Aliases for AGK Gene
External Ids for AGK Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for AGK Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AGK Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a mitochondrial membrane protein involved in lipid and glycerolipid metabolism. The encoded protein is a lipid kinase that catalyzes the formation of phosphatidic and lysophosphatidic acids. Defects in this gene have been associated with mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 10. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2012]
GeneCards Summary for AGK Gene
AGK (Acylglycerol Kinase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AGK include Sengers Syndrome and Cataract 38. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Fatty Acyl-CoA Biosynthesis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include NAD+ kinase activity and lipid kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is SPHK2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for AGK Gene
Lipid kinase that can phosphorylate both monoacylglycerol and diacylglycerol to form lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and phosphatidic acid (PA), respectively (PubMed:15939762). Does not phosphorylate sphingosine (PubMed:15939762). Phosphorylates ceramide (By similarity). Phosphorylates 1,2-dioleoylglycerol more rapidly than 2,3-dioleoylglycerol (By similarity). Independently of its lipid kinase activity, acts as a component of the TIM22 complex (PubMed:28712724, PubMed:28712726). The TIM22 complex mediates the import and insertion of multi-pass transmembrane proteins into the mitochondrial inner membrane by forming a twin-pore translocase that uses the membrane potential as the external driving force (PubMed:28712724, PubMed:28712726). In the TIM22 complex, required for the import of a subset of metabolite carriers into mitochondria, such as ANT1/SLC25A4 and SLC25A24, while it is not required for the import of TIMM23 (PubMed:28712724). Overexpression increases the formation and secretion of LPA, resulting in transactivation of EGFR and activation of the downstream MAPK signaling pathway, leading to increased cell growth (PubMed:15939762).