Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for ADNP Gene

Aliases for ADNP Gene

  • Activity Dependent Neuroprotector Homeobox 2 3 5
  • Activity-Dependent Neuroprotective Protein 3 4
  • Activity-Dependent Neuroprotector 2 3
  • ADNP Homeobox 1 2 3
  • ADNP1 3 4
  • Activity-Dependent Neuroprotector Homeobox Protein 3
  • KIAA0784 4
  • HVDAS 3
  • MRD28 3

External Ids for ADNP Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADNP Gene

  • GC20M049235
  • GC20M050145
  • GC20M050192
  • GC20M048940
  • GC20M049505
  • GC20M046255

Summaries for ADNP Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ADNP Gene

  • Vasoactive intestinal peptide is a neuroprotective factor that has a stimulatory effect on the growth of some tumor cells and an inhibitory effect on others. This gene encodes a protein that is upregulated by vasoactive intestinal peptide and may be involved in its stimulatory effect on certain tumor cells. The encoded protein contains one homeobox and nine zinc finger domains, suggesting that it functions as a transcription factor. This gene is also upregulated in normal proliferative tissues. Finally, the encoded protein may increase the viability of certain cell types through modulation of p53 activity. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ADNP Gene

ADNP (Activity Dependent Neuroprotector Homeobox) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADNP include Helsmoortel-Van Der Aa Syndrome and Growth Hormone Deficiency. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is ADNP2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADNP Gene

  • Potential transcription factor. May mediate some of the neuroprotective peptide VIP-associated effects involving normal growth and cancer proliferation.

Additional gene information for ADNP Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ADNP Gene

Genomics for ADNP Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for ADNP Gene

Promoters and enhancers for ADNP Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH20J050928 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 716.1 +0.7 709 4.5 CLOCK DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC SSRP1 ADNP ADNP-AS1 DPM1 MOCS3 ENSG00000232043 PTPN1 RNF114 PSMD10P1 KRT18P4 CEBPB
GH20J050905 Promoter 0.7 EPDnew 650.3 +25.8 25846 0.1 ZNF316 CEBPB CEBPG ADNP PSMD10P1 PIR37010
GH20J050186 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 112.7 +740.1 740143 10.3 CLOCK MLX ZFP64 YBX1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 CEBPB CEBPB-AS1 GC20P050191 ADNP DDX27 DPM1 ENSG00000232043 MOCS3 PSMD10P1 RNF114
GH20J050507 Promoter/Enhancer 2.6 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 59.7 +416.1 416070 14.7 MLX ZFP64 YBX1 FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF548 SP3 PTPN1 GC20P050514 ADNP ENSG00000232043 DPM1 CEBPB PSMD10P1 MOCS3 LINC01273 MIR645
GH20J050162 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 57.7 +766.5 766464 5.1 CLOCK MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 LOC101927512 ENSG00000234698 TMEM189 DDX27 ADNP ENSG00000232043 LINC01273 DPM1 PSMD10P1 PTPN1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around ADNP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the ADNP gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for ADNP Gene

Genomic Locations for ADNP Gene
42,506 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for ADNP Gene

Genes around ADNP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ADNP Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ADNP Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ADNP Gene

Proteins for ADNP Gene

  • Protein details for ADNP Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Activity-dependent neuroprotector homeobox protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • E1P5Y2
    • O94881
    • Q5BKU2
    • Q9UG34

    Protein attributes for ADNP Gene

    1102 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    123563 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • When isolated from the sequence, neuroprotective peptide (NAP) provides neuroprotection against the amyloid-beta peptide.

neXtProt entry for ADNP Gene

Post-translational modifications for ADNP Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys777, posLast=773773, and Lys126
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ADNP Gene

Domains & Families for ADNP Gene

Gene Families for ADNP Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Transcription factors

Protein Domains for ADNP Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ADNP Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ADNP: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADNP Gene

Function for ADNP Gene

Molecular function for ADNP Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Potential transcription factor. May mediate some of the neuroprotective peptide VIP-associated effects involving normal growth and cancer proliferation.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for ADNP Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ADNP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000981 RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding ISM 19274049
GO:0003676 nucleic acid binding IEA --
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0003682 chromatin binding IEA --
GO:0005507 copper ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADNP: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ADNP: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for ADNP Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for ADNP Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ADNP:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for ADNP

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ADNP Gene

Localization for ADNP Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADNP Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ADNP gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 3
extracellular 2
cytosol 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ADNP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005615 extracellular space IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0030424 axon IEA --
GO:0030425 dendrite IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADNP: view

