Aliases for ACVR1 Gene
External Ids for ACVR1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ACVR1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACVR1 Gene
Activins are dimeric growth and differentiation factors which belong to the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily of structurally related signaling proteins. Activins signal through a heteromeric complex of receptor serine kinases which include at least two type I ( I and IB) and two type II (II and IIB) receptors. These receptors are all transmembrane proteins, composed of a ligand-binding extracellular domain with cysteine-rich region, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic domain with predicted serine/threonine specificity. Type I receptors are essential for signaling; and type II receptors are required for binding ligands and for expression of type I receptors. Type I and II receptors form a stable complex after ligand binding, resulting in phosphorylation of type I receptors by type II receptors. This gene encodes activin A type I receptor which signals a particular transcriptional response in concert with activin type II receptors. Mutations in this gene are associated with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressive. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ACVR1 Gene
ACVR1 (Activin A Receptor Type 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACVR1 include Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva and Brain Stem Glioma. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and protein kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ACVRL1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ACVR1 Gene
On ligand binding, forms a receptor complex consisting of two type II and two type I transmembrane serine/threonine kinases. Type II receptors phosphorylate and activate type I receptors which autophosphorylate, then bind and activate SMAD transcriptional regulators. Receptor for activin. May be involved for left-right pattern formation during embryogenesis (By similarity).