI] endocytosis signal motifs within the cytosolic tails of transmembrane cargo molecules (By similarity). AP-2 may also play a role in maintaining normal post-endocytic trafficking through the ARF6-regulated, non-clathrin pathway (PubMed:19033387). During long-term potentiation in hippocampal neurons, AP-2 is responsible for the endocytosis of ADAM10 (PubMed:23676497). The AP-2 mu subunit binds to transmembrane cargo proteins; it recognizes the Y-X-X-Phi motifs (By similarity). The surface region interacting with to the Y-X-X-Phi motif is inaccessible in cytosolic AP-2, but becomes accessible through a conformational change following phosphorylation of AP-2 mu subunit at Thr-156 in membrane-associated AP-2 (PubMed:11877457). The membrane-specific phosphorylation event appears to involve assembled clathrin which activates the AP-2 mu kinase AAK1 (PubMed:11877457). Plays a role in endocytosis of frizzled family members upon Wnt signaling (By similarity).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for AP2M1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AP2M1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005048 signal sequence binding IDA 8918456
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 12032142
GO:0008289 lipid binding IEA --
GO:0035615 contributes_to clathrin adaptor activity TAS 12121421
GO:0044325 ion channel binding IPI 23529131
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AP2M1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AP2M1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for AP2M1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for AP2M1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AP2M1:

miRNA for AP2M1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target AP2M1

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for AP2M1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AP2M1 Gene

Localization for AP2M1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AP2M1 Gene

Cell membrane. Membrane, coated pit. Peripheral membrane protein. Cytoplasmic side. Note=AP-2 appears to be excluded from internalizing CCVs and to disengage from sites of endocytosis seconds before internalization of the nascent CCV. {ECO:0000250 UniProtKB:P84091}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AP2M1 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 5
extracellular 4
endosome 4
lysosome 4
cytoskeleton 2
nucleus 2
golgi apparatus 2
mitochondrion 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Plasma membrane (3)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AP2M1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005765 lysosomal membrane TAS --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA,TAS --
GO:0005905 clathrin-coated pit IEA,IDA 31104773
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AP2M1: view

Pathways & Interactions for AP2M1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AP2M1: view

Pathways by source for AP2M1 Gene

5 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathways for AP2M1 Gene
  • Cholesterol and Sphingolipids transport / Influx to the early endosome in lung (normal and CF)
  • Cytoskeleton remodeling_RalA regulation pathway
  • Transport Clathrin-coated vesicle cycle
  • wtCFTR and delta508 traffic / Clathrin coated vesicles formation (norm and CF)
  • wtCFTR and delta508-CFTR traffic / Generic schema (norm and CF)
2 Qiagen pathways for AP2M1 Gene
  • CTLA4 Signaling
  • Endocytic Trafficking of EGFR
1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for AP2M1 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for AP2M1 Gene

Inactivates:
Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AP2M1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002092 positive regulation of receptor internalization IEA --
GO:0006886 intracellular protein transport IEA --
GO:0006897 endocytosis IEA,IBA 21873635
GO:0006900 vesicle budding from membrane IMP 25898166
GO:0015031 protein transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AP2M1: view

Drugs & Compounds for AP2M1 Gene

(1) Drugs for AP2M1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AP2M1: view

Transcripts for AP2M1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for AP2M1 Gene

3 REFSEQ mRNAs :
16 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
22 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for AP2M1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AP2M1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d · 5e ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a ·
SP1: - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - - - -
SP7: - - -
SP8:
SP9: -
SP10: - -
SP11: - - -
SP12:
SP13:

ExUns: 9b · 9c ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14
SP1: - - - -
SP2:
SP3:
SP4: - -
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8: - -
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13: -

Relevant External Links for AP2M1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
AP2M1

Expression for AP2M1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for AP2M1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AP2M1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Frontal cortex (8.3) and Brain (7.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for AP2M1 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for AP2M1 Gene

- Elite partner

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for AP2M1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AP2M1 Gene:

Hs.518460

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AP2M1 Gene:

Q96CW1-AP2M1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in the brain (at protein level).

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for AP2M1 Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Kidney(4.9)
  • Skin(4.9)
  • Liver(4.8)
  • Heart(4.8)
  • Lung(4.6)
  • Bone marrow(4.5)
  • Eye(4.4)
  • Intestine(4.4)
  • Blood(3.6)
  • Pancreas(3.6)
  • Spleen(3.2)
  • Muscle(2.8)
  • Stomach(2.5)
  • Lymph node(2.5)
  • Thyroid gland(2.4)
  • Adrenal gland(2.2)
  • Bone(2.2)
  • Gall bladder(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AP2M1: view

