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Aliases for ACTN3 Gene

Aliases for ACTN3 Gene

  • Actinin Alpha 3 (Gene/Pseudogene) 2 3 5
  • F-Actin Cross-Linking Protein 3 4
  • Actinin, Alpha 3 2 3
  • Alpha-Actinin Skeletal Muscle Isoform 3 4
  • Alpha-Actinin Skeletal Muscle 3
  • Alpha-Actinin-3 3
  • ACTN3D 3

External Ids for ACTN3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACTN3 Gene

  • GC11P068848
  • GC11P067996
  • GC11P066089
  • GC11P066070
  • GC11P066314
  • GC11P062643

Summaries for ACTN3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ACTN3 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the alpha-actin binding protein gene family. The encoded protein is primarily expressed in skeletal muscle and functions as a structural component of sarcomeric Z line. This protein is involved in crosslinking actin containing thin filaments. An allelic polymorphism in this gene results in both coding and non-coding variants; the reference genome represents the coding allele. The non-functional allele of this gene is associated with elite athlete status. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

GeneCards Summary for ACTN3 Gene

ACTN3 (Actinin Alpha 3 (Gene/Pseudogene)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACTN3 include Actn3 Deficiency. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and Nephrin interactions. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and actin binding. An important paralog of this gene is ACTN2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACTN3 Gene

  • F-actin cross-linking protein which is thought to anchor actin to a variety of intracellular structures. This is a bundling protein.

Gene Wiki entry for ACTN3 Gene

Additional gene information for ACTN3 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ACTN3 Gene

Genomics for ACTN3 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for ACTN3 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for ACTN3 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH11J066542 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 669.5 -0.4 -403 6.2 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A YY1 E2F8 ZNF207 ZNF143 FOS ACTN3 ZDHHC24 RBM14 ENSG00000258297 RBM4 LOC105369352 KAT5 SF3B2 EIF1AD MUS81
GH11J066636 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 47.4 +91.9 91941 3.8 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 ZBTB7B YY1 RBM4 ACTN3 EIF1AD RBM14 KDM2A SART1 ENSG00000255320 ENSG00000258297 CORO1B RELA
GH11J066567 Promoter/Enhancer 1.8 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 57.5 +23.3 23255 3.4 HDAC1 FOXA2 CLOCK ATF1 FUS RB1 EGR1 ATF7 RXRA USF2 CTSF ACTN3 RBM14 ENSG00000254461 SF3B2 LOC105369352 DPP3 ENSG00000258297 RBM4 KAT5
GH11J066478 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 43.5 -66.1 -66052 3.3 HDGF PKNOX1 CLOCK ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZBTB7B YY1 MRPL11 DPP3 LOC101928069 EIF1AD ACTN3 RBM14 RBM4 PCNX3 KDM2A ENSG00000258297
GH11J066591 Promoter/Enhancer 2.4 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 35.1 +47.7 47663 4.5 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 POLR2B ZNF207 CCDC87 CCS ACTN3 ENSG00000250105 C11orf80 GC11P066598
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around ACTN3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the ACTN3 gene promoter:
  • p53
  • POU2F1
  • HSF1short
  • HSF1 (long)
  • POU2F1a
  • STAT1alpha
  • STAT1
  • Pax-5
  • STAT5A

Genomic Locations for ACTN3 Gene

Genomic Locations for ACTN3 Gene
16,935 bases
Plus strand
16,935 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ACTN3 Gene

Genes around ACTN3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ACTN3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ACTN3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ACTN3 Gene

Proteins for ACTN3 Gene

  • Protein details for ACTN3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NP77
    • Q4KKV2

    Protein attributes for ACTN3 Gene

    901 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    103241 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer; antiparallel. Also forms heterodimers with ACTN2. Interacts with MYOZ1.
    • Sequence=AP002748; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=According to the human genome assembly there is a stop codon in position 577 which is only found in 18% of the world population.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ACTN3 Gene

neXtProt entry for ACTN3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ACTN3 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ACTN3 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ACTN3 Gene

Domains & Families for ACTN3 Gene

Gene Families for ACTN3 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ACTN3 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the alpha-actinin family.
  • Belongs to the alpha-actinin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ACTN3: view

Function for ACTN3 Gene

Molecular function for ACTN3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
F-actin cross-linking protein which is thought to anchor actin to a variety of intracellular structures. This is a bundling protein.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
actinin,alpha 3,actin filament cross-linking,calcium insensitive,expressed in skeletal muscle,type 2 (fast) fibres

