Aliases for ACAD9 Gene
External Ids for ACAD9 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACAD9 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family. Members of this family of proteins localize to the mitochondria and catalyze the rate-limiting step in the beta-oxidation of fatty acyl-CoA. The encoded protein is specifically active toward palmitoyl-CoA and long-chain unsaturated substrates. Mutations in this gene cause acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family member type 9 deficiency. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]
GeneCards Summary for ACAD9 Gene
ACAD9 (Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Family Member 9) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACAD9 include Mitochondrial Complex I Deficiency, Nuclear Type 20 and Fatal Infantile Cardioencephalomyopathy Due To Cytochrome C Oxidase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins. and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include flavin adenine dinucleotide binding and acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ACADVL.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ACAD9 Gene
Required for mitochondrial complex I assembly (PubMed:20816094, PubMed:24158852). Has a dehydrogenase activity on palmitoyl-CoA (C16:0) and stearoyl-CoA (C18:0). It is three times more active on palmitoyl-CoA than on stearoyl-CoA. However, it does not play a primary role in long-chain fatty acid oxidation in vivo (PubMed:20816094, PubMed:24158852). Has little activity on octanoyl-CoA (C8:0), butyryl-CoA (C4:0) or isovaleryl-CoA (5:0).