Aliases for ADH1B Gene
External Ids for ADH1B Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ADH1B Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADH1B Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this enzyme family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. This encoded protein, consisting of several homo- and heterodimers of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits, exhibits high activity for ethanol oxidation and plays a major role in ethanol catabolism. Three genes encoding alpha, beta and gamma subunits are tandemly organized in a genomic segment as a gene cluster. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2013]
GeneCards Summary for ADH1B Gene
ADH1B (Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1B (Class I), Beta Polypeptide) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADH1B include Alcohol Dependence and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450 and acetone degradation I (to methylglyoxal). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and alcohol dehydrogenase activity, zinc-dependent. An important paralog of this gene is ADH1C.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ADH1B Gene
Catalyzes the NAD-dependent oxidation of all-trans-retinol and its derivatives such as all-trans-4-hydroxyretinol and may participate in retinoid metabolism (PubMed:15369820, PubMed:16787387). In vitro can also catalyzes the NADH-dependent reduction of all-trans-retinal and its derivatives such as all-trans-4-oxoretinal (PubMed:15369820, PubMed:16787387). Catalyzes in the oxidative direction with higher efficiency (PubMed:16787387). Has the same affinity for all-trans-4-hydroxyretinol and all-trans-4-oxoretinal (PubMed:15369820).