External Ids for AIM2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AIM2 Gene
AIM2 is a member of the IFI20X /IFI16 family. It plays a putative role in tumorigenic reversion and may control cell proliferation. Interferon-gamma induces expression of AIM2. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for AIM2 Gene
AIM2 (Absent In Melanoma 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AIM2 include Tularemia. Among its related pathways are NOD-like receptor signaling pathway and Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine rich repeat containing receptor (NLR) signaling pathways. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and double-stranded DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is PYHIN1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for AIM2 Gene
Involved in innate immune response by recognizing cytosolic double-stranded DNA and inducing caspase-1-activating inflammasome formation in macrophages. Upon binding to DNA is thought to undergo oligomerization and to associate with PYCARD initiating the recruitment of caspase-1 precusrsor and processing of interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-18. Detects cytosolic dsDNA of viral and bacterial origin in a non-sequence-specific manner. Can also trigger PYCARD-dependent, caspase-1-independent cell death that involves caspase-8 (By similarity). Tumor suppressor which may act by repressing NF-kappa-B transcriptional activity.