Aliases for ADCY5 Gene
External Ids for ADCY5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADCY5 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the membrane-bound adenylyl cyclase enzymes. Adenylyl cyclases mediate G protein-coupled receptor signaling through the synthesis of the second messenger cAMP. Activity of the encoded protein is stimulated by the Gs alpha subunit of G protein-coupled receptors and is inhibited by protein kinase A, calcium and Gi alpha subunits. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in this gene may be associated with low birth weight and type 2 diabetes. Alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]
GeneCards Summary for ADCY5 Gene
ADCY5 (Adenylate Cyclase 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADCY5 include Dyskinesia, Familial, With Facial Myokymia and Chorea, Benign Hereditary. Among its related pathways are Ovarian steroidogenesis and G-protein signaling G-Protein alpha-i signaling cascades. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein heterodimerization activity and phosphorus-oxygen lyase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADCY6.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADCY5 Gene
Catalyzes the formation of the signaling molecule cAMP in response to G-protein signaling (PubMed:15385642, PubMed:26206488, PubMed:24700542). Mediates signaling downstream of ADRB1 (PubMed:24700542). Regulates the increase of free cytosolic Ca(2+) in response to increased blood glucose levels and contributes to the regulation of Ca(2+)-dependent insulin secretion (PubMed:24740569).
Adenylyl Cyclases (AC) are a group of enzymes that convert adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) into 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cyclic AMP/cAMP) and pyrophosphate. There are ten different mammalian isoforms of adenylyl cylase; nine of which are membrane-bound.