Aliases for ALKBH3 Gene
External Ids for ALKBH3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ALKBH3 Gene
The Escherichia coli AlkB protein protects against the cytotoxicity of methylating agents by repair of the specific DNA lesions generated in single-stranded DNA. ALKBH2 (MIM 610602) and ALKBH3 are E. coli AlkB homologs that catalyze the removal of 1-methyladenine and 3-methylcytosine (Duncan et al., 2002 [PubMed 12486230]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ALKBH3 Gene
ALKBH3 (AlkB Homolog 3, Alpha-Ketoglutarate Dependent Dioxygenase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ALKBH3 include Salivary Gland Carcinoma and Combined Oxidative Phosphorylation Deficiency 30. Among its related pathways are DNA Damage Reversal and DNA Double-Strand Break Repair. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and L-ascorbic acid binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ALKBH3 Gene
Dioxygenase that mediates demethylation of DNA and RNA containing 1-methyladenosine (m1A) (PubMed:12486230, PubMed:12594517, PubMed:16174769, PubMed:26863196, PubMed:26863410). Repairs alkylated DNA containing 1-methyladenosine (m1A) and 3-methylcytosine (m3C) by oxidative demethylation (PubMed:12486230, PubMed:12594517, PubMed:16174769, PubMed:25944111). Has a strong preference for single-stranded DNA (PubMed:12486230, PubMed:12594517, PubMed:16174769). Able to process alkylated m3C within double-stranded regions via its interaction with ASCC3, which promotes DNA unwinding to generate single-stranded substrate needed for ALKBH3 (PubMed:22055184). Also acts on RNA (PubMed:12594517, PubMed:16174769, PubMed:26863196, PubMed:26863410, PubMed:16858410). Demethylates N(1)-methyladenosine (m1A) RNA, an epigenetic internal modification of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) highly enriched within 5'-untranslated regions (UTRs) and in the vicinity of start codons (PubMed:26863196, PubMed:26863410). Requires molecular oxygen, alpha-ketoglutarate and iron (PubMed:22055184, PubMed:16858410).