Aliases for ACADM Gene
External Ids for ACADM Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACADM Gene
This gene encodes the medium-chain specific (C4 to C12 straight chain) acyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase. The homotetramer enzyme catalyzes the initial step of the mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation pathway. Defects in this gene cause medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, a disease characterized by hepatic dysfunction, fasting hypoglycemia, and encephalopathy, which can result in infantile death. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ACADM Gene
ACADM (Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Medium Chain) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACADM include Acyl-Coa Dehydrogenase, Medium-Chain, Deficiency Of and Medium-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme A Dehydrogenase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are PPAR signaling pathway and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-CH group of donors. An important paralog of this gene is ACADS.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ACADM Gene
Medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase is one of the acyl-CoA dehydrogenases that catalyze the first step of mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation, an aerobic process breaking down fatty acids into acetyl-CoA and allowing the production of energy from fats (PubMed:1970566, PubMed:8823175, PubMed:21237683, PubMed:2251268). The first step of fatty acid beta-oxidation consists in the removal of one hydrogen from C-2 and C-3 of the straight-chain fatty acyl-CoA thioester, resulting in the formation of trans-2-enoyl-CoA (PubMed:2251268). Electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) is the electron acceptor that transfers electrons to the main mitochondrial respiratory chain via ETF-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (ETF dehydrogenase) (PubMed:25416781, PubMed:15159392). Among the different mitochondrial acyl-CoA dehydrogenases, medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase acts specifically on acyl-CoAs with saturated 6 to 12 carbons long primary chains (PubMed:1970566, PubMed:8823175, PubMed:21237683, PubMed:2251268).