Aliases for ACADSB Gene
External Ids for ACADSB Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACADSB Gene
Short/branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase(ACADSB) is a member of the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family of enzymes that catalyze the dehydrogenation of acyl-CoA derivatives in the metabolism of fatty acids or branch chained amino acids. Substrate specificity is the primary characteristic used to define members of this gene family. The ACADSB gene product has the greatest activity towards the short branched chain acyl-CoA derivative, (S)-2-methylbutyryl-CoA, but also reacts significantly with other 2-methyl branched chain substrates and with short straight chain acyl-CoAs. The cDNA encodes for a mitochondrial precursor protein which is cleaved upon mitochondrial import and predicted to yield a mature peptide of approximately 43.7-KDa. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ACADSB Gene
ACADSB (Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Short/Branched Chain) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACADSB include 2-Methylbutyryl-Coa Dehydrogenase Deficiency and Acyl-Coa Dehydrogenase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Fatty Acyl-CoA Biosynthesis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include flavin adenine dinucleotide binding and acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ACADS.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ACADSB Gene
Short and branched chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase that catalyzes the removal of one hydrogen from C-2 and C-3 of the fatty acyl-CoA thioester, resulting in the formation of trans-2-enoyl-CoA (PubMed:7698750, PubMed:11013134, PubMed:21430231, PubMed:10832746). Among the different mitochondrial acyl-CoA dehydrogenases, acts specifically on short and branched chain acyl-CoA derivatives such as (S)-2-methylbutyryl-CoA as well as short straight chain acyl-CoAs such as butyryl-CoA (PubMed:7698750, PubMed:11013134, PubMed:21430231, PubMed:10832746). Plays an important role in the metabolism of L-isoleucine by catalyzing the dehydrogenation of 2-methylbutyryl-CoA, one of the steps of the L-isoleucine catabolic pathway (PubMed:11013134, PubMed:10832746). Can also act on valproyl-CoA, a metabolite of valproic acid, an antiepileptic drug (PubMed:8660691).