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Aliases for AHNAK2 Gene

Aliases for AHNAK2 Gene

  • AHNAK Nucleoprotein 2 2 3 5
  • C14orf78 3 4
  • Chromosome 14 Open Reading Frame 78 2
  • Protein AHNAK2 3
  • KIAA2019 4

External Ids for AHNAK2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for AHNAK2 Gene

  • C14orf78

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AHNAK2 Gene

  • GC14M104476
  • GC14M105556
  • GC14M105561
  • GC14M085597
  • GC14M105564
  • GC14M105569
  • GC14M105574
  • GC14M105580
  • GC14M105594
  • GC14M105601
  • GC14M105609

Summaries for AHNAK2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AHNAK2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a large nucleoprotein. The encoded protein has a tripartite domain structure with a relatively short N-terminus and a long C-terminus, separated by a large body of repeats. The N-terminal PSD-95/Discs-large/ZO-1 (PDZ)-like domain is thought to function in the formation of stable homodimers. The encoded protein may play a role in calcium signaling by associating with calcium channel proteins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2017]

GeneCards Summary for AHNAK2 Gene

AHNAK2 (AHNAK Nucleoprotein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AHNAK2 include Hard Palate Cancer. An important paralog of this gene is AHNAK.

Additional gene information for AHNAK2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AHNAK2 Gene

Genomics for AHNAK2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for AHNAK2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for AHNAK2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH14J104978 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE dbSUPER 650.7 -0.3 -329 0 ZNF335 NFIC NFIA ZNF547 VEZF1 AHNAK2 CLBA1
GH14J104953 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 650.3 +24.4 24407 0.1 AHNAK2 PIR62568 GC14P104932 GC14P104934
GH14J105013 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12 -43.0 -43002 14.8 HDGF PKNOX1 CLOCK ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZBTB7B IRF4 CDCA4 CLBA1 GPR132 AHNAK2 PIR49972 GC14P105029
GH14J105058 Promoter/Enhancer 2.4 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.4 -84.8 -84828 10 HDGF ATF1 PKNOX1 SMAD1 BATF KLF5 IRF4 ZNF143 ZNF207 ATF7 GPR132 MTA1 AHNAK2 CDCA4 JAG2 NUDT14 CLBA1 TEDC1 PLD4 BRF1
GH14J104966 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.3 +5.9 5898 12.3 HDGF PKNOX1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ZBTB7B ZNF207 ZNF143 FOS CLBA1 MTA1 AHNAK2 SIVA1 CDCA4 GPR132 IGHE CEP170B INF2 JAG2
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around AHNAK2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the AHNAK2 gene promoter:
  • GR-alpha
  • GR
  • AREB6
  • deltaCREB
  • CREB
  • PPAR-gamma1
  • PPAR-gamma2
  • AP-2gamma
  • AP-4
  • c-Myb

Genomic Locations for AHNAK2 Gene

Genomic Locations for AHNAK2 Gene
41,114 bases
Minus strand
41,114 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for AHNAK2 Gene

Genes around AHNAK2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AHNAK2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AHNAK2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AHNAK2 Gene

Proteins for AHNAK2 Gene

  • Protein details for AHNAK2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein AHNAK2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5BKX7
    • Q7Z343
    • Q7Z358
    • Q7Z394
    • Q7Z3G0
    • Q86WQ6
    • Q8IYY1
    • Q8N3G4
    • Q96EX9

    Protein attributes for AHNAK2 Gene

    5795 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    616629 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer (via PDZ domain) (PubMed:24675079). Interacts with DYSF; the interaction is direct and Ca(2+)-independent (PubMed:17185750).
    • Sequence=AAH49216.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH90889.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAC23115.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=3008; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for AHNAK2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for AHNAK2 Gene


neXtProt entry for AHNAK2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for AHNAK2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for AHNAK2 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AHNAK2 Gene

Domains & Families for AHNAK2 Gene

Gene Families for AHNAK2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for AHNAK2 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AHNAK2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AHNAK2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AHNAK2 Gene

Function for AHNAK2 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for AHNAK2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AHNAK2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding IBA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 17185750
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AHNAK2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AHNAK2: view

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AHNAK2 Gene

Localization for AHNAK2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AHNAK2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AHNAK2 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 5
nucleus 4

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (4)
  • Plasma membrane (4)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AHNAK2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm NAS 17185750
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA --
GO:0030018 Z disc ISS 21940993
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AHNAK2: view

