Aliases for ADCY7 Gene
External Ids for ADCY7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADCY7 Gene
This gene encodes a membrane-bound adenylate cyclase that catalyses the formation of cyclic AMP from ATP and is inhibitable by calcium. The product of this gene is a member of the adenylyl cyclase class-4/guanylyl cyclase enzyme family that is characterized by the presence of twelve membrane-spanning domains in its sequences. Several transcript variants have been observed for this gene, but the full-length natures of only two have been determined so far. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2013]
GeneCards Summary for ADCY7 Gene
ADCY7 (Adenylate Cyclase 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Oxytocin signaling pathway and Adenylate cyclase inhibitory pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include phosphorus-oxygen lyase activity and adenylate cyclase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADCY2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ADCY7 Gene
Catalyzes the formation of cAMP in response to activation of G protein-coupled receptors (Probable). Functions in signaling cascades activated namely by thrombin and sphingosine 1-phosphate and mediates regulation of cAMP synthesis through synergistic action of the stimulatory G alpha protein with GNA13 (PubMed:23229509, PubMed:18541530). Also, during inflammation, mediates zymosan-induced increase intracellular cAMP, leading to protein kinase A pathway activation in order to modulate innate immune responses through heterotrimeric G proteins G(12/13) (By similarity). Functions in signaling cascades activated namely by dopamine and C5 alpha chain and mediates regulation of cAMP synthesis through synergistic action of the stimulatory G protein with G beta:gamma complex (PubMed:23842570, PubMed:23229509). Functions, through cAMP response regulation, to keep inflammation under control during bacterial infection by sensing the presence of serum factors, such as the bioactive lysophospholipid (LPA) that regulate LPS-induced TNF-alpha production. However, it is also required for the optimal functions of B and T cells during adaptive immune responses by regulating cAMP synthesis in both B and T cells (By similarity).
Adenylyl Cyclases (AC) are a group of enzymes that convert adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) into 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cyclic AMP/cAMP) and pyrophosphate. There are ten different mammalian isoforms of adenylyl cylase; nine of which are membrane-bound.