Aliases for ACKR3 Gene
External Ids for ACKR3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ACKR3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACKR3 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the G-protein coupled receptor family. Although this protein was earlier thought to be a receptor for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), it is now considered to be an orphan receptor, in that its endogenous ligand has not been identified. The protein is also a coreceptor for human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV). Translocations involving this gene and HMGA2 on chromosome 12 have been observed in lipomas. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ACKR3 Gene
ACKR3 (Atypical Chemokine Receptor 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACKR3 include Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma and Glioma. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and PEDF Induced Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G protein-coupled receptor activity and coreceptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is CX3CR1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ACKR3 Gene
Atypical chemokine receptor that controls chemokine levels and localization via high-affinity chemokine binding that is uncoupled from classic ligand-driven signal transduction cascades, resulting instead in chemokine sequestration, degradation, or transcytosis. Also known as interceptor (internalizing receptor) or chemokine-scavenging receptor or chemokine decoy receptor. Acts as a receptor for chemokines CXCL11 and CXCL12/SDF1. Chemokine binding does not activate G-protein-mediated signal transduction but instead induces beta-arrestin recruitment, leading to ligand internalization and activation of MAPK signaling pathway. Required for regulation of CXCR4 protein levels in migrating interneurons, thereby adapting their chemokine responsiveness. In glioma cells, transduces signals via MEK/ERK pathway, mediating resistance to apoptosis. Promotes cell growth and survival. Not involved in cell migration, adhesion or proliferation of normal hematopoietic progenitors but activated by CXCL11 in malignant hemapoietic cells, leading to phosphorylation of ERK1/2 (MAPK3/MAPK1) and enhanced cell adhesion and migration. Plays a regulatory role in CXCR4-mediated activation of cell surface integrins by CXCL12. Required for heart valve development. Acts as coreceptor with CXCR4 for a restricted number of HIV isolates.
Chemokine CXC receptors (CXCRs) predominantly recognize CXC chemokines. CXC chemokines are distinguished by having four conserved cysteines, with the first two cysteines being separated by a single amino acid. There are six chemokine CXC receptors.