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Aliases for AHDC1 Gene

Aliases for AHDC1 Gene

  • AT-Hook DNA Binding Motif Containing 1 2 3 5
  • AT-Hook DNA-Binding Motif-Containing Protein 1 3
  • AT Hook, DNA Binding Motif, Containing 1 2
  • MRD25 3

External Ids for AHDC1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AHDC1 Gene

  • GC01M027733
  • GC01M027860
  • GC01M026116

Summaries for AHDC1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AHDC1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein containing two AT-hooks, which likely function in DNA binding. Mutations in this gene were found in individuals with Xia-Gibbs syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

GeneCards Summary for AHDC1 Gene

AHDC1 (AT-Hook DNA Binding Motif Containing 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AHDC1 include Xia-Gibbs Syndrome and Sleep Apnea. Among its related pathways are Mesodermal Commitment Pathway.

Additional gene information for AHDC1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AHDC1 Gene

Genomics for AHDC1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for AHDC1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for AHDC1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH01J027487 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 31.2 +113.7 113735 5.8 CLOCK MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF416 ZNF143 MCM3 WASF2 ARID1A ACTG1P20 GPN2 FAM76A PHACTR4 NPM1P39 MAP3K6 PPP1R8 ENSG00000231344
GH01J026618 Enhancer 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 30.2 +984.0 984035 4 CLOCK FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF416 ZNF143 ZNF548 ARID1A HMGN2 ACTG1P20 GPN2 LOC101928324 GPATCH3 AHDC1 RPL17P9 NPM1P39 ZNF593
GH01J026691 Promoter/Enhancer 3.3 UCNEbase EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.7 +907.4 907373 12.9 MLX FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 ARID1A LOC101928728 HMGN2 ACTG1P20 LOC101928324 PIGV GPN2 GPATCH3 TMEM222 RPL17P9
GH01J028258 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 13.4 -655.5 -655537 3.7 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A YY1 POLR2B ZNF766 ZNF213 SESN2 SRSF4 SNHG12 TRNAU1AP GMEB1 YTHDF2 PHACTR4 DNAJC8 ACTG1P20 ENSG00000270605
GH01J027614 Promoter/Enhancer 2.7 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.4 -21.4 -21407 23.4 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 SMAD1 SIN3A YBX1 IRF4 ZNF207 ZNF143 MCM3 FGR ACTG1P20 ARID1A EYA3 FAM76A TRNAU1AP NPM1P39 THEMIS2 PTAFR SNHG12
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around AHDC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the AHDC1 gene promoter:
  • PPAR-gamma2
  • PPAR-gamma1
  • RORalpha1
  • GATA-2
  • c-Ets-1
  • NRSF form 1
  • NRSF form 2
  • AREB6
  • Nkx5-1
  • LUN-1

Genomic Locations for AHDC1 Gene

Genomic Locations for AHDC1 Gene
70,397 bases
Minus strand
70,397 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for AHDC1 Gene

Genes around AHDC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AHDC1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AHDC1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AHDC1 Gene

Proteins for AHDC1 Gene

  • Protein details for AHDC1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    AT-hook DNA-binding motif-containing protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5TGY4
    • Q6PJK1
    • Q6ZUQ6
    • Q99769
    • Q9NUF5

    Protein attributes for AHDC1 Gene

    1603 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    168349 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAB50205.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=1331; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAC86163.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAI19618.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for AHDC1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for AHDC1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AHDC1 Gene

Domains & Families for AHDC1 Gene

Gene Families for AHDC1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for AHDC1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AHDC1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AHDC1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AHDC1 Gene

Function for AHDC1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for AHDC1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AHDC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AHDC1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AHDC1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for AHDC1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AHDC1 Gene

Localization for AHDC1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AHDC1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 3
cytosol 2
extracellular 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AHDC1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for AHDC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AHDC1: view

Pathways by source for AHDC1 Gene

2 BioSystems pathways for AHDC1 Gene

Interacting Proteins for AHDC1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AHDC1 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for AHDC1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for AHDC1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for AHDC1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AHDC1 Gene

AT hook, DNA binding motif, containing 1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AHDC1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for AHDC1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AHDC1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for AHDC1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AHDC1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (39.7), Heart (12.2), and Adipocyte (7.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for AHDC1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for AHDC1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of AHDC1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AHDC1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for AHDC1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.3)
  • Liver(4.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for AHDC1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • chin
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • epiglottis
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • larynx
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • neck
  • nose
  • outer ear
  • skull
  • vocal cord
  • lung
  • trachea
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AHDC1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AHDC1 Gene