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for ACTN3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ACTN3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003779 actin binding IEA --
GO:0005178 integrin binding TAS 8104223
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 11171996
GO:0008307 structural constituent of muscle TAS 1339456
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACTN3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ACTN3: view

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for ACTN3

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ACTN3 Gene

Localization for ACTN3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ACTN3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IDA 21784188
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005884 actin filament TAS 1339456
GO:0005903 brush border IEA --
GO:0005925 focal adhesion IMP 16807302
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACTN3: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS and Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for ACTN3 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for ACTN3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ACTN3: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ACTN3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006936 muscle contraction IEA --
GO:0014728 regulation of the force of skeletal muscle contraction ISS --
GO:0014732 skeletal muscle atrophy ISS --
GO:0014883 transition between fast and slow fiber ISS --
GO:0014894 response to denervation involved in regulation of muscle adaptation ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACTN3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ACTN3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ACTN3 Gene

(1) Drugs for ACTN3 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ACTN3: view

Transcripts for ACTN3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for ACTN3 Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(9) Additional mRNA sequences :
(33) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for ACTN3 Gene

Actinin, alpha 3:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for ACTN3

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ACTN3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ACTN3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ACTN3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for ACTN3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ACTN3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x50.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ACTN3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Ovary (46.3), Heart (6.6), and Fetal heart (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for ACTN3 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ACTN3 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ACTN3 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ACTN3 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ACTN3 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed only in a subset of type 2 skeletal muscle fibers.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ACTN3: view

No data available for Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ACTN3 Gene

Orthologs for ACTN3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for ACTN3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.5066 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Actn 35
  • 66 (a)
Species where no ortholog for ACTN3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • cow (Bos Taurus)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • mouse (Mus musculus)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ACTN3 Gene

Gene Tree for ACTN3 (if available)
Gene Tree for ACTN3 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for ACTN3: view image

Paralogs for ACTN3 Gene

Paralogs for ACTN3 Gene

(16) SIMAP similar genes for ACTN3 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

  • D6RH00_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ACTN3: view

Variants for ACTN3 Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACTN3 Gene

About 18% of the world population lack a functional ACTN3 due to a stop codon polymorphism at position 577. The absence of a functional ACTN3 expression is not correlated with a disease state [MIM:617749].

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ACTN3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1815739 benign, affects, pathogenic, ACTININ, ALPHA-3 POLYMORPHISM, ACTN3 deficiency, Sprinting performance 66,560,624(+) C/T coding_sequence_variant, stop_gained
rs1000000655 -- 66,547,539(+) G/A intron_variant
rs1000177456 -- 66,552,531(+) G/A intron_variant
rs1000307730 -- 66,558,754(+) A/G intron_variant
rs1000357812 -- 66,548,215(+) G/T intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ACTN3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv522277 CNV loss 19592680
nsv1143689 CNV deletion 24896259
esv3626696 CNV loss 21293372
esv2744639 CNV deletion 23290073

Additional Variant Information for ACTN3 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Variation tolerance for ACTN3 Gene

Disorders for ACTN3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for ACTN3 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
actn3 deficiency
  • alpha-actinin-3 deficiency
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search ACTN3 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for ACTN3

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ACTN3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ACTN3 Gene

Publications for ACTN3 Gene

  1. Cloning and characterization of two human skeletal muscle alpha-actinin genes located on chromosomes 1 and 11. (PMID: 1339456) Beggs AH … Kunkel LM (The Journal of biological chemistry 1992) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. ACTN3 and ACE genotypes in elite Jamaican and US sprinters. (PMID: 20010124) Scott RA … Pitsiladis YP (Medicine and science in sports and exercise 2010) 3 22 44 58
  3. Strength, power, fiber types, and mRNA expression in trained men and women with different ACTN3 R577X genotypes. (PMID: 19150855) Norman B … Tesch PA (Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) 2009) 3 22 44 58
  4. alpha-actinin-3 and performance. (PMID: 19696509) Yang N … North K (Medicine and sport science 2009) 3 22 44 58
  5. Is there an ACE ID - ACTN3 R577X polymorphisms interaction that influences sprint performance? (PMID: 20013558) Eynon N … Meckel Y (International journal of sports medicine 2009) 3 22 44 58

Products for ACTN3 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for ACTN3

Sources for ACTN3 Gene

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