Pathways & Interactions for AHNAK2 Gene

SuperPathways for AHNAK2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AHNAK2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001778 NOT plasma membrane repair ISS 21940993
GO:0008366 axon ensheathment IBA --
GO:0019226 transmission of nerve impulse IBA --
GO:0021675 nerve development IBA --
GO:0032287 peripheral nervous system myelin maintenance IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AHNAK2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for AHNAK2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for AHNAK2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for AHNAK2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for AHNAK2 Gene

(3) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(15) Additional mRNA sequences :
(2) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(4) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for AHNAK2 Gene

AHNAK nucleoprotein 2:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AHNAK2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for AHNAK2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AHNAK2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for AHNAK2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AHNAK2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (x8.1) and Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x7.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AHNAK2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone marrow stromal cell (11.4), Spinal cord (8.1), and Amniocyte (6.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for AHNAK2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of AHNAK2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AHNAK2 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for AHNAK2 Gene

  • Adrenal gland(5)
  • Blood(5)
  • Eye(5)
  • Gall bladder(5)
  • Heart(5)
  • Intestine(5)
  • Liver(5)
  • Lung(5)
  • Pancreas(5)
  • Nervous system(4.5)
  • Skin(4.4)
  • Kidney(4.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AHNAK2: view

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for AHNAK2 Gene

Orthologs for AHNAK2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for AHNAK2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AHNAK2 34 33
  • 93.72 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ahnak2 16 33
  • 71.83 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC490881 33
  • 71.73 (n)
  • 55 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ahnak2 33
  • 69.25 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 44 (a)
-- 34
  • 27 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AHNAK2 34
  • 29 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AHNAK2 34 33
  • 48.52 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 26 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ahnak 34
  • 13 (a)
Species where no ortholog for AHNAK2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • cow (Bos Taurus)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for AHNAK2 Gene

Gene Tree for AHNAK2 (if available)
Gene Tree for AHNAK2 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for AHNAK2: view image

Paralogs for AHNAK2 Gene

Paralogs for AHNAK2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AHNAK2: view

Variants for AHNAK2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AHNAK2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs199974920 benign, Abnormality of neuronal migration 104,952,756(-) C/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs202246282 benign, Abnormality of neuronal migration 104,950,426(-) C/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs10134675 benign, not specified 104,948,892(-) T/C/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs192951700 benign, not specified 104,946,366(-) C/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs200384326 benign, not specified 104,945,801(-) A/C/G/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AHNAK2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv952276 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv821194 CNV deletion 20802225
nsv566150 CNV loss 21841781
nsv566144 CNV gain 21841781
nsv566141 CNV gain 21841781
nsv566139 CNV loss 21841781
nsv566099 CNV gain 21841781
nsv473628 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv456458 CNV loss 19166990
nsv1438 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv1143619 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1121883 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1071178 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1070015 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1054574 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1052190 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1049253 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1042303 CNV gain 25217958
esv3635634 CNV gain 21293372
esv3635633 CNV loss 21293372
esv3635632 CNV loss 21293372
esv3635631 CNV loss 21293372
esv3635630 CNV loss 21293372
esv3635629 CNV gain 21293372
esv3552115 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3552114 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3552113 CNV deletion 23714750
esv2749272 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749271 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749270 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749269 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749268 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749265 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749261 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749259 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749258 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749257 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749256 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749255 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2749254 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2664692 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2588764 CNV loss 19546169
esv25274 CNV gain 19812545
esv2078334 CNV deletion 18987734
dgv3974n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv3973n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv390n67 CNV gain 20364138
dgv283e201 CNV deletion 23290073
dgv282e201 CNV deletion 23290073

Variation tolerance for AHNAK2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 100% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 32.50; 99.94% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for AHNAK2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AHNAK2 Gene

Disorders for AHNAK2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for AHNAK2 Gene - From: HGMD and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
hard palate cancer
  • hard palate
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for AHNAK2

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AHNAK2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for AHNAK2 Gene

Publications for AHNAK2 Gene

  1. Periaxin and AHNAK nucleoprotein 2 form intertwined homodimers through domain swapping. (PMID: 24675079) Han H … Kursula P (The Journal of biological chemistry 2014) 3 4 58
  2. AHNAK, a novel component of the dysferlin protein complex, redistributes to the cytoplasm with dysferlin during skeletal muscle regeneration. (PMID: 17185750) Huang Y … van der Maarel SM (FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 2007) 3 4 58
  3. The AHNAKs are a class of giant propeller-like proteins that associate with calcium channel proteins of cardiomyocytes and other cells. (PMID: 15007166) Komuro A … Marchesi VT (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2004) 2 3 58
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  5. AHNAK2 is a potential prognostic biomarker in patients with PDAC. (PMID: 28423668) Lu D … Hao J (Oncotarget 2017) 3 58

Products for AHNAK2 Gene

Sources for AHNAK2 Gene

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