Orthologs for AHDC1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for AHDC1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AHDC1 34 33
  • 99.4 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AHDC1 34 33
  • 91.59 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AHDC1 34 33
  • 90.75 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ahdc1 16 34 33
  • 88.1 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ahdc1 33
  • 87.86 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AHDC1 34
  • 86 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia AHDC1 34
  • 72 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOC100859023 33
  • 75.05 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AHDC1 34
  • 64 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ahdc1 33
  • 59.83 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.14696 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ahdc1 34
  • 36 (a)
Species where no ortholog for AHDC1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for AHDC1 Gene

Gene Tree for AHDC1 (if available)
Gene Tree for AHDC1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for AHDC1: view image

Paralogs for AHDC1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for AHDC1 Gene

Variants for AHDC1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AHDC1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs587779766 pathogenic, Xia-Gibbs syndrome, Delayed speech and language development, Global developmental delay, Intellectual disability, Neonatal hypotonia, Sleep apnea, not provided, Muscular hypotonia 27,549,742(-) CACA/CA coding_sequence_variant, frameshift, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs587779767 pathogenic, Xia-Gibbs syndrome, Delayed speech and language development, Global developmental delay, Intellectual disability, Neonatal hypotonia, Sleep apnea, Muscular hypotonia 27,549,218(-) GG/G coding_sequence_variant, frameshift, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs587779768 pathogenic, Xia-Gibbs syndrome, Delayed speech and language development, Global developmental delay, Intellectual disability, Neonatal hypotonia, Sleep apnea, Muscular hypotonia 27,549,569(-) GG/G coding_sequence_variant, frameshift, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs869312858 pathogenic, Cerebral visual impairment and intellectual disability 27,550,714(-) A/AA coding_sequence_variant, frameshift, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs886039900 pathogenic, Xia-Gibbs syndrome 27,549,887(-) CC/C coding_sequence_variant, frameshift, non_coding_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AHDC1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv950343 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv522842 CNV gain 19592680
nsv520790 CNV loss 19592680
nsv508700 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv476781 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv460917 CNV loss 19166990
nsv1110128 CNV duplication 24896259
nsv1014991 CNV gain 25217958
esv6834 CNV gain 19470904
esv3585560 CNV loss 21293372
esv3375492 CNV duplication 20981092
esv28987 CNV loss 19812545
dgv220n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv219n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv14n27 CNV loss 19166990

Variation tolerance for AHDC1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 1.59% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.75; 66.48% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for AHDC1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AHDC1 Gene

Disorders for AHDC1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for AHDC1 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
xia-gibbs syndrome
  • mental retardation, autosomal dominant 25; mrd25
sleep apnea
  • sleep apnea syndromes
alacrima, achalasia, and mental retardation syndrome
  • aamr
spastic cerebral palsy
  • palsy, cerebral, spastic
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AHDC1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 25 (MRD25) [MIM:615829]: A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRD25 additional features include mild dysmorphism, hypotonia, delayed psychomotor development with absent or poor expressive language, hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, simplified gyral pattern, and delayed myelination. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24791903}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for AHDC1

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AHDC1: view

No data available for Genatlas for AHDC1 Gene

Publications for AHDC1 Gene

  1. Large-scale concatenation cDNA sequencing. (PMID: 9110174) Yu W … Gibbs RA (Genome research 1997) 2 3 4 58
  2. De novo truncating mutations in AHDC1 in individuals with syndromic expressive language delay, hypotonia, and sleep apnea. (PMID: 24791903) Xia F … Gibbs RA (American journal of human genetics 2014) 3 4 58
  3. A "double adaptor" method for improved shotgun library construction. (PMID: 8619474) Andersson B … Gibbs RA (Analytical biochemistry 1996) 2 3 58
  4. Architecture of the human interactome defines protein communities and disease networks. (PMID: 28514442) Huttlin EL … Harper JW (Nature 2017) 3 58
  5. RNA-binding activity of TRIM25 is mediated by its PRY/SPRY domain and is required for ubiquitination. (PMID: 29117863) Choudhury NR … Michlewski G (BMC biology 2017) 3 58

Products for AHDC1 Gene

Sources for AHDC1 Gene

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