Aliases for ACACB Gene
External Ids for ACACB Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACACB Gene
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) is a complex multifunctional enzyme system. ACC is a biotin-containing enzyme which catalyzes the carboxylation of acetyl-CoA to malonyl-CoA, the rate-limiting step in fatty acid synthesis. ACC-beta is thought to control fatty acid oxidation by means of the ability of malonyl-CoA to inhibit carnitine-palmitoyl-CoA transferase I, the rate-limiting step in fatty acid uptake and oxidation by mitochondria. ACC-beta may be involved in the regulation of fatty acid oxidation, rather than fatty acid biosynthesis. There is evidence for the presence of two ACC-beta isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ACACB Gene
ACACB (Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase Beta) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACACB include Biotin Deficiency and Body Mass Index Quantitative Trait Locus 11. Among its related pathways are Fatty acid biosynthesis (KEGG) and fatty acid biosynthesis initiation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ligase activity and biotin binding. An important paralog of this gene is ACACA.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ACACB Gene
Mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the carboxylation of acetyl-CoA to malonyl-CoA and plays a central role in fatty acid metabolism (PubMed:16854592, PubMed:19236960, PubMed:20457939, PubMed:20952656, PubMed:19900410, PubMed:26976583). Catalyzes a 2 steps reaction starting with the ATP-dependent carboxylation of the biotin carried by the biotin carboxyl carrier (BCC) domain followed by the transfer of the carboxyl group from carboxylated biotin to acetyl-CoA (PubMed:19236960, PubMed:20457939, PubMed:20952656, PubMed:26976583). Through the production of malonyl-CoA that allosterically inhibits carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 at the mitochondria, negatively regulates fatty acid oxidation (By similarity). Together with its cytosolic isozyme ACACA, which is involved in de novo fatty acid biosynthesis, promotes lipid storage (By similarity).