Aliases for ADRA2B Gene
External Ids for ADRA2B Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ADRA2B Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADRA2B Gene
This intronless gene encodes a seven-pass transmembrane protein. This protein is a member of a subfamily of G protein-coupled receptors that regulate neurotransmitter release from sympathetic nerves and from adrenergic neurons in the central nervous system. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]
GeneCards Summary for ADRA2B Gene
ADRA2B (Adrenoceptor Alpha 2B) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADRA2B include Epilepsy, Familial Adult Myoclonic, 2 and Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy. Among its related pathways are Response to elevated platelet cytosolic Ca2+ and Monoamine GPCRs. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and alpha2-adrenergic receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADRA2C.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADRA2B Gene
Alpha-2 adrenergic receptors mediate the catecholamine-induced inhibition of adenylate cyclase through the action of G proteins. The rank order of potency for agonists of this receptor is clonidine > norepinephrine > epinephrine = oxymetazoline > dopamine > p-tyramine = phenylephrine > serotonin > p-synephrine / p-octopamine. For antagonists, the rank order is yohimbine > chlorpromazine > phentolamine > mianserine > spiperone > prazosin > alprenolol > propanolol > pindolol.
Adrenergic alpha2 receptors (alpha2-adrenoceptors) are members of the adrenergic receptor group of G-protein-coupled receptors that also includes alpha1A, alpha1B, alpha1D, beta1, beta2 and beta3. Adrenergic alpha2 receptors are divided into three subtypes in humans: alpha2A, alpha2B and alpha2C.