Aliases for ADAD2 Gene

Aliases for ADAD2 Gene

  • Adenosine Deaminase Domain Containing 2 2 3 5
  • Adenosine Deaminase Domain-Containing Protein 2 3 4
  • TENRL 3 4
  • Testis Nuclear RNA-Binding Protein-Like 4

External Ids for ADAD2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ADAD2 Gene

  • GC16P082783
  • GC16P084224
  • GC16P069978

Summaries for ADAD2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for ADAD2 Gene

ADAD2 (Adenosine Deaminase Domain Containing 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include RNA binding and adenosine deaminase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADARB1.

Additional gene information for ADAD2 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC Summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for ADAD2 Gene

Genomics for ADAD2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for ADAD2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for ADAD2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH16J084191 Promoter 0.7 EPDnew 750.6 +0.1 70 0.1 SP1 NFYC L3MBTL2 PKNOX1 ZBTB33 MGA NFYB PBX2 ADAD2 piR-43106-089 TAF1C ZDHHC7 ENSG00000250685
GH16J084190 Enhancer 0.6 ENCODE 750.6 -0.1 -67 0.1 SP1 NFYC L3MBTL2 PKNOX1 ZBTB33 MGA EGR1 NFYB MBD2 ZFHX2 ADAD2 piR-43106-089 TAF1C ZDHHC7
GH16J084281 Enhancer 0.8 FANTOM5 ENCODE 43.6 +90.1 90144 0.2 SP1 NFYC PKNOX1 SP2 DDX20 NFYA NFYB MBD2 PBX2 CEBPB ADAD2 DNAAF1 ENSG00000260300 TAF1C KLHL36 ZDHHC7 WFDC1 RF00001-139 RNA5SP433
GH16J084183 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 12.2 -5.5 -5476 4.1 GTF3C2 SIN3A ZNF24 ZBTB40 CTCF MLX RBPJ POLR2A NR2F6 CREB1 TAF1C lnc-KCNG4-3 lnc-KCNG4-4 KLHL36 ENSG00000261243 ENSG00000250685 ENSG00000260300 ADAD2 ZDHHC7 MEAK7
GH16J084043 Enhancer 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 10.6 -147.3 -147316 2.4 CTCF RBPJ SMARCE1 RUNX1 RAD21 DACH1 TEAD4 ZKSCAN8 ZNF148 ELF3 SLC38A8 TAF1C NECAB2 OSGIN1 ADAD2 DNAAF1 HSDL1 KCNG4 MBTPS1 ENSG00000285792
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around ADAD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the ADAD2 gene promoter:
  • AREB6
  • COMP1
  • GATA-2
  • MyoD
  • NF-1
  • NF-1/L
  • Olf-1
  • RORalpha1
  • STAT5B

Genomic Locations for ADAD2 Gene

Genomic Locations for ADAD2 Gene
6,052 bases
Plus strand
6,052 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ADAD2 Gene

Genes around ADAD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ADAD2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ADAD2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ADAD2 Gene

Proteins for ADAD2 Gene

  • Protein details for ADAD2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Adenosine deaminase domain-containing protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RCL6
    • Q8NA94

    Protein attributes for ADAD2 Gene

    583 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    61755 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for ADAD2 Gene


neXtProt entry for ADAD2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ADAD2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ADAD2 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ADAD2 Gene

Domains & Families for ADAD2 Gene

Gene Families for ADAD2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for ADAD2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ADAD2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Testis nuclear RNA-binding protein-like (ADAD2_HUMAN)
  • Testis nuclear RNA-binding protein-like, isoform CRA_c (D3DUL6_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ADAD family.
  • Belongs to the ADAD family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ADAD2: view

Function for ADAD2 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for ADAD2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ADAD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003725 double-stranded RNA binding IBA 21873635
GO:0003726 double-stranded RNA adenosine deaminase activity IBA 21873635
GO:0004000 adenosine deaminase activity IEA --
GO:0008251 tRNA-specific adenosine deaminase activity IBA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADAD2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ADAD2: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for ADAD2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ADAD2

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for ADAD2

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ADAD2 Gene

Localization for ADAD2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ADAD2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ADAD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IBA 21873635
GO:0005730 nucleolus IBA 21873635
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADAD2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for ADAD2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for ADAD2 Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for ADAD2 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for ADAD2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ADAD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006382 adenosine to inosine editing IBA 21873635
GO:0006396 RNA processing IBA,IEA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ADAD2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for ADAD2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ADAD2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for ADAD2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for ADAD2 Gene

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for ADAD2

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ADAD2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ADAD2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ADAD2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for ADAD2 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ADAD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x34.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ADAD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for ADAD2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ADAD2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ADAD2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ADAD2 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ADAD2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ADAD2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ADAD2 Gene

Orthologs for ADAD2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for ADAD2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ADAD2 33 32
  • 98.68 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ADAD2 33 32
  • 81.08 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ADAD2 33 32
  • 80.3 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Adad2 17 33 32
  • 75.82 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Adad2 32
  • 75.03 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ADAD2 33
  • 60 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ADAD2 33
  • 51 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ADAD2 33
  • 40 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia adad2 32
  • 44.56 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC558824 32
  • 51.87 (n)
ADAD2 33
  • 34 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea D2005.1 33
  • 23 (a)
adr-1 33
  • 11 (a)
Species where no ortholog for ADAD2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ADAD2 Gene

Gene Tree for ADAD2 (if available)
Gene Tree for ADAD2 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for ADAD2: view image

Paralogs for ADAD2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for ADAD2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ADAD2: view

Variants for ADAD2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ADAD2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000083586 -- 84,195,526(+) C/T intron_variant
rs1000288950 -- 84,191,961(+) A/G/T intron_variant
rs1000536905 -- 84,195,228(+) G/A/T intron_variant
rs1000635755 -- 84,191,394(+) A/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs1000659075 -- 84,192,094(+) C/T intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ADAD2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2761930 CNV gain 21179565
esv3639412 CNV loss 21293372
esv3639413 CNV loss 21293372
esv3639414 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1059227 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1065790 CNV loss 25217958
nsv457597 CNV loss 19166990
nsv483044 CNV gain 15286789
nsv518342 CNV loss 19592680
nsv523437 CNV loss 19592680
nsv573424 CNV loss 21841781
nsv833309 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for ADAD2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 85% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 10.87; 91.81% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for ADAD2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ADAD2 Gene

Disorders for ADAD2 Gene

Additional Disease Information for ADAD2

No disorders were found for ADAD2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ADAD2 Gene

Publications for ADAD2 Gene

  1. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 56
  2. Genome-wide association for abdominal subcutaneous and visceral adipose reveals a novel locus for visceral fat in women. (PMID: 22589738) Fox CS … Borecki IB (PLoS genetics 2012) 3 56
  3. Phylogenetic-based propagation of functional annotations within the Gene Ontology consortium. (PMID: 21873635) Gaudet P … Thomas PD (Briefings in bioinformatics 2011) 3 56
  4. Interactions of pathological hallmark proteins: tubulin polymerization promoting protein/p25, beta-amyloid, and alpha-synuclein. (PMID: 21832049) Oláh J … Ovádi J (The Journal of biological chemistry 2011) 3 56
  5. Diversification of transcriptional modulation: large-scale identification and characterization of putative alternative promoters of human genes. (PMID: 16344560) Kimura K … Sugano S (Genome research 2006) 3 56

Products for ADAD2 Gene

Sources for ADAD2 Gene