Aliases for ADH4 Gene
External Ids for ADH4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADH4 Gene
This gene encodes class II alcohol dehydrogenase 4 pi subunit, which is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this enzyme family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. Class II alcohol dehydrogenase is a homodimer composed of 2 pi subunits. It exhibits a high activity for oxidation of long-chain aliphatic alcohols and aromatic alcohols and is less sensitive to pyrazole. This gene is localized to chromosome 4 in the cluster of alcohol dehydrogenase genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ADH4 Gene
ADH4 (Alcohol Dehydrogenase 4 (Class II), Pi Polypeptide) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADH4 include Alcohol Dependence and Substance Dependence. Among its related pathways are Glucose metabolism and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and NAD binding. An important paralog of this gene is ADH5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ADH4 Gene
Catalyzes the NAD-dependent oxidation of either all-trans-retinol or 9-cis-retinol (PubMed:17279314). Also oxidizes long chain omega-hydroxy fatty acids, such as 20-HETE, producing both the intermediate aldehyde, 20-oxoarachidonate and the end product, a dicarboxylic acid, (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-eicosatetraenedioate (PubMed:16081420). Also catalyzes the reduction of benzoquinones (PubMed:10514444).