Aliases for ACSL3 Gene
External Ids for ACSL3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ACSL3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACSL3 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is an isozyme of the long-chain fatty-acid-coenzyme A ligase family. Although differing in substrate specificity, subcellular localization, and tissue distribution, all isozymes of this family convert free long-chain fatty acids into fatty acyl-CoA esters, and thereby play a key role in lipid biosynthesis and fatty acid degradation. This isozyme is highly expressed in brain, and preferentially utilizes myristate, arachidonate, and eicosapentaenoate as substrates. The amino acid sequence of this isozyme is 92% identical to that of rat homolog. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ACSL3 Gene
ACSL3 (Acyl-CoA Synthetase Long Chain Family Member 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACSL3 include Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 38 and Her2-Receptor Negative Breast Cancer. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins. and Fatty acid biosynthesis (KEGG). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein kinase binding and long-chain fatty acid-CoA ligase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ACSL4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ACSL3 Gene
Acyl-CoA synthetases (ACSL) activates long-chain fatty acids for both synthesis of cellular lipids, and degradation via beta-oxidation (PubMed:22633490). Required for the incorporation of fatty acids into phosphatidylcholine, the major phospholipid located on the surface of VLDL (very low density lipoproteins) (PubMed:18003621). Has mainly an anabolic role in energy metabolism. Mediates hepatic lipogenesis. Preferentially uses myristate, laurate, arachidonate and eicosapentaenoate as substrates. Both isoforms exhibit the same level of activity (By similarity).