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Aliases for ADH6 Gene

Aliases for ADH6 Gene

  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase 6 (Class V) 2 3 5
  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase 6 3
  • Aldehyde Reductase 3
  • EC 1.1.1.1 4
  • ADH-5 3

External Ids for ADH6 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADH6 Gene

  • GC04M100373
  • GC04M100516
  • GC04M100584
  • GC04M100480
  • GC04M100123
  • GC04M095861

Summaries for ADH6 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ADH6 Gene

  • This gene encodes class V alcohol dehydrogenase, which is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. This gene is expressed in the stomach as well as in the liver, and it contains a glucocorticoid response element upstream of its 5' UTR, which is a steroid hormone receptor binding site. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ADH6 Gene

ADH6 (Alcohol Dehydrogenase 6 (Class V)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADH6 include Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Alcohol Dependence. Among its related pathways are Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450 and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and alcohol dehydrogenase (NAD) activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADH1B.

Gene Wiki entry for ADH6 Gene

Additional gene information for ADH6 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ADH6 Gene

Genomics for ADH6 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for ADH6 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for ADH6 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH04J099218 Enhancer 0.8 ENCODE 650.7 +0.1 139 0.9 ELF3 FOXA2 ZSCAN9 RAD21 YY1 ZNF614 CREM THAP11 MIXL1 PAF1 ADH6 ENSG00000272777 ADH1A PCNAP2 LOC100507053
GH04J099402 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.3 -184.9 -184925 3.6 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 ARID2 ZNF207 ZNF143 ATF7 LOC102723576 ADH4 ADH6 LOC100507053 PCNAP1 ADH5 ADH1A ADH1B ADH1C
GH04J099143 Promoter/Enhancer 1.3 EPDnew ENCODE 10 +75.2 75169 1.5 ELF3 FOXA2 RAD21 YY1 ZNF614 CREM THAP11 HMG20B RXRA CEBPB ADH4 LOC100507053 ADH5 ADH1A ADH6 PIR42405
GH04J099204 Enhancer 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 12.1 +14.1 14109 1.1 SOX13 RXRA HLF CEBPB CEBPG PPARG RAD21 SP1 JUND CEBPA ADH6 PCNAP1 ADH4 LOC100507053 PCNAP2
GH04J099202 Enhancer 0.7 Ensembl ENCODE 12.1 +16.8 16763 1.1 FOXA2 RXRA RAD21 NR2F2 LOC100507053 ADH6 ADH1A PCNAP2
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around ADH6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the ADH6 gene promoter:
  • Lmo2
  • AML1a
  • NRSF form 2
  • NRSF form 1
  • TBP
  • Hlf
  • Pax-4a
  • LyF-1
  • TFIID

Genomic Locations for ADH6 Gene

Genomic Locations for ADH6 Gene
chr4:99,202,638-99,219,537
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
16,900 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand
chr4:100,123,795-100,140,694
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
16,900 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for ADH6 Gene

Genes around ADH6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ADH6 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ADH6 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ADH6 Gene

Proteins for ADH6 Gene

  • Protein details for ADH6 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P28332-ADH6_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Alcohol dehydrogenase 6
    Protein Accession:
    P28332
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KS45
    • Q58F53

    Protein attributes for ADH6 Gene

    Size:
    368 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    39089 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    Miscellaneous:
    • There are 7 different ADHs isozymes in human: three belongs to class-I: alpha, beta, and gamma, one to class-II: pi, one to class-III: chi, one to class-IV: ADH7 and one to class-V: ADH6.

    Alternative splice isoforms for ADH6 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for ADH6 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ADH6 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ADH6 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ADH6 Gene

Domains & Families for ADH6 Gene

Gene Families for ADH6 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ADH6 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P28332

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ADH6_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the zinc-containing alcohol dehydrogenase family. Class-V subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the zinc-containing alcohol dehydrogenase family. Class-V subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ADH6: view

Function for ADH6 Gene

Molecular function for ADH6 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
A primary alcohol + NAD(+) = an aldehyde + NADH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
A secondary alcohol + NAD(+) = a ketone + NADH.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ADH6 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for ADH6 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ADH6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004022 alcohol dehydrogenase (NAD) activity IDA 1755855
GO:0004024 alcohol dehydrogenase activity, zinc-dependent EXP 9982
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding NAS,IEA 1593644
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADH6: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ADH6: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for ADH6 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ADH6

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ADH6 Gene

Localization for ADH6 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADH6 Gene

Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ADH6 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 2
plasma membrane 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ADH6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADH6: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for ADH6 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for ADH6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ADH6: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ADH6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006069 ethanol oxidation TAS --
GO:0045471 response to ethanol IDA 1755855
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADH6: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ADH6 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ADH6 Gene

(14) Drugs for ADH6 Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Ethanol Approved Pharma Enzyme 2326
Abacavir Approved, Investigational Pharma Enzyme, substrate 222
NADH Approved Nutra Enzyme, substrate, activator 0
Chloral hydrate Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet_approved Pharma 17
Glycerol Approved, Investigational Pharma 175

