This gene encodes a protein containing two AT-hooks, which likely function in DNA binding. Mutations in this gene were found in individuals with Xia-Gibbs syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014] See more...

Aliases for AHDC1 Gene

Aliases for AHDC1 Gene

  • AT-Hook DNA Binding Motif Containing 1 2 3 5
  • AT-Hook DNA-Binding Motif-Containing Protein 1 3 4
  • AT Hook, DNA Binding Motif, Containing 1 2
  • RP1-159A19.1 2
  • DJ159A19.3 2
  • MRD25 3
  • XIGIS 3
  • AHDC1 5

External Ids for AHDC1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AHDC1 Gene

  • GC01M027733
  • GC01M027860
  • GC01M026116

Summaries for AHDC1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AHDC1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein containing two AT-hooks, which likely function in DNA binding. Mutations in this gene were found in individuals with Xia-Gibbs syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014]

GeneCards Summary for AHDC1 Gene

AHDC1 (AT-Hook DNA Binding Motif Containing 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AHDC1 include Xia-Gibbs Syndrome and Sleep Apnea. Among its related pathways are Mesodermal Commitment Pathway.

No data available for CIViC Summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for AHDC1 Gene

Genomics for AHDC1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for AHDC1 Gene
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around AHDC1 on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for AHDC1

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the AHDC1 gene promoter:
  • AREB6
  • c-Ets-1
  • GATA-2
  • LUN-1
  • Nkx5-1
  • NRSF form 1
  • NRSF form 2
  • PPAR-gamma1
  • PPAR-gamma2
  • RORalpha1

Genomic Locations for AHDC1 Gene

Genomic Locations for AHDC1 Gene
70,397 bases
Minus strand
70,397 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for AHDC1 Gene

Genes around AHDC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AHDC1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AHDC1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AHDC1 Gene

Proteins for AHDC1 Gene

  • Protein details for AHDC1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    AT-hook DNA-binding motif-containing protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5TGY4
    • Q6PJK1
    • Q6ZUQ6
    • Q99769
    • Q9NUF5

    Protein attributes for AHDC1 Gene

    1603 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    168349 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAB50205.1; Type=Frameshift; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAC86163.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for AHDC1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for AHDC1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AHDC1 Gene

Domains & Families for AHDC1 Gene

Gene Families for AHDC1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for AHDC1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AHDC1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • AT-hook DNA-binding motif-containing protein 1 (AHDC1_HUMAN)
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AHDC1: view

No data available for Graphical View of Domain Structure and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AHDC1 Gene

Function for AHDC1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for AHDC1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AHDC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AHDC1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AHDC1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for AHDC1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for AHDC1

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AHDC1 Gene

Localization for AHDC1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AHDC1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 3
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1
cytosol 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AHDC1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for AHDC1 Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for AHDC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AHDC1: view

Pathways by source for AHDC1 Gene

2 BioSystems pathways for AHDC1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AHDC1 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for AHDC1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for AHDC1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for AHDC1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for AHDC1 Gene

7 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
17 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for AHDC1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AHDC1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for AHDC1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for

Expression for AHDC1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for AHDC1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AHDC1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (39.7), Heart (12.2), and Adipocyte (7.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for AHDC1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for AHDC1 Gene

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for AHDC1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AHDC1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for AHDC1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.4)
  • Liver(4.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for AHDC1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • chin
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • epiglottis
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • larynx
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • neck
  • nose
  • outer ear
  • skull
  • vocal cord
  • lung
  • trachea
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AHDC1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AHDC1 Gene

Orthologs for AHDC1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for AHDC1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AHDC1 30 31
  • 99.4 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AHDC1 30 31
  • 91.59 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AHDC1 30 31
  • 90.75 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ahdc1 30 17 31
  • 88.1 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ahdc1 30
  • 87.86 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AHDC1 31
  • 86 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia AHDC1 31
  • 72 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOC100859023 30
  • 75.05 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AHDC1 31
  • 64 (a)
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ahdc1 30
  • 59.83 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.14696 30
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ahdc1 31
  • 36 (a)
Species where no ortholog for AHDC1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Fission Yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • Fruit Fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. Lactis Yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • Rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Vase (Ciona intestinalis)
  • Sea Squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Soybean (Glycine max)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • Worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for AHDC1 Gene

Gene Tree for AHDC1 (if available)
Gene Tree for AHDC1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for AHDC1: view image

Paralogs for AHDC1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for AHDC1 Gene

Variants for AHDC1 Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for AHDC1 Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
638358 Pathogenic: Xia-Gibbs syndrome 27,549,167(-) T/TG FRAMESHIFT_VARIANT
648513 Likely Pathogenic: not provided 27,550,202(-) C/T NONSENSE
666567 Pathogenic: Xia-Gibbs syndrome 27,551,171(-) C/CT FRAMESHIFT_VARIANT
708866 Benign: not provided 27,549,694(-) T/C MISSENSE_VARIANT
710593 Likely Benign: not provided 27,549,266(-) C/T SYNONYMOUS_VARIANT

Additional dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for AHDC1 Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AHDC1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv14n27 CNV loss 19166990
dgv219n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv220n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv28987 CNV loss 19812545
esv3375492 CNV duplication 20981092
esv3585560 CNV loss 21293372
esv6834 CNV gain 19470904
nsv1014991 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1110128 CNV duplication 24896259
nsv460917 CNV loss 19166990
nsv476781 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv508700 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv520790 CNV loss 19592680
nsv522842 CNV gain 19592680
nsv950343 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for AHDC1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 1.59% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.75; 66.48% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for AHDC1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AHDC1 Gene

Disorders for AHDC1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(10) MalaCards diseases for AHDC1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, DISEASES, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AHDC1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 25 (MRD25) [MIM:615829]: A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRD25 additional features include mild dysmorphism, hypotonia, delayed psychomotor development with absent or poor expressive language, hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, simplified gyral pattern, and delayed myelination. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24791903}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AHDC1: view

No data available for Genatlas for AHDC1 Gene

Publications for AHDC1 Gene

  1. Large-scale concatenation cDNA sequencing. (PMID: 9110174) Yu W … Gibbs RA (Genome research 1997) 2 3 4
  2. De novo truncating mutations in AHDC1 in individuals with syndromic expressive language delay, hypotonia, and sleep apnea. (PMID: 24791903) Xia F … Gibbs RA (American journal of human genetics 2014) 3 4
  3. A "double adaptor" method for improved shotgun library construction. (PMID: 8619474) Andersson B … Gibbs RA (Analytical biochemistry 1996) 2 3
  4. H4K20me0 recognition by BRCA1-BARD1 directs homologous recombination to sister chromatids. (PMID: 30804502) Nakamura K … Groth A (Nature cell biology 2019) 3
  5. WWP2 ubiquitylates RNA polymerase II for DNA-PK-dependent transcription arrest and repair at DNA breaks. (PMID: 31048545) Caron P … van Attikum H (Genes & development 2019) 3

Products for AHDC1 Gene

Sources for AHDC1 Gene