Aliases for ACER3 Gene
External Ids for ACER3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ACER3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACER3 Gene
GeneCards Summary for ACER3 Gene
ACER3 (Alkaline Ceramidase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACER3 include Leukodystrophy, Progressive, Early Childhood-Onset and Leukodystrophy. Among its related pathways are Sphingolipid metabolism and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds, in linear amides and phytoceramidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ACER2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ACER3 Gene
Endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi ceramidase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of unsaturated long-chain C18:1-, C20:1- and C20:4-ceramides, dihydroceramides and phytoceramides into sphingoid bases like sphingosine and free fatty acids at alkaline pH (PubMed:20068046, PubMed:26792856, PubMed:20207939, PubMed:11356846, PubMed:30575723). Ceramides, sphingosine, and its phosphorylated form sphingosine-1-phosphate are bioactive lipids that mediate cellular signaling pathways regulating several biological processes including cell proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation (PubMed:20068046). Controls the generation of sphingosine in erythrocytes, and thereby sphingosine-1-phosphate in plasma (PubMed:20207939). Through the regulation of ceramides and sphingosine-1-phosphate homeostasis in the brain may play a role in neurons survival and function (By similarity). By regulating the levels of proinflammatory ceramides in immune cells and tissues, may modulate the inflammatory response (By similarity).