Aliases for ADH4 Gene
External Ids for ADH4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADH4 Gene
This gene encodes class II alcohol dehydrogenase 4 pi subunit, which is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this enzyme family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. Class II alcohol dehydrogenase is a homodimer composed of 2 pi subunits. It exhibits a high activity for oxidation of long-chain aliphatic alcohols and aromatic alcohols and is less sensitive to pyrazole. This gene is localized to chromosome 4 in the cluster of alcohol dehydrogenase genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ADH4 Gene
ADH4 (Alcohol Dehydrogenase 4 (Class II), Pi Polypeptide) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADH4 include Alcohol Dependence and Substance Dependence. Among its related pathways are Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450 and Signaling by Retinoic Acid. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and NAD binding. An important paralog of this gene is ADH5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ADH4 Gene
Catalyzes the NAD-dependent oxidation of either all-trans-retinol or 9-cis-retinol (PubMed:17279314). Also oxidizes long chain omega-hydroxy fatty acids, such as 20-HETE, producing both the intermediate aldehyde, 20-oxoarachidonate and the end product, a dicarboxylic acid, (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-eicosatetraenedioate (PubMed:16081420). Also catalyzes the reduction of benzoquinones (PubMed:10514444).