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Aliases for ALKAL1 Gene

Aliases for ALKAL1 Gene

  • ALK And LTK Ligand 1 2 3 3 5
  • Family With Sequence Similarity 150 Member A 2 3
  • Protein FAM150A 3 4
  • Augmentor Beta 3 4
  • AUG-Beta 3 4
  • FAM150A 3 4
  • Family With Sequence Similarity 150, Member A 2
  • Augmentor-Alpha 3
  • Augmentor-Beta 2
  • RPLK9433 3
  • UNQ9433 3
  • AUGA 3
  • AUGB 3

External Ids for ALKAL1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for ALKAL1 Gene

  • FAM150A

Summaries for ALKAL1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for ALKAL1 Gene

ALKAL1 (ALK And LTK Ligand 1) is a Protein Coding gene. An important paralog of this gene is ALKAL2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ALKAL1 Gene

  • Ligand for receptor tyrosine kinase LTK and perhaps receptor tyrosine kinase ALK; activation of ALK is reported conflictingly.

Additional gene information for ALKAL1 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ALKAL1 Gene

Genomics for ALKAL1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for ALKAL1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for ALKAL1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH08J052565 Promoter/Enhancer 1.1 EPDnew ENCODE 650.7 +0.1 51 0.2 KLF1 SP3 L3MBTL2 SP2 ZBTB8A ZNF335 GLIS2 POLR2A HDAC2 ZBTB48 ALKAL1 GC08M052533
GH08J052566 Promoter 0.7 EPDnew 650.7 -0.6 -552 0.1 ZBTB26 ZFX EZH2 ALKAL1 LOC105375835
GH08J052939 Enhancer 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 9.8 -375.1 -375148 3.2 CTCF KLF1 ZNF777 SUZ12 SIN3A ZNF48 RAD21 ZNF335 GATA3 POLR2A GC08M052938 ALKAL1 NPBWR1
GH08J052496 Enhancer 0.6 ENCODE 11.5 +69.2 69191 0.2 CTCF PKNOX1 ZNF654 FOXA2 TRIM22 REST RAD21 ZGPAT ZNF143 SMC3 ST18 ALKAL1 GC08M052509
GH08J052466 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 4.7 +98.2 98168 1.5 PKNOX1 CLOCK FOXA2 ZFP64 SIN3A BRCA1 GLIS2 FOS RUNX3 SMARCB1 ST18 ALKAL1 RB1CC1 GC08M052509
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around ALKAL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for ALKAL1 Gene

Genomic Locations for ALKAL1 Gene
31,471 bases
Minus strand
31,471 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for ALKAL1 Gene

Genes around ALKAL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ALKAL1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ALKAL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ALKAL1 Gene

Proteins for ALKAL1 Gene

  • Protein details for ALKAL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    ALK and LTK ligand 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B7ZMG9

    Protein attributes for ALKAL1 Gene

    129 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    14269 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for ALKAL1 Gene


neXtProt entry for ALKAL1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ALKAL1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ALKAL1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ALKAL1 Gene

Domains & Families for ALKAL1 Gene

Gene Families for ALKAL1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for ALKAL1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ALKAL1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ALKAL family.
  • Belongs to the ALKAL family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ALKAL1: view

Function for ALKAL1 Gene

Molecular function for ALKAL1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Ligand for receptor tyrosine kinase LTK and perhaps receptor tyrosine kinase ALK; activation of ALK is reported conflictingly.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for ALKAL1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ALKAL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 26418745
GO:0030298 receptor signaling protein tyrosine kinase activator activity IDA 26418745
GO:0030971 receptor tyrosine kinase binding IDA 26418745
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ALKAL1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ALKAL1: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for ALKAL1

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ALKAL1 Gene

Localization for ALKAL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ALKAL1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ALKAL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ALKAL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ALKAL1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for ALKAL1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for ALKAL1 Gene

SuperPathways for ALKAL1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for ALKAL1 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 2 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000351345 Q6UXT8-ALKL1_HUMAN for ALKAL1 Gene via STRING UniProtKB

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ALKAL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0010976 positive regulation of neuron projection development IDA 26418745
GO:0061098 positive regulation of protein tyrosine kinase activity IEA --
GO:0070374 positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade IDA 26418745
GO:0070378 positive regulation of ERK5 cascade IDA 26418745
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ALKAL1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for ALKAL1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ALKAL1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for ALKAL1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for ALKAL1 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(3) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ALKAL1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ALKAL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ALKAL1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ALKAL1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ALKAL1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Widely expressed with highest levels in thyroid and moderate levels in stomach, trachea, small intestine, prostate and brain.

No data available for mRNA expression in normal human tissues , mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ALKAL1 Gene

Orthologs for ALKAL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for ALKAL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia FAM150A 34 33
  • 99.74 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC608857 33
  • 87.15 (n)
FAM150A 34
  • 70 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Fam150a 34 33
  • 85.39 (n)
Alkal1 16
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC100910984 33
  • 84.27 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia FAM150A 33
  • 81.51 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia FAM150A 34
  • 77 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia FAM150A 34
  • 58 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii FAM150A 34
  • 38 (a)
Species where no ortholog for ALKAL1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ALKAL1 Gene

Gene Tree for ALKAL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for ALKAL1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for ALKAL1: view image

Paralogs for ALKAL1 Gene

Paralogs for ALKAL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ALKAL1: view

Variants for ALKAL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ALKAL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000001045 -- 52,548,530(-) A/G intron_variant
rs1000036630 -- 52,541,763(-) A/T intron_variant
rs1000205718 -- 52,540,782(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1000277235 -- 52,555,221(-) C/A intron_variant
rs1000284729 -- 52,548,208(-) G/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ALKAL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv611357 CNV gain 21841781
nsv611356 CNV gain 21841781
nsv611355 CNV gain 21841781
nsv470213 CNV gain 18288195
nsv465680 CNV gain 19166990
esv3891395 CNV gain 25118596
esv3891394 CNV gain 25118596
esv3617216 CNV gain 21293372
esv3617214 CNV gain 21293372
esv3576572 CNV gain 25503493
esv2764065 CNV gain 21179565
esv2761192 CNV gain 21179565
dgv7219n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv7218n100 CNV gain 25217958

Variation tolerance for ALKAL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 47.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.54; 11.61% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for ALKAL1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ALKAL1 Gene

Disorders for ALKAL1 Gene

Additional Disease Information for ALKAL1

No disorders were found for ALKAL1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ALKAL1 Gene

Publications for ALKAL1 Gene

  1. FAM150A and FAM150B are activating ligands for anaplastic lymphoma kinase. (PMID: 26418745) Guan J … Palmer RH (eLife 2015) 2 3 4 58
  2. Augmentor α and β (FAM150) are ligands of the receptor tyrosine kinases ALK and LTK: Hierarchy and specificity of ligand-receptor interactions. (PMID: 26630010) Reshetnyak AV … Schlessinger J (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2015) 2 3 4 58
  3. Deorphanization of the human leukocyte tyrosine kinase (LTK) receptor by a signaling screen of the extracellular proteome. (PMID: 25331893) Zhang H … Williams LT (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2014) 3 4 58
  4. The secreted protein discovery initiative (SPDI), a large-scale effort to identify novel human secreted and transmembrane proteins: a bioinformatics assessment. (PMID: 12975309) Clark HF … Gray A (Genome research 2003) 3 4 58
  5. DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 8. (PMID: 16421571) Nusbaum C … Lander ES (Nature 2006) 4 58

Products for ALKAL1 Gene

Sources for ALKAL1 Gene

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