Aliases for ACR Gene
External Ids for ACR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACR Gene
Acrosin is the major proteinase present in the acrosome of mature spermatozoa. It is a typical serine proteinase with trypsin-like specificity. It is stored in the acrosome in its precursor form, proacrosin. The active enzyme functions in the lysis of the zona pellucida, thus facilitating penetration of the sperm through the innermost glycoprotein layers of the ovum. The mRNA for proacrosin is synthesized only in the postmeiotic stages of spermatogenesis. In humans proacrosin first appears in the haploid spermatids. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ACR Gene
ACR (Acrosin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACR include Male Infertility and Spermatogenic Failure 6. Among its related pathways are Reproduction. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity and drug binding. An important paralog of this gene is TMPRSS9.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACR Gene
Acrosin is the major protease of mammalian spermatozoa. It is a serine protease of trypsin-like cleavage specificity, it is synthesized in a zymogen form, proacrosin and stored in the acrosome.