Aliases for ADCY3 Gene
External Ids for ADCY3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADCY3 Gene
This gene encodes adenylyl cyclase 3 which is a membrane-associated enzyme and catalyzes the formation of the secondary messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). This protein appears to be widely expressed in various human tissues and may be involved in a number of physiological and pathophysiological metabolic processes. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2016]
GeneCards Summary for ADCY3 Gene
ADCY3 (Adenylate Cyclase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ADCY3 include Body Mass Index Quantitative Trait Locus 19. Among its related pathways are Human Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) signaling pathway and ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 12. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleotide binding and phosphorus-oxygen lyase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADCY5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADCY3 Gene
Catalyzes the formation of the signaling molecule cAMP in response to G-protein signaling. Participates in signaling cascades triggered by odorant receptors via its function in cAMP biosynthesis. Required for the perception of odorants. Required for normal sperm motility and normal male fertility. Plays a role in regulating insulin levels and body fat accumulation in response to a high fat diet.
Adenylyl Cyclases (AC) are a group of enzymes that convert adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) into 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cyclic AMP/cAMP) and pyrophosphate. There are ten different mammalian isoforms of adenylyl cylase; nine of which are membrane-bound.