Primer products for research

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for AP2M1 Gene

Orthologs for AP2M1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for AP2M1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
Chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AP2M1 29 30
  • 99.77 (n)
OneToOne
Oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AP2M1 30
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
Dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AP2M1 29 30
  • 94.56 (n)
OneToOne
Cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AP2M1 29 30
  • 93.56 (n)
OneToOne
Mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ap2m1 29 16 30
  • 92.64 (n)
OneToOne
Rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ap2m1 29
  • 92.41 (n)
Chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AP2M1 29 30
  • 84.6 (n)
OneToOne
Lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AP2M1 30
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ap2m1 29
  • 83.83 (n)
Zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ap2m1a 30
  • 98 (a)
OneToMany
ap2m1b 29 30
  • 84.37 (n)
OneToMany
zgc56643 29
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta AP-50 29 30 31
  • 76.37 (n)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP007131 29
  • 75.67 (n)
Worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea dpy-23 29 30 31
  • 71.11 (n)
OneToOne
Baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes APM1 30
  • 34 (a)
OneToMany
APM4 32
Thale Cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT5G46630 29
  • 54.85 (n)
Soybean
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.8717 29
Rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os02g0690700 29
  • 53.44 (n)
Os.8929 29
Corn
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.17830 29
Sea Squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.947 30
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
Bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU09673 29
  • 59.42 (n)
Fission Yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes apm4 29
  • 49.46 (n)
Sea Vase
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.10579 29
Species where no ortholog for AP2M1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. Lactis Yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for AP2M1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for AP2M1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for AP2M1 (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for AP2M1: view image
Alliance of Genome Resources:
Additional Orthologs for AP2M1

Paralogs for AP2M1 Gene

Paralogs for AP2M1 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for AP2M1 Gene using alignment to 8 proteins:

  • AP2M1_HUMAN
  • C9JGT8_HUMAN
  • C9JJ47_HUMAN
  • C9JJD3_HUMAN
  • C9JPV8_HUMAN
  • C9JTK4_HUMAN
  • E9PFW3_HUMAN
  • H7C4C3_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AP2M1: view

Variants for AP2M1 Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for AP2M1 Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs115561047 Benign: not provided 184,180,258(+) G/A
NM_004068.4(AP2M1):c.423+7G>A
INTRON
rs1577059692 Pathogenic/Likely Pathogenic: Autistic disorder of childhood onset; Intellectual disability; Seizures; Intellectual developmental disorder 60 with seizures 184,180,927(+) C/T
NM_004068.4(AP2M1):c.508C>T (p.Arg170Trp)
MISSENSE
VAR_082954 Intellectual developmental disorder 60 with seizures (MRD60) [MIM:618587] p.Arg170Trp

dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for variants without ClinVar clinical significance for AP2M1 Gene

All consequence types are included: molecular consequences (e.g. missense, synonymous), and location-based (e.g. intron, upstream).

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AP2M1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv829812 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for AP2M1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 30.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.01; 20.68% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for AP2M1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
AP2M1
Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD)
AP2M1

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assays for research

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AP2M1 Gene

Disorders for AP2M1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for AP2M1 Gene - From: OMI, CVR, GTR, ORP, SWI, COP, and GCD

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AP2M1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

AP2M1_HUMAN
  • Intellectual developmental disorder 60 with seizures (MRD60) [MIM:618587]: An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by global developmental delay apparent in the first six months of life, followed by onset of seizures between 21 months and 4 years. Disease features include moderate-to-severe intellectual disability, poor speech, delayed walking, and ataxia. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:31104773}. Note=The disease is caused by variants affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for AP2M1

Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
Atlas
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
Open Targets Platform
Open Targets Platform
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AP2M1: view

No data available for Genatlas for AP2M1 Gene

Publications for AP2M1 Gene

  1. A Recurrent Missense Variant in AP2M1 Impairs Clathrin-Mediated Endocytosis and Causes Developmental and Epileptic Encephalopathy. (PMID: 31104773) Helbig I … GRIN Consortium (American journal of human genetics 2019) 3 4 72
  2. MEGF10 is a mammalian ortholog of CED-1 that interacts with clathrin assembly protein complex 2 medium chain and induces large vacuole formation. (PMID: 17643423) Suzuki E … Nakayama M (Experimental cell research 2007) 3 4 22
  3. Chromosome localization of human genes for clathrin adaptor polypeptides AP2 beta and AP50 and the clathrin-binding protein, VCP. (PMID: 8595912) Druck T … Keen JH (Genomics 1995) 2 3 22
  4. Oestrogen promotes KCNQ1 potassium channel endocytosis and postendocytic trafficking in colonic epithelium. (PMID: 23529131) Rapetti-Mauss R … Harvey BJ (The Journal of physiology 2013) 3 4
  5. Endocytosis of synaptic ADAM10 in neuronal plasticity and Alzheimer's disease. (PMID: 23676497) Marcello E … Di Luca M (The Journal of clinical investigation 2013) 3 4

Products for AP2M1 Gene

Sources for AP2M1 Gene