Aliases for ACIN1 Gene
External Ids for ACIN1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ACIN1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACIN1 Gene
Apoptosis is defined by several morphologic nuclear changes, including chromatin condensation and nuclear fragmentation. This gene encodes a nuclear protein that induces apoptotic chromatin condensation after activation by caspase-3, without inducing DNA fragmentation. This protein has also been shown to be a component of a splicing-dependent multiprotein exon junction complex (EJC) that is deposited at splice junctions on mRNAs, as a consequence of pre-mRNA splicing. It may thus be involved in mRNA metabolism associated with splicing. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]
GeneCards Summary for ACIN1 Gene
ACIN1 (Apoptotic Chromatin Condensation Inducer 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACIN1 include Prostate Signet Ring Cell Adenocarcinoma and Sialolithiasis. Among its related pathways are Apoptotic execution phase and Apoptosis and Autophagy. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and nucleotide binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ACIN1 Gene
Auxiliary component of the splicing-dependent multiprotein exon junction complex (EJC) deposited at splice junction on mRNAs. The EJC is a dynamic structure consisting of core proteins and several peripheral nuclear and cytoplasmic associated factors that join the complex only transiently either during EJC assembly or during subsequent mRNA metabolism. Component of the ASAP complexes which bind RNA in a sequence-independent manner and are proposed to be recruited to the EJC prior to or during the splicing process and to regulate specific excision of introns in specific transcription subsets; ACIN1 confers RNA-binding to the complex. The ASAP complex can inhibit RNA processing during in vitro splicing reactions. The ASAP complex promotes apoptosis and is disassembled after induction of apoptosis. Involved in the splicing modulation of BCL2L1/Bcl-X (and probably other apoptotic genes); specifically inhibits formation of proapoptotic isoforms such as Bcl-X(S); the activity is different from the established EJC assembly and function. Induces apoptotic chromatin condensation after activation by CASP3. Regulates cyclin A1, but not cyclin A2, expression in leukemia cells.