Pathways & Interactions for ADNP Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ADNP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II IEA --
GO:0007614 short-term memory IEA --
GO:0009743 response to carbohydrate IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADNP: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for ADNP Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ADNP Gene

(1) Drugs for ADNP Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(1) Additional Compounds for ADNP Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ADNP: view

Transcripts for ADNP Gene

Unigene Clusters for ADNP Gene

Activity-dependent neuroprotector homeobox:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for ADNP

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ADNP Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ADNP Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ADNP Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for ADNP Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ADNP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (13.5), Fetal testis (7.0), and CD8 Tcells (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for ADNP Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ADNP Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ADNP Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ADNP Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ADNP Gene:

Tissue specificity: Widely expressed. Strong expression in heart, skeletal muscle, kidney and placenta. In brain, expression is stronger in the cerebellum and cortex regions. No expression detected in the colon. Strong increase of expression in colon and breast cancer tissues.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ADNP Gene

  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Liver(4.3)
  • Intestine(2.1)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ADNP Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cranial nerve
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • forehead
  • head
  • lip
  • nose
  • skull
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ADNP: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for ADNP Gene

Orthologs for ADNP Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for ADNP Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ADNP 34 33
  • 99.67 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia bta-mir-6527 34
  • 97 (a)
  • 92.13 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ADNP 34 33
  • 94.46 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ADNP 34
  • 91 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Adnp 33
  • 90.25 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Adnp 16 34 33
  • 90.12 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ADNP 34
  • 84 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ADNP 34 33
  • 80.78 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ADNP 34
  • 19 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia adnp 33
  • 69.87 (n)
Str.4445 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii adnp 33
  • 63.34 (n)
adnpb 34
  • 54 (a)
adnpa 34
  • 48 (a)
wufi72f04 33
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4117 33
Species where no ortholog for ADNP was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ADNP Gene

Gene Tree for ADNP (if available)
Gene Tree for ADNP (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for ADNP: view image

Paralogs for ADNP Gene

Paralogs for ADNP Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for ADNP Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ADNP: view

Variants for ADNP Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ADNP Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 20 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1057518978 pathogenic, Helsmoortel-van der aa syndrome 50,892,396(-) TTT/TTTT coding_sequence_variant, frameshift
rs1057518991 likely-pathogenic, Autism, severe, intellectual deficiency 50,894,041(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, stop_gained
rs11480415 likely-benign, benign, Congenital disorder of glycosylation, not provided, Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1E 50,935,243(-) /A/AA/AAA upstream_transcript_variant
rs146262101 uncertain-significance, Congenital disorder of glycosylation 50,935,136(-) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs369538517 likely-benign, Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1E 50,935,231(-) T/C/G upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ADNP Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1072547 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1143987 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv834002 CNV loss 17160897
nsv954057 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for ADNP Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 3.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.16; 39.19% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for ADNP Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADNP Gene

Disorders for ADNP Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for ADNP Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
helsmoortel-van der aa syndrome
  • hvdas
growth hormone deficiency
  • isolated somatotropin deficiency
  • thyroid deficiency
corpus callosum, agenesis of
  • acc
seizure disorder
  • epilepsy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search ADNP in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Helsmoortel-van der Aa syndrome (HVDAS) [MIM:615873]: A disorder characterized by intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, and dysmorphic facial features including prominent forehead, high hairline, downslanting palpebral fissures, notched eyelids, broad nasal bridge, thin upper lip, and smooth philtrum. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24531329}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for ADNP

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ADNP: view

No data available for Genatlas for ADNP Gene

Publications for ADNP Gene

  1. Cloning and characterization of the human activity-dependent neuroprotective protein. (PMID: 11013255) Zamostiano R … Gozes I (The Journal of biological chemistry 2001) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. XI. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which code for large proteins in vitro. (PMID: 9872452) Nagase T … Ohara O (DNA research : an international journal for rapid publication of reports on genes and genomes 1998) 2 3 4 58
  3. A SWI/SNF-related autism syndrome caused by de novo mutations in ADNP. (PMID: 24531329) Helsmoortel C … Van der Aa N (Nature genetics 2014) 3 4 58
  4. Expression of activity-dependent neuroprotective protein in the immune system: possible functions and relevance to multiple sclerosis. (PMID: 19923857) Braitch M … Constantinescu CS (Neuroimmunomodulation 2010) 3 22 58
  5. Genetic risk factors for diabetic nephropathy on chromosomes 6p and 7q identified by the set-association approach. (PMID: 17345061) Kanková K … Ott J (Diabetologia 2007) 3 44 58

Products for ADNP Gene

Sources for ADNP Gene

Loading form....