Aliases for ALDH1A2 Gene
External Ids for ALDH1A2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ALDH1A2 Gene
This protein belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family of proteins. The product of this gene is an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of retinoic acid (RA) from retinaldehyde. Retinoic acid, the active derivative of vitamin A (retinol), is a hormonal signaling molecule that functions in developing and adult tissues. The studies of a similar mouse gene suggest that this enzyme and the cytochrome CYP26A1, concurrently establish local embryonic retinoic acid levels which facilitate posterior organ development and prevent spina bifida. Four transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]
GeneCards Summary for ALDH1A2 Gene
ALDH1A2 (Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 1 Family Member A2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ALDH1A2 include Diaphragm Disease and Neural Tube Defects. Among its related pathways are Vitamin A and Carotenoid Metabolism and Signaling by Retinoic Acid. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and oxidoreductase activity, acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor. An important paralog of this gene is ALDH1A1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ALDH1A2 Gene
Converts retinaldehyde to retinoic acid (PubMed:29240402). Recognizes as substrates free retinal and cellular retinol-binding protein-bound retinal. Can metabolize octanal and decanal, but has only very low activity with benzaldehyde, acetaldehyde and propanal. Displays complete lack of activity with citral (By similarity).
Aldehyde dehydrogenase enzymes oxidize aldehydes to generate carboxylic acids for use in the muscle and heart. Numerous aldehyde dehydrogenase genes exist, of which ALDH2 is best known for its role in alcohol oxidation.