Aliases for AGK Gene
External Ids for AGK Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for AGK Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AGK Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a mitochondrial membrane protein involved in lipid and glycerolipid metabolism. The encoded protein is a lipid kinase that catalyzes the formation of phosphatidic and lysophosphatidic acids. Defects in this gene have been associated with mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 10. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]
GeneCards Summary for AGK Gene
AGK (Acylglycerol Kinase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AGK include Sengers Syndrome and Cataract 38. Among its related pathways are HIV Life Cycle and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include NAD+ kinase activity and lipid kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CERK.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for AGK Gene
Lipid kinase that can phosphorylate both monoacylglycerol and diacylglycerol to form lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and phosphatidic acid (PA), respectively (PubMed:15939762). Does not phosphorylate sphingosine (PubMed:15939762). Phosphorylates ceramide (By similarity). Phosphorylates 1,2-dioleoylglycerol more rapidly than 2,3-dioleoylglycerol (By similarity). Independently of its lipid kinase activity, acts as a component of the TIM22 complex (PubMed:28712724, PubMed:28712726). The TIM22 complex mediates the import and insertion of multi-pass transmembrane proteins into the mitochondrial inner membrane by forming a twin-pore translocase that uses the membrane potential as the external driving force (PubMed:28712724, PubMed:28712726). In the TIM22 complex, required for the import of a subset of metabolite carriers into mitochondria, such as ANT1/SLC25A4 and SLC25A24, while it is not required for the import of TIMM23 (PubMed:28712724). Overexpression increases the formation and secretion of LPA, resulting in transactivation of EGFR and activation of the downstream MAPK signaling pathway, leading to increased cell growth (PubMed:15939762).