(19) Additional Compounds for ADH6 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
1-Hexanol
  • 1-Hexyl alcohol
  • 1-Hydroxyhexane
  • Caproic alcohol
  • Hexanol
  • N-Hexyl alcohol
111-27-3
1-Pentanol
  • 1-Pentol
  • 1-Pentyl alcohol
  • Alcool amylique
  • Amyl alcohol, normal
  • Amylalkohol
71-41-0
2,2,2-Trichloroethanol
  • 2,2,2-trichloro-1-Ethanol
  • Trichloroethanol
  • (Hydroxymethyl)trichloromethane
  • 2, 2,2-Trichloroethanol
  • 2,2,2-trichloro-Ethanol
115-20-8
2-Phenyl-1,3-propanediol monocarbamate
3,4-Dihydroxymandelaldehyde
  • 3,4-Dihydroxymandelic aldehyde
  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylglycolaldehyde
  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylglycolic aldehyde
  • alpha,3,4-Trihydroxybenzeneacetaldehyde
  • alpha,3,4-Trihydroxyphenylacetaldehyde
13023-73-9
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ADH6: view

Transcripts for ADH6 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for ADH6 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ADH6 Gene

Alcohol dehydrogenase 6 (class V):
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ADH6 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b
SP1: - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - -
SP4:

Relevant External Links for ADH6 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ADH6
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ADH6

Expression for ADH6 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for ADH6 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ADH6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x41.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ADH6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (36.4) and Liver, secretome (18.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for ADH6 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ADH6 Gene:

ADH6

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ADH6 Gene:

Hs.586161

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ADH6 Gene:

P28332-ADH6_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Stomach and liver.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ADH6 Gene

  • Liver(4.8)
  • Intestine(4.2)
  • Kidney(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ADH6: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ADH6 Gene

Orthologs for ADH6 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for ADH6 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ADH6 34 33
  • 99.82 (n)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ADH6 34 33
  • 84.58 (n)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Adh6 33
  • 74.4 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ADH6 34
  • 62 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ADH6 34
  • 59 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ADH6 34
  • 57 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Adh6a 34
  • 55 (a)
OneToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ADH6 34 33
  • 64.71 (n)
ManyToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 61 (a)
ManyToMany
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100487939 33
  • 62.47 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii zgc:77938 34
  • 53 (a)
ManyToMany
adh8a 34
  • 52 (a)
ManyToMany
zgc:63568 34
  • 51 (a)
ManyToMany
adh8b 34
  • 49 (a)
ManyToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Fdh 34
  • 50 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea H24K24.3 34
  • 47 (a)
ManyToMany
Y50D4C.2 34
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes SFA1 34
  • 42 (a)
OneToMany
Alicante grape
(Vitis vinifera)
eudicotyledons Vvi.80 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.1497 34
  • 51 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for ADH6 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ADH6 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ADH6 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ADH6 (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for ADH6: view image

Paralogs for ADH6 Gene

Paralogs for ADH6 Gene

(7) SIMAP similar genes for ADH6 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

  • ADH6_HUMAN
  • B7ZAL1_HUMAN
  • D6RDN5_HUMAN
  • D6RH17_HUMAN
  • E9PBI1_HUMAN
  • H0Y8U2_HUMAN
  • L8E8M5_HUMAN

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for ADH6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ADH6: view

Variants for ADH6 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ADH6 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000086542 -- 99,212,442(-) T/G intron_variant
rs10002894 -- 99,220,083(-) G/A/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000518001 -- 99,206,561(-) G/A intron_variant
rs1000690673 -- 99,214,448(-) C/G intron_variant
rs10008281 -- 99,221,145(-) C/A/T upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ADH6 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv5345n100 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1002574 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1002927 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1128084 CNV deletion 24896259

Variation tolerance for ADH6 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 61% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.72; 32.71% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for ADH6 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
ADH6

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADH6 Gene

Disorders for ADH6 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for ADH6 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
  • fetal alcohol syndrome
alcohol dependence
  • alcoholism
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search ADH6 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for ADH6

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ADH6: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ADH6 Gene

Publications for ADH6 Gene

  1. A human alcohol dehydrogenase gene (ADH6) encoding an additional class of isozyme. (PMID: 1881901) Yasunami M … Yoshida A (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1991) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Diplotype trend regression analysis of the ADH gene cluster and the ALDH2 gene: multiple significant associations with alcohol dependence. (PMID: 16685648) Luo X … Gelernter J (American journal of human genetics 2006) 3 22 44 58
  3. MicroRNA-related genetic variations as predictors for risk of second primary tumor and/or recurrence in patients with early-stage head and neck cancer. (PMID: 20819778) Zhang X … Wu X (Carcinogenesis 2010) 3 44 58
  4. Association study between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 199 drug-related genes and commonly measured quantitative traits of 752 healthy Japanese subjects. (PMID: 19343046) Saito A … Kamatani N (Journal of human genetics 2009) 3 44 58
  5. Functional variants in ADH1B and ALDH2 coupled with alcohol and smoking synergistically enhance esophageal cancer risk. (PMID: 19698717) Cui R … Matsuda K (Gastroenterology 2009) 3 44 58

Products for ADH6 Gene

Sources for ADH6 